Clinical Trials /

Paclitaxel in Patients With GIST With Low P-glycoprotein Expression After Failure of at Least Imatinib and Sunitinib, and Regorafenib.

NCT03944304

Description:

With the development of KIT mutation and KIT tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib (GlivecTM, Novartis), survival of patients with advanced and/or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has significantly improved. Recently, sunitinib (SuteneTM, Pfizer) and regorafenib (StivargaTM, Bayer) have been proven to be effective as second- and third-line treatment, respectively in GIST patients who failed to imatinib treatment. However, almost all patients eventually experience disease progression due to the development of drug resistance to first-line imatinib, second-line sunitinib treatment, and third-line regorafenib. Historic data suggest that GISTs do not respond to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, but systematic unbiased screening has not been performed. A recent large-scaled chemotherapy susceptibility screening with GIST cells showed that among a total of 89 chemotherapies, 37 have anti-cancer effect in at least one type of GIST cells. It was suggested that of these agents, transcriptional inhibitors and chemotherapies such as topoisomerase II, paclitaxel, and bortezomib would be effective. Based on this study result, Asan Medical Center has recently performed a phase II study for efficacy and safety evaluation of paclitaxel in patients with advanced and/or metastatic GIST after failure of at least imatinib and sunitinib. Although paclitaxel showed limited anti-tumor efficacy, it was more effective in patients with low P-glycoprotein expression. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel in patients with metastatic or advanced GIST with low P-glycoprotein expression after failure of at least imatinib, sunitinib and regorafenib.

Related Conditions:
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Paclitaxel in Patients With GIST With Low P-glycoprotein Expression After Failure of at Least Imatinib and Sunitinib, and Regorafenib.
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Paclitaxel in Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) With Low P-glycoprotein Expression After Failure of at Least Imatinib, Sunitinib, and Regorafenib.

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: AMC1901
  • NCT ID: NCT03944304

Conditions

  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PaclitaxelPaclitaxel

Purpose

With the development of KIT mutation and KIT tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib (GlivecTM, Novartis), survival of patients with advanced and/or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has significantly improved. Recently, sunitinib (SuteneTM, Pfizer) and regorafenib (StivargaTM, Bayer) have been proven to be effective as second- and third-line treatment, respectively in GIST patients who failed to imatinib treatment. However, almost all patients eventually experience disease progression due to the development of drug resistance to first-line imatinib, second-line sunitinib treatment, and third-line regorafenib. Historic data suggest that GISTs do not respond to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, but systematic unbiased screening has not been performed. A recent large-scaled chemotherapy susceptibility screening with GIST cells showed that among a total of 89 chemotherapies, 37 have anti-cancer effect in at least one type of GIST cells. It was suggested that of these agents, transcriptional inhibitors and chemotherapies such as topoisomerase II, paclitaxel, and bortezomib would be effective. Based on this study result, Asan Medical Center has recently performed a phase II study for efficacy and safety evaluation of paclitaxel in patients with advanced and/or metastatic GIST after failure of at least imatinib and sunitinib. Although paclitaxel showed limited anti-tumor efficacy, it was more effective in patients with low P-glycoprotein expression. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel in patients with metastatic or advanced GIST with low P-glycoprotein expression after failure of at least imatinib, sunitinib and regorafenib.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
PaclitaxelExperimentalPaclitaxel will be administered at 80mg/m2/day every four weeks at Day 1, Day 8 and Day 15 per cycle. One cycle consists of 4 weeks (28 days).
  • Paclitaxel

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Age 20 years or older, at the time of acquisition of informed consent

          2. Histologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable GIST with CD117(+), DOG-1(+), or
             mutation in KIT or PDGFRαgene

          3. Patients who failed to at least imatinib, sunitinib, and regorafenib (disease
             progression and/or intolerance) (Note: The number of previous treatment is not
             limited. Previous use of other chemotherapies such as tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI),
             or any other chemotherapeutic agents concurrently used with imatinib, sunitinib, and
             regorafenib is permitted.)

