Clinical Trials /

Study of Pembrolizumab in Metastatic HER2-negative Breast Cancer Patients With APOBEC3B Mutation

NCT03989089

Description:

This is an open label investigator initiated Phase II study of single agent pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in metastatic HER2-receptive negative breast cancer patients with germline deletion in the cytosine deaminase (APOBEC3B) gene. Approximately 44 subjects from Malaysia and Singapore will be enrolled in this study to examine the efficacy of pembrolizumab when given 200 mg intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 administrations (2 years). This study will be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practices. Specific procedures to be performed during the trial, as well as their prescribed times and associated visit windows, are outlined in the Trial Flow Chart.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study of Pembrolizumab in Metastatic HER2-negative Breast Cancer Patients With APOBEC3B Mutation
  • Official Title: Phase II, Single Arm, Open Label, Simon Two-Stage Study of Pembrolizumab in Metastatic HER2-negative Breast Cancer Patients: Evaluation of Impact of Germline Variants in APOBEC3B

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IIT-UM2018001
  • NCT ID: NCT03989089

Conditions

  • HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKeytrudaPembrolizumab single agent

Purpose

This is an open label investigator initiated Phase II study of single agent pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in metastatic HER2-receptive negative breast cancer patients with germline deletion in the cytosine deaminase (APOBEC3B) gene. Approximately 44 subjects from Malaysia and Singapore will be enrolled in this study to examine the efficacy of pembrolizumab when given 200 mg intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 administrations (2 years). This study will be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practices. Specific procedures to be performed during the trial, as well as their prescribed times and associated visit windows, are outlined in the Trial Flow Chart.

Detailed Description

      This is an open label investigator initiated Phase II study of single agent pembrolizumab
      (Keytruda®) in metastatic HER2-receptive negative breast cancer patients with germline
      deletion in the cytosine deaminase (APOBEC3B) gene. Approximately 44 subjects will be
      enrolled in this study to examine the efficacy of pembrolizumab when given 200 mg
      intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 administrations (2 years). ER+ patients
      need to have failed at least one line of prior hormonal treatment. All patients need to have
      failed at least one line, but no more than 3 lines, of prior chemotherapy in the metastatic
      setting.

      Disease status will be followed by imaging studies at 9 weekly interval (± 7 days) during the
      first year, independent of any treatment delays, and every 12 weeks (±7 days) after the first
      year, until disease progression, start of non-study treatment, withdrawal of consent to study
      participation, death or end of the study. RECIST 1.1 will be used as the primary efficacy
      endpoint of response rate. Safety will be monitored according to the National Cancer
      Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.0.

      Study treatment will continue until any of the following occurs:

        1. Disease progression, as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumour (RECIST
           version 1.1) (when progressive disease [PD] is confirmed, subject may be further
           followed up using consensus guideline of modified RECIST 1.1 [iRECIST] criteria);

        2. Unacceptable toxicity;

        3. Intercurrent illness that necessitates discontinuation of study treatment;

        4. Investigator's decision to withdraw the subject,

        5. Pregnancy;

        6. Non-compliance with study treatment or procedure requirements;

        7. Withdrawal of consent to treatment;

        8. Death;

        9. End of the study;

       10. Other administrative reasons requiring cessation of study treatment.

      This study will be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practices.

      Specific procedures to be performed during the trial, as well as their prescribed times and
      associated visit windows, are outlined in the Trial Flow Chart - Section 6.0. Details of each
      procedure are provided in Section 7.0 - Trial Procedures.

      Subject will be given a pre-screening inform consent form to participate in the genetic
      testing to determine their APOBEC3B germline mutation status.

      Subject with confirmed APOBEC3B germline mutation will be given another inform consent form
      to participate in the main study.

      The primary objective of the trial is to determine the efficacy of pembrolizumab in
      metastatic HER2-nagative breast cancer subjects with APOBEC3B germline deletion polymorphism.
      Secondary objectives include progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and
      response duration in this subject populations. The relationships of the germline variation,
      the associated molecular signatures, as well as other potential prognostic biomarkers with
      the study treatment will be explored as the exploratory objectives.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pembrolizumab single agentExperimentalPembrolizumab 200 mg will be given intravenously every 3 weeks , on Day 1 on each 3 week cycle. Pembrolizumab can be given up to 35 adminstration (2 years).
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Female participants who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed
             consent with histologically confirmed HER2-negative breast cancer (infiltrating ductal
             or lobular breast carcinoma) with measurable metastatic disease.

