Clinical Trials /

Docetaxel or Paclitaxel in Reducing Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in African American Patients With Stage I-III Breast Cancer

NCT04001829

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel or paclitaxel work in reducing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in African American patients with stages I-III breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving docetaxel or paclitaxel may work better than other methods in reducing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with breast cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Docetaxel or Paclitaxel in Reducing Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in African American Patients With Stage I-III Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: Prospective Validation Trial of Taxane Therapy (Docetaxel or Weekly Paclitaxel) and Risk of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in African American Women

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: EAZ171
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2019-00266
  • SECONDARY ID: EAZ171
  • SECONDARY ID: ECOG-ACRIN-EAZ171
  • SECONDARY ID: EAZ171
  • SECONDARY ID: UG1CA189828
  • NCT ID: NCT04001829

Conditions

  • Anatomic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Invasive Breast Carcinoma
  • Prognostic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DocetaxelDocecad, RP56976, Taxotere, Taxotere Injection ConcentrateArm B (docetaxel)
PaclitaxelAnzatax, Asotax, Bristaxol, Praxel, Taxol, Taxol KonzentratArm A (paclitaxel)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel or paclitaxel work in reducing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in African American patients with stages I-III breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving docetaxel or paclitaxel may work better than other methods in reducing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with breast cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Prospectively validate a prior germline predictor of paclitaxel-induced peripheral
      neuropathy (TIPN) using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).
      Specifically, this study will demonstrate that patients with a high-risk TIPN genotype have
      significantly more grade 2-4 TIPN than patients with a low risk genotype.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Validate a prior germline predictor of TIPN using the Functional Assessment of Cancer
      Therapy (FACT)/Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-Neurotoxicity (NTX) neurotoxicity subscale in
      Arm A.

      II. Compare grade 2-4 TIPN based on CTCAE between weekly paclitaxel (Arm A) versus (vs.)
      every three-week docetaxel (Arm B).

      III. Prospectively confirm dose reductions due to TIPN are lower for every three-week
      docetaxel compared with weekly paclitaxel in a prospective cohort of patients of African
      ancestry.

      IV. Prospectively confirm dose reductions due to any cause are lower for every three-week
      docetaxel compared with weekly paclitaxel in a prospective cohort of patients of African
      ancestry.

      V. Assess the ability of the high-risk genotype to predict TIPN risk for docetaxel.

      CORRELATIVE STUDY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Identify novel markers of TIPN and elucidate the mechanism. II. Whole genome sequencing of
      germline blood to evaluate for additional predictors of TIPN.

      III. Create induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived neurons from patient samples.

      IIIa. Evaluate whether clinical findings can be mimicked in vitro. IIIb. Evaluate gene
      expression (ribonucleic acid [RNA] sequencing [seq]) and the epigenome at baseline versus
      after exposure in those prone to TIPN versus those not.

      IV. Create a biorepository of patient derived samples for future translational research.

      PATIENT REPORTED OUTCOME OBJECTIVES:

      I. Compare Grade 2-4 TIPN (moderate to life threatening) based on Patient Reported Outcomes
      (PRO)-CTCAE items between weekly paclitaxel (Arm A) vs. every three-week docetaxel (Arm B).

      II. Prospectively compare FACT/GOG-NTX Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) subscale,
      Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function version
      (v.)2 Short Form (SF) 10a, scores between every three-week docetaxel and weekly paclitaxel
      and between high risk and low risk genotypes (Arm A) in a cohort of African ancestry.

      III. Compare the impact on financial toxicity (Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity
      [COST] scores) for every three-week docetaxel compared with weekly paclitaxel.

      IV. Examine associations between social determinants of health (zip code, marital status,
      education, income & insurance status) and dose reductions and treatment discontinuation.

      OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

      ARM A: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 3 hours once weekly. Treatment
      repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity. Patients may also receive trastuzumab and/or pertuzumab per institution routine
      care per treating physician?s discretion.

