This is a randomized multi-arm trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of thoracic radiation
therapy followed by either durvalumab as monotherapy or in combination with tremelimumab or
olaparib in participants with Extensive-Stage Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ES-SCLC) who
have completed a first-line platinum-based chemotherapy regimen and achieved ongoing complete
response (CR), partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD).
- Signed informed consent
- Body weight greater than 30 kg
- Participants must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment
schedule, laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.
- Participants must have small cell lung cancer, documented by histology or cytology
from brushing, washing, fine needle aspiration or core biopsy from a defined lesion,
but not from sputum cytology alone. No mixed histologies allowed.
- Participants must be presented at initial diagnosis with extensive-stage disease
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0 or 1.
- Participants must have received 4-6 cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy
and must have an ongoing complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable
disease (SD) after completion. Acceptable combinations (NCCN guidelines), include
cisplatin or carboplatin with etoposide or irinotecan. As an exception to the above
criterion, participants receiving only 3 cycles of chemotherapy due to toxicity are
eligible, if they have an ongoing PR or CR after the 3rd cycle. Participants who have
received > 6 cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy are not eligible.
Participants receiving checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) monotherapy (anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1,
others) as part of their first line chemotherapy treatment will be eligible as long as
they discontinue the CPI prior to the start of thoracic radiotherapy.
- Participants must initiate study treatment with thoracic XRT ≤ 60 days from the last
dose of platinum- based first line chemotherapy;
- Whenever possible, a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block or
5-10 unstained slides of tumor sample (archival) should be made available (less
material is acceptable);
- Participants must have a life expectancy of 16 weeks or more.
- Active infection including: tuberculosis, hepatitis B (known positive hepatitis B
surface antigen (HBsAg) result) and/or, hepatitis C. Patients with a past or resolved
hepatitis B infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc]
and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody
are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA (indicating no
- Known positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) or
known medical history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
- Adequate bone marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of study
as defined per protocol.
- Adequate rental function as defined per protocol.
- Adequate hepatic function as defined per protocol
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) patients or male patients who are sexually
active with WOCBP and female partners of male participants must agree to follow
instructions of "highly effective methods of contraception) per protocol for duration
of treatment with study drug(s) plus the specified washout period.
- Male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during the study and
for at least 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab combination therapy, 90 days
after the last dose of durvalumab or olaparib monotherapy.
- Participants with previous brain metastases are eligible provided that they are
treated, are asymptomatic, and have stable disease at the screening tumor assessment.
A ≥ 2 week disease stable interval as confirmed by MRI or CT brain w/ contrast (Table
7.4-2) is required after treatment of brain metastases before initiation of thoracic
XRT. In addition, subjects must have been either off corticosteroids, or on a stable
or decreasing dose of ≤10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent).
- Participants who have received prior thoracic XRT are excluded.
- Participants with Carcinomatous meningitis
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women
- Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including
inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis,
Wegener syndrome and hypophysitis or uveitis. Patients with an autoimmune
paraneoplastic syndrome requiring concurrent immunosuppressive treatment are excluded.
Patients with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone
replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring
systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external
trigger are permitted to enroll
- Participants with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids
(> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14
days of study treatment (excluding thoracic radiotherapy). Some exceptions apply.
- Prior CPI therapy with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4
antibody (including any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T cell
co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways). Exception: CPI use with first line
chemotherapy that is stopped prior to trial enrollment.
- Participants who have received any previous treatment with a Poly ADP Ribose
Polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, including olaparib
- Interstitial lung disease (ILD): Any evidence of current ILD or pneumonitis or a prior
history of ILD or pneumonitis requiring oral or IV glucocorticoids.
- Previous malignancies unless a complete control (no evidence of disease) was achieved
≥ 2 years prior to study entry AND no additional therapy is required during the study
period (EXCEPT: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in
situ cancer and stage 1, grade 1 endometrial cancer).
- Participants with a known medical condition that, in the investigator's opinion, would
increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug(s) administration
or interfere with the interpretation of safety results.
- Major surgery or significant traumatic injury that is not recovered at least 14 days
before the initiation of thoracic radiation therapy
- All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy must have been resolved to
Grade 1 (NCI CTCAE Version 5.0) or baseline before administration of study drug(s).
Some exceptions apply.
- Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug
- Patients with known contraindications to radiotherapy, including inherited syndromes
associated with hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (e.g., Ataxia-Telangiectasia,
Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome).
- History of allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or study drug