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Genotype and Phenotype Guided Supplementation of TAMoxifen Standard Therapy With ENDOXifen in Breast Cancer Patients

NCT03931928

Description:

In hormone-receptor positive breast cancer or DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ) tamoxifen remains an important treatment option for patients before menopause and those patients after menopause who cannot be treated with aromatase-inhibitors. Nonetheless, a considerable amount of patients suffer a relapse of their cancer while on treatment with tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is a drug that is metabolized to a variety of compounds by the human liver, and the most important antihormonally active metabolite is called (Z)-Endoxifen. It is known that patients who have a reduced or absent activity of the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2D6 have lower levels of (Z)-Endoxifen. Furthermore, it has been observed that patients on tamoxifen therapy who have absent CYP2D6 activity are at a 2-fold increased risk for disease recurrence, and patients with lower CYP2D6 compared to patients with normal CYP2D6 activity still have a 1.4-fold increased risk for disease recurrence. This trial will include patients who are already on tamoxifen therapy for at least 3 months and is designed to show that in patients with absent or low CYP2D6 activity, (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation - that is giving (Z)-Endoxifen in addition to tamoxifen for the study period of 42 days - can increase blood levels of (Z)-Endoxifen to therapeutic concentrations. It is planned to included 504 patients in this blinded, randomized trial, which will have a placebo group (receiving no (Z)-Endoxifen) and two intervention groups that will receive 0, 1.5 or 3 mg (Z)-Endoxifen depending on their CYP2D6 genetics or their (Z)-Endoxifen levels at the start of the study. The trial is not designed to evaluate outcome measures (that is recurrence or survival rates) of (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation in tamoxifen treated patients, but will document the safety of the combined administration of tamoxifen and (Z)-Endoxifen.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
  • Ductal Carcinoma In Situ
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Genotype and Phenotype Guided Supplementation of TAMoxifen Standard Therapy With ENDOXifen in Breast Cancer Patients
  • Official Title: Genotype and Phenotype Guided Supplementation of TAMoxifen Standard Therapy With ENDOXifen in Breast Cancer Patients (TAMENDOX)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IKP275 / GBG91
  • SECONDARY ID: 2016-000418-31
  • NCT ID: NCT03931928

Conditions

  • Breast Cancer
  • DCIS

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
(Z)-Endoxifen supplementation according to genotypeGroup 2
(Z)-Endoxifen supplementation according to plasma levelsGroup 3

Purpose

In hormone-receptor positive breast cancer or DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ) tamoxifen remains an important treatment option for patients before menopause and those patients after menopause who cannot be treated with aromatase-inhibitors. Nonetheless, a considerable amount of patients suffer a relapse of their cancer while on treatment with tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is a drug that is metabolized to a variety of compounds by the human liver, and the most important antihormonally active metabolite is called (Z)-Endoxifen. It is known that patients who have a reduced or absent activity of the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2D6 have lower levels of (Z)-Endoxifen. Furthermore, it has been observed that patients on tamoxifen therapy who have absent CYP2D6 activity are at a 2-fold increased risk for disease recurrence, and patients with lower CYP2D6 compared to patients with normal CYP2D6 activity still have a 1.4-fold increased risk for disease recurrence. This trial will include patients who are already on tamoxifen therapy for at least 3 months and is designed to show that in patients with absent or low CYP2D6 activity, (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation - that is giving (Z)-Endoxifen in addition to tamoxifen for the study period of 42 days - can increase blood levels of (Z)-Endoxifen to therapeutic concentrations. It is planned to included 504 patients in this blinded, randomized trial, which will have a placebo group (receiving no (Z)-Endoxifen) and two intervention groups that will receive 0, 1.5 or 3 mg (Z)-Endoxifen depending on their CYP2D6 genetics or their (Z)-Endoxifen levels at the start of the study. The trial is not designed to evaluate outcome measures (that is recurrence or survival rates) of (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation in tamoxifen treated patients, but will document the safety of the combined administration of tamoxifen and (Z)-Endoxifen.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Control group (Group 1)No InterventionAll patients receive Placebo
    Group 2ExperimentalPatients will receive (Z)-endoxifen dosed according to CYP2D6 "genotype"
    • (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation according to genotype
    Group 3ExperimentalPatients will receive (Z)-endoxifen dosed according to (Z)-endoxifen steady state plasma concentrations (phenotype) at screening
    • (Z)-Endoxifen supplementation according to plasma levels

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              1. Written informed consent obtained prior to study entry. The patient must be accessible
                 for scheduled visits and treatment.
    
              2. Pre- and postmenopausal women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or early stage
                 breast cancer. This includes stage I, IIA, IIB, and IIIA breast cancers.
    
