- To determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of the combination of CPI-613 and
Hydroxychloroquine therapy for patients with high risk MDS who have failed
- To determine the overall response rate (complete remission (CR), marrow CR, partial
remission (PR), Hematologic improvement (HI)) of high risk MDS patients who have failed
hypomethylating agents, treated with the combination of CPI-613 and the maximally
tolerated dose of hydroxychloroquine
- To assess the safety of the combination
- To assess progression-free-survival (PFS)
- To assess the overall survival of MDS patients who have failed hypomethylating agents
treated with the combination of CPI-613 and hydroxychloroquine defined as the time from
enrolment on study to death from any cause.
- To assess any changes in the frequency of blood transfusions
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of hydroxychloroquine, followed by a phase
Patients receive hydroxychloroquine orally (PO) and 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid
intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days 1-5. Treatments repeat every 14 days for 2 cycles in
the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning cycle 3, patients
receive hydroxychloroquine PO and 6,8-bis(benzylthio)octanoic acid IV over 2 hours on days
1-5. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 5 years.
Patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria before enrollment:
- Histologically documented high risk MDS whose disease has failed to respond,
progressed or relapsed while on a hypomethylating agent.
- IPSS-R score of Intermediate, high or very high at time of enrollment
- ECOG Performance Status of ≤3.
- Men and women 18 years of age or older.
- Expected survival >2 months.
- Women of child-bearing potential (i.e., women who are pre-menopausal or not surgically
sterile) must use accepted contraceptive methods (abstinence, intrauterine device
[IUD], oral contraceptive or double barrier device) during the study, and must have a
negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 1 week prior to treatment initiation.
- Fertile men must practice effective contraceptive methods during the study, unless
documentation of infertility exists.
- Patients must have fully recovered from the acute, non-hematological, non-infectious
toxicities of any prior treatment with cytotoxic drugs, radiotherapy or other
anti-cancer modalities. Patients with persisting, non-hematologic, non-infectious
toxicities from prior treatment ≤ Grade 2 are eligible, but must be documented as
- Laboratory values obtained ≤2 weeks prior to enrollment must demonstrate adequate
hepatic function, renal function, and coagulation as defined below:
- Aspartate aminotransferase [AST/SGOT] ≤3x upper normal limit [UNL]
- Alanine aminotransferase [ALT/SGPT] ≤3x UNL
- Bilirubin ≤1.5x UNL
- Serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL or 133 μmol/L
- Albumin ≥ 2.0 g/dL or ≥ 20 g/L.
- Mentally competent, ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB-approved
written informed consent form.
- Have access via central line (e.g., portacath).
- Patients with the following characteristics are excluded:
- Serious medical illness, such as significant cardiac disease (e.g. symptomatic
congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic coronary artery
disease, myocardial infarction within the past 3 months, uncontrolled cardiac
arrhythmia, pericardial disease or New York Heart Association Class III or IV), or
severe debilitating pulmonary disease, that would potentially increase patients' risk
- Patients with active central nervous system (CNS) or epidural tumor.
- Any active uncontrolled bleeding or bleeding diathesis (e.g., active peptic ulcer
- Any condition or abnormality which may, in the opinion of the investigator, compromise
his or her safety.
- Pregnant women, or women of child-bearing potential not using reliable means of
- Fertile men unwilling to practice contraceptive methods during the study period.
- Lactating females.
- Life expectancy less than 2 months.
- Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements.
- Evidence of ongoing uncontrolled serious infection.
- Requirement for immediate palliative treatment of any kind including surgery.
- Patients with uncontrolled HIV infection. (Note: Patients with known HIV infection are
excluded because patients with an immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal
infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, and because there may be
unknown or dangerous drug interactions between CPI-613 and anti-retroviral agents used
to treat HIV infections).
- Patients who have received radiotherapy, surgery, treatment with cytotoxic agents
(except a hypomethylating agent, i.e. azacytidine or decitabine), treatment with
biologic agents, immunotherapy, or any other anti-cancer therapy of any kind, or any
other standard or investigational treatment for their cancer, or any other
investigational agent for any indication, within the past 2 weeks prior to initiation
of CPI-613 treatment.
- Patients that have received a chemotherapy regimen with stem cell support in the
previous 6 months.