          2. Must have received at least one but not more than three (3) prior lines of palliative
             chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer.

          3. Have received at least one line of hormonal therapy in the metastatic setting, for
             patients with ER+ (positive) breast cancer.

          4. Documented germline APOBEC3B mutation (i.e. germline deletion).

          5. Can provide archival tumour tissue sample or willing to provide tissues from a newly
             obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumour lesion not previously irradiated. Note:
             Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks or slides allowed (10 unstained
             slides are needed);

          6. Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1 as determined by local radiology review.
             Lesions situated in a previously irradiated area are considered measurable if
             progression has been demonstrated in such lesions.

          7. Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 (assessed
             within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment).

          8. Have life expectancy of at least 3 months.

          9. Have adequate organ function, within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment, as
             defined in the following:

               1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/µl.

               2. Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/dL or 5.6mmol/La.

               3. Platelets > 100,000/µl.

               4. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN.

               5. ALT (SGPT) and AST (SGOT) ≤ 2.5 times the ULN (≤5 times for patients with liver
                  metastases).

               6. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL.

         10. LDH ≤2.0 times the ULNWomen of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine or
             serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study
             treatment.

         11. Women of child-bearing potential prepared to use adequate contraceptive measures if
             sexually active for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of
             treatment.

         12. Have signed informed consent and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan
             and other study procedures.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Has HER2-positive breast cancer (FISH/CISH confirmed status, or 3+ IHC status)

          2. Has use of any investigational agent or participation in another therapeutic clinical
             trial concurrently or in the 30 days prior to inclusion.

          3. Has not recovered (e.g. to ≤Grade 1 or to baseline) from AEs due to a previously
             administrated therapy. Note: Participants with ≤Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible.

          4. Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2
             years (e.g. with the use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or
             immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin or physiologic
             corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not
             considered a form of systematic treatment.

          5. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systematic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to study treatment.

          6. Has a concurrently active second malignancy, other than adequately treated
             non-melanoma skin cancers, in situ melanoma or in situ cervical cancer. Subjects with
             other non-mammary malignancies must have been disease-free for at least 5 years.

          7. Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Previously treated
             brain metastases may participate provided these remain stable.

          8. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD1, anti-PDL1 or anti-PDL2 agent or with an
             agent directed to another co-inhibitory T cell receptor (such as CTLA-4, OX-40, and
             CD137) or has previously participated in pembrolizumab clinical studies.

          9. Patient who has received a live vaccine within 30 days of the first dose of study
             drug.

         10. Known hypersensitive or allergy to pembrolizumab and any of its components.

         11. Patient who is pregnant or breastfeeding.

         12. Patient with an expected life expectancy of less than 3 months.

         13. History of significant comorbidities that, in the opinion of the investigator, may
             interfere with the conduct of the study, the evaluation of response, or with informed
             consent.

         14. Active uncontrolled infection at the time of inclusion.

         15. Has a history of class II-IV congestive heart failure or myocardial infraction.

         16. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of this study

         17. Has evidence of active pneumonitis, or non-infectious pneumonitis requiring treatment
             with steroids.

         18. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

         19. Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]
             reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is
             detected) infection. Note: no testing for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is required
             unless mandated by local health authority.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:4 years
Safety Issue:
Description:To determine the overall response rate (ORR) to the pembrolizumab treatment in metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer patients with germline APOBEC3B deletion polymorphisms using RECIST 1.1.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progressionn free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:4 years
Safety Issue:
Description:To estimate the progression free survival (PFS) to the pembrolizumab treatment in metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer patients with germline APOBEC3B deletion polymorphisms.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:4 years
Safety Issue:
Description:To estimate overall survival (OS) to the pembrolizumab treatment in metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer patients with germline APOBEC3B deletion polymorphisms.
Measure:Disease control rate
Time Frame:4 years
Safety Issue:
Description:To estimate the disease control rate (DCR) i.e. complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD) to the pembrolizumab treatment in metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer patients with germline APOBEC3B deletion polymorphism.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Malaya

Trial Keywords

  • Germline APOBEC3B mutation
  • Pembrolizumab

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