             Disease progression is defined as follows:

               -  Increase of tumor size by more than 20% according to RECIST version 1.1,

               -  Appearance of a definite new lesion (excluding small cystic new lesions in the
                  liver within 6 months of starting TKIs)

               -  A new solid nodule with in a cystic mass, or

               -  Increase of the size (> 20%) of previously existing solid nodule within a cystic
                  mass

             Intolerability to previous TKI is defined as follows:

               -  Less than 75% of medication compliance due to non-hematological toxicity of grade
                  2 or above despite dose reduction to a one-step lower level (300 mg/day for
                  imatinib; 37.5 mg/day for 4-week on/2-week off schedule or 25 mg/day with
                  continuous schedule for sunitinib; and 120 mg/day for regorafenib)

               -  Febrile neutropenia, Grade 4 neutropenia lasting >6 days, Grade 4
                  thrombocytopenia, Grade 3 thrombocytopenia accompanied with clinically
                  significant hemorrhage, Grade 3-4 or intolerable continuous Grade 2
                  non-hematologic toxicity despite dose reduction to one-step lower level as
                  described above

          4. P-glycoprotein immunohistochemistry (IHC) H-score ≤250 in tumor tissue obtained after
             failure of previous treatment for GIST, including imatinib, sunitinib, and regorafenib

               -  H-score is a sum of the multiplications of each intensity score (0-3) measured by
                  the IHC and its corresponding proportion (0-100) of tumor cells (a score of
                  0-300).

               -  Intensity is evaluated as 0 (negative), 1 (weak), 2 (moderate), or 3 (strong).

               -  e.g.) If a proportion with an intensity of 3 is 40%, proportion with an intensity
                  of 2 is 30%, proportion with an intensity of 1 is 20%, and proportion with an
                  intensity of 0 is 10%, H-score is 200 (3x40 + 2x30 + 1x20).

          5. ECOG performance status of 0~2

          6. Toxicity of all previous treatments is recovered to Grade 0 or Grade 1 according to
             NCI-CTCAE Version 5.0

          7. At least one measurable lesion by RECIST Version 1.1.

          8. Adequate bone marrow, hepatic, renal, and other organ functions

               -  Neutrophil ≥ 1,500/mm3

               -  Platelet ≥ 100,000/mm3

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

               -  AST/ALT < 3 x ULN without liver metastases or AST/ALT < 5 x ULN with liver
                  metastases

               -  Creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN

          9. Expected life expectancy of ≥12 weeks

         10. Washout period of previous TKIs or chemotherapy for more than 4 times the half life
             (Seven days of washout period is enough for imatinib, sunitinib, and regorafenib)

         11. Patients who signed informed consent

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. A pregnant or nursing woman, or a woman of childbearing age

          2. A woman or a man who is not willing to use effective contraception during study drug
             administration or within 3 months following end of study drug administration. Barrier
             method should be used both in men and women during study drug administration and up to
             3 months following end of administration. Oral preparations, implants, or
             contraceptive injections are not deemed as effective contraceptions in this study
             since these may be influenced by cytochrome P450 interactions.

             Women of childbearing age are defined as sexually mature women who have not received
             hysterectomy or do not undergo natural menopause for more than 12 consecutive months,
             at least (that is, who had the menses within previous 12 months), and must be shown to
             be negative in serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days before starting paclitaxel
             treatment.

          3. If a patient falls under one of the followings within 6 months prior to recruitment:
             myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery
             bypass, NYHA class III or IV congestive heart failure, stroke or transient ischemic
             attacks, serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring treatment

          4. 4) Uncontrolled infection

          5. Diabetes with sign of clinically significant peripheral disease

          6. Acute or chronic liver disease and all chronic hepatic impairments (a patient with
             stable chronic hepatitis B is eligible.)

          7. Uncontrolled gastrointestinal toxicity (nausea, diarrhea, vomiting) accompanied with
             toxicity above NCI CTCAE Grade 2

          8. Other severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory
             abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study
             drug administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in
             the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for this study

          9. A patient who has hemorrhage that is thought to threaten one's life requiring
             transfusion or endoscopic or surgical intervention, or Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhage within
             3 months prior to treatment with study drug

         10. Major surgery ≤ 28 days prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from
             side effects of such therapy If diagnosis of HIV infection is known (HIV test is not
             obligatory)

         11. Known diagnosis of HIV infection (HIV testing is not mandatory)

         12. History of another primary malignancy that is currently clinically significant or
             currently requires active intervention

         13. A patient with brain metastasis when evaluated by radiological imaging (e.g. CT, MRI)
             if there is a symptom that is clinically suspected of brain metastasis

         14. Alcohol or substance abuse disorder
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:20 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease control rate
Time Frame:At week 16
Safety Issue:
Description:evaluate with RECIST Version 1.1 by dynamic abdomen and pelvis CT scan

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Asan Medical Center

Trial Keywords

  • Single-center
  • Prospective
  • single-arm
  • open-label
  • phase II

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