- Histologically or cytologically confirmed low or intermediate grade, unresectable well
differentiated carcinoid tumors. Patients with multiple neuroendocrine tumors
associated with MEN1 syndrome will be eligible.
- Patients must have radiographically measurable disease. Lesions that have had
locoregional therapies such as radiofrequency (RF) ablation, radiation or
transarterial therapies must show evidence of progressive disease based on RECIST 1.1
to be deemed a target lesion.
- Patients with other gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors must have had progressive
disease over the last 12 months irrespective of number of prior therapies. Patients
with both functional (who may continue somatostatin analogues as required for control
of related symptoms) and non-functional tumors are eligible.
- Written informed consent must be obtained prior to any screening procedures.
- Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of
0 - 1.
- A sufficient interval must have elapsed between the last dose of prior anti-cancer
therapy (including cytotoxic and biological therapies and major surgery) and
enrollment, to allow the effects of prior therapy to have abated:
- Cytotoxic or targeted chemotherapy: >= the duration of the cycle of the most
recent treatment regimen (a minimum of 3 weeks for all regimens, except 6 weeks
for nitrosoureas and mitomycin-C)
- Biologic therapy (e.g., antibodies): >= 4 weeks.
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L.
- Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL.
- Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L.
- Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and
alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x
ULN, except in patients with tumor involvement of the liver who must have AST and ALT
=< 5 x ULN.
- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or 24-hour clearance >= 50 mL/min.
- Serum potassium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus and total calcium (corrected for serum
albumin) must be within clinically relevant limits (e.g., a patient can be enrolled if
a lab value may be outside the normal laboratory range but the abnormality is not
clinically relevant or can be repeated.).
- Spirometry and diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) 50% or
greater of normal and oxygen (O2) saturation 88% or greater at rest on room air.
Baseline testing is not required unless known severely impaired lung function.
- Negative pregnancy test (serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 7 days
of starting study treatment is required in women of childbearing potential. Beta-HCG
may be secreted by a small percentage of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and be a tumor
marker. Thus, NET patients with positive beta-HCG are eligible if pregnancy can be
excluded by vaginal ultrasound or lack of expected doubling of beta-HCG.
- Patient has a known hypersensitivity to lenvatinib, everolimus or any of their
- Patients with known or suspected brain metastases. However, if radiation therapy
and/or surgery has been completed and serial evaluation by computed tomography (CT)
(with contrast enhancement) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over a minimum of 3
months demonstrates the disease to be stable and if the patient remains asymptomatic,
then the patient may be enrolled. Such patients must have no need for treatment with
steroids or anti-epileptic medications.
- Patients with concurrent malignancies or malignancies within 3 years prior to starting
study drug (with the exception of tumors common to a single genetic cancer syndrome,
i.e. MEN1, MEN2, vHL, TSC etc., or adequately treated, basal cell skin cancer,
squamous cell carcinoma, non-melanoma skin cancer or curatively resected cervical
- Patient is not able to swallow oral medication and/or has impairment of
gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the
absorption of the study drugs (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection).
- Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or hepatitis C
(testing is not mandatory).
- Patient who has received radiotherapy within =< 4 weeks or limited field radiation for
palliation within =< 2 weeks prior to starting study drug, and who has not recovered
to grade 1 or better from related side effects of such therapy (exceptions include
alopecia) and/or in whom >= 30% of the bone marrow was irradiated.
- Patient has had major surgery within 21 days prior to starting study drug or has not
recovered from major side effects (tumor biopsy is not considered as major surgery).
- Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases, including any of
- History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable
angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting) or
symptomatic pericarditis < 12 months prior to screening
- History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association
functional classification III-IV)
- Documented cardiomyopathy
- Patient has a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by
multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO) at screening
- History of ventricular, supraventricular, nodal arrhythmias, or any other cardiac
arrhythmias, long QT Syndrome or conduction abnormality within 12 months prior to
starting study drug
- Congenital long QT syndrome or a family history of QTc prolongation
- On screening, inability to determine the corrected QT interval using Fridericia's
formula (QTcF) interval on the electrocardiogram (ECG) (i.e.: unreadable or not
interpretable) or QTcF > 450 msec (using Fridericia's correction).
- Systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg. Patients
with systolic blood pressure < 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg on
anti-hypertensives without any change in anti-hypertensives within 1 week prior to
screening visit are eligible.
- Patients with concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical conditions that
could compromise participation in the study (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
defined by a glucose > 1.5 ULN in spite of adequate medical treatment, clinically
significant pulmonary disease, clinically significant neurological disorder, active or
uncontrolled infection, fasting total cholesterol > 300 mg/dL (or > 7.75 mmol/L) or
fasting triglycerides level > 2.5 x ULN.
- Patient has a history of non-compliance to medical regimen or inability to grant
- Pregnant or lactating women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after
conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG
laboratory test (> 5 mIU/mL).
- Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of
becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception
throughout the study and for 8 weeks after study drug discontinuation. Highly
effective contraception methods include:
- Total abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of
the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post
ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
- Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without in
case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has
been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
- Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female patients on
the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that
- Combination of any of the two following
- Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or
other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure
rate < 1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone
- Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
- Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or
cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/ vaginal
- In case of use of oral contraception, women should have been stable on the same
pill before taking study treatment. Note: Oral contraceptives are allowed but
should be used in conjunction with a barrier method of contraception due to
unknown effect of drug-drug interaction.
- Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have
had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile
(e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral
oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago.
In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has
been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child
- Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking the
drug and for 28 days after stopping treatment and should not father a child in this
period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent
delivery of the drug via seminal fluid.
- Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.
- Patient is currently receiving warfarin or other coumarin-derived anticoagulant for
treatment, prophylaxis or otherwise. Therapy with heparin, low molecular weight
heparin (LMWH) or fondaparinux is allowed.
- Subjects having > 1 + proteinuria on urine dipstick testing will undergo 24 hour (h)
urine collection for quantitative assessment of proteinuria. Subjects with urine
protein >= 1 g/24 h will be ineligible.
- Active hemoptysis (bright red blood of at least 0.5 teaspoon) within 3 weeks prior to
the first dose of study drug.
- Prior therapy with mTOR inhibitors (e.g. sirolimus, temsirolimus, deforolimus) and/or
lenvatinib. Prior antiangiogenic therapies (including but not limited to bevacizumab,
aflibercept, sunitinib and/or pazopanib) are allowed.
- Other active malignancy (except definitively treated melanoma in-situ, basal or
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix or bladder)
within past 24 months.