              3. ER+/PR+, ER+/PR- or ER-/PR+ receptor status. Criteria for endocrine sensitivity is ≥1%
                 ER-positive or PR-positive tumor cells on immune-histochemical staining
    
              4. Patients on standard tamoxifen monotherapy (20 mg/d) for at least three months or
                 patients who had switched from AI to tamoxifen who are on tamoxifen treatment for at
                 least three months
    
              5. Age ≥ 18 years
    
              6. Body mass index of 18.5 to 30.0 kg/m2
    
              7. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
    
              8. Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1 500/µL
    
              9. Platelets greater than or equal to 100 000/µL
    
             10. Total bilirubin within less than or equal to 1.5 times institutional upper limit of
                 normal
    
             11. AST/ALT less than or equal to 2.5 times institutional upper limit of normal
    
             12. The subjects need to be either
    
                   1. of non-childbearing potential (documented postmenopausal status, defined as no
                      menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause, or post hysterectomy,
                      bilateral salpingectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or
    
                   2. of childbearing potential (WOCBP) with negative serum pregnancy test (due to the
                      known reproduction toxicity of tamoxifen found in preclinical studies, WOCBP need
                      to use a highly effective non-hormonal contraception. These are copper IUDs,
                      bilateral tubal ligation, a vasectomized partner (vasectomy at least three months
                      prior to screening) or sexual abstinence. Male or female condoms with/ without
                      spermicide or caps, diaphragms or sponges with spermicide are associated with a
                      failure rate > 1% per year and are thus not sufficient during the intervention
                      period.
    
             13. Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior anti-cancer therapy or surgical
                 procedures to NCI CTCAE version 5.0 Grade ≤ 2 (except alopecia or other toxicities not
                 considered a safety risk for the patient at investigator's discretion)
    
             14. Surgery and radiation therapy of the breast has to be completed upon study entry
    
            Exclusion Criteria:
    
              1. Subjects who are unable to understand written and verbal instructions
    
              2. Locally advanced (Stadium IIIB or IIIC) or metastatic (Stage IV) breast cancer
    
              3. Ongoing chemotherapy and/or treatment with trastuzumab within the last three months;
                 participation in another trial with any investigational/not-marketed drug within 3
                 months prior to baseline visit
    
              4. Other active second malignancy
    
              5. Invalid result of genotyping
    
              6. Pregnancy
    
              7. Breast feeding/lactation
    
              8. Oral contraceptives containing estrogens and/or progesterones
    
              9. Pathologic vaginal bleeding in pre-menopausal women or vaginal bleeding in
                 post-menopausal patients
    
             10. Current severe acute somatic or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that
                 may increase the risk associated with study participation or may interfere with the
                 interpretation of study results and, in judgement of the investigator, would make the
                 patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
    
             11. Severe chronic cardiac or pulmonary disease (heart failure NYHA class 3 and 4), COPD
                 GOLD C or D
    
             12. Chronic or acute renal disease with a glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2,
                 and any patient on peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis
    
             13. Medical history of thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism)
    
             14. QTc interval >0.45 sec at screening ECG
    
             15. Concurrent treatment with strong to moderate inhibitors of CYP2D6 which may alter
                 tamoxifen metabolism (Consortium on Breast Cancer Pharmacogenomics 2008):
    
                 paroxetine, fluoxetine, bupropion, quinidine and duloxetine, diphenhydramine,
                 thioridazine, amiodarone, cimetidine, sertraline
    
             16. Known allergies against an ingredient of the investigational product or tamoxifen
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:Female
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:(Z-)endoxifen plasma concentration > 32 nM
    Time Frame:42 days (-2 days/+7 days)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:The primary endpoint is reached if in one or both intervention groups, the proportion of patients with steady state (Z)-endoxifen plasma concentration > 32 nM is greater or equal to the proportion of patients in the control group that reaches steady state (Z)-endoxifen plasma concentration of > 32 nM

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Increase in steady state (Z)-endoxifen concentration
    Time Frame:42 days (-2 days/+7 days)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Increase in steady state (Z)-endoxifen concentration from baseline to end of intervention (Visit 3) in patients with or without supplementation of (Z)-endoxifen
    Measure:Change in steady state plasma concentrations of tamoxifen, desmethyltamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and other tamoxifen metabolites following (Z-)endoxifen supplementation
    Time Frame:42 days (-2 days/+7 days)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Assessment of steady state plasma concentrations of tamoxifen, desmethyltamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, and other tamoxifen metabolites following (Z)-endoxifen supplementation for 6 weeks

    Details

    Phase:Phase 2
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:Robert Bosch Gesellschaft für Medizinische Forschung mbH

    Trial Keywords

    • tamoxifen
    • endoxifen
    • endocrine receptor positive breast cancer
    • adjuvant therapy

    Last Updated

    September 11, 2019