      ARM B: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once every 3 weeks. Treatment repeats every
      21 days for 4-6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
      Patients may also receive cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, trastuzumab, and/or pertuzumab per
      institution routine care per treating physician?s discretion.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and
      then every 6 months for 3 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm A (paclitaxel)ExperimentalPatients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours once weekly. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also receive trastuzumab and/or pertuzumab per institution routine care per treating physician's discretion.
  • Paclitaxel
Arm B (docetaxel)ExperimentalPatients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour once every 3 weeks. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4-6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also receive cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, trastuzumab, and/or pertuzumab per institution routine care per treating physician's discretion.
  • Docetaxel

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must be women with a known stage I-III invasive breast cancer diagnosis.
             Registration must occur within 84 days from the date of diagnosis

          -  Patients must be capable and willing to provide informed consent

          -  Patients must have plans to receive either neoadjuvant or adjuvant:

               -  Every 3-week docetaxel x 4-6 cycles OR

               -  Weekly paclitaxel x 4 cycles

               -  NOTE: Recommended therapies for various therapy regimens are outlined based on
                  estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)/HER2 and nodal status. Where
                  there are options, the treating physician will choose a regimen best fitted for
                  that patient. If the physician does not feel any of the regimens are the best fit
                  for the patient, the patient should not be enrolled. Physicians will also
                  document why a regimen was felt to be inappropriate when an option

          -  Patients must self-identify their race as black, African American, or of African
             descent; patients may be of any ethnicity

          -  Patients must not have received prior taxane or prior/concurrent platinum therapy

          -  Patients with a history of other cancers are eligible if they have not received prior
             taxane or platinum or vinca alkaloid therapy

          -  Patients must not have pre-existing peripheral neuropathy

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

          -  Patients must not have a total bilirubin > upper limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Patients must not have aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine
             aminotransferase (ALT) above 1.5 times the ULN concomitant with alkaline phosphatase
             above 2.5 times the ULN

          -  Patients must not be pregnant or lactating

               -  All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study
                  within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy

               -  A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation
                  or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:
                  1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or
                  bilateral oophorectomy, or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least
                  24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24
                  consecutive months)

          -  Women of childbearing potential must be strongly advised to use an accepted and
             effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the
             duration of their participation in the study
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Validation of a prior germline predictor of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (Arm A)
Time Frame:Baseline
Safety Issue:
Description:Patients will be coded as having the event as long as grade 2-4 neuropathy based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 occurred at any time during the observation period. Patients without neuropathy or with maximum of grade 1 neuropathy during the whole observation period will be coded as having no event.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Grade 2-4 taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy (TIPN)
Time Frame:Up to 3 years post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be based on CTCAE between both Arm A versus (vs.) Arm.
Measure:Patient-related outcome (PRO)-based neurotoxicity
Time Frame:Up to 3 years post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT)/Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-Neurotoxicity (NTX) questionnaire. The FACT/GOG-Ntx neurotoxicity total score will be analyzed as a continuous variable. Linear mixed effect models with random intercept (repeated measures within single patients with unstructured covariance matrices) will be fit to estimate the average difference in FACT/GOG-Ntx neurotoxicity total score between high versus (vs.) low risk genotype groups in the paclitaxel arm. Time and patient and disease characteristics will be included as covariates in the linear mixed effect model. Genotype group-by-time interaction will be tested to see whether the difference between the two genotype groups depends on time. For comparison between arm A and arm B, the FACT/GOG-Ntx neurotoxicity total score change between the baseline and at end of treatment will be compared using two sample t test.
Measure:Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between both arms
Time Frame:Up to 3 years post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:The HRQoL total score will be analyzed as a continuous variable and compared between low and high-risk genotypes groups of the paclitaxel arm, and between the paclitaxel arm and the docetaxel arm groups, using two-sample t tests. Multivariable linear mixed effect models will also be fit to evaluate the time trend of HRQoL and to estimate the average group difference in HRQoL after adjusting for other covariates. Group-by-time interaction will be tested to see whether the difference in HRQoL between groups depends on time.
Measure:Physical function between both arms
Time Frame:Up to 3 years post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be measured using the (PROMIS) Physical Function version (v)2.0 Short From 10a. The PROMIS Physical Function T score will be analyzed as a continuous variable, and it will be compared between the two treatment arms (A&B) and for the high risk vs. low risk genotypes (in arm A) using two-sample t tests
Measure:Financial toxicity between both arms
Time Frame:Up to 6 months post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed using the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) scores and compared using a two-sample t tests.
Measure:PRO-CTCAE scores of numbness, tingling, and general pain between both arms
Time Frame:Up to 3 years post-registration
Safety Issue:
Description:Will present PRO-CTCAE scores for each attribute (frequency, severity and/or interference) separately and compare PRO-CTCAE severity (coded 0-4) with CTCAE grades for the corresponding time period.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

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