Clinical Trials /

Neoadjuvant Cabozantinib in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Kidney Cancer

NCT04022343

Description:

This phase II clinical trial studies how well cabozantinib works in treating patients with kidney cancer before surgery. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Related Conditions:
  • Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Neoadjuvant Cabozantinib in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Kidney Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Neoadjuvant Cabozantinib in Patients With Locally Advanced Non-Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB00110583
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2019-02253
  • SECONDARY ID: Winship4643-19
  • NCT ID: NCT04022343

Conditions

  • Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v8

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CabozantinibCometriq, Cabometyx, BMS-907351, XL184, 1140909-48-3Treatment (cabozantinib)

Purpose

This phase II clinical trial studies how well cabozantinib works in treating patients with kidney cancer before surgery. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To assess the objective response rate (complete and partial responses), following the
      administration of cabozantinib for 12 weeks in patients with locally advanced biopsy-proven
      non-metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) prior to undergoing surgery.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the safety, and tolerability of neoadjuvant cabozantinib.

      II. To determine the clinical outcome (disease-free survival [DFS], overall survival [OS]) of
      patients with non-metastatic ccRCC who treated with neoadjuvant cabozantinib.

      III. To evaluate the surgery related outcomes.

      IV. To evaluate correlative studies, including biomarkers, quality of life, and
      frailty/sarcopenia assessment of patients with non-metastatic ccRCC who treated with
      neoadjuvant cabozantinib.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients receive cabozantinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 12 weeks in the absence of
      disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (cabozantinib)ExperimentalPatients receive cabozantinib orally once daily for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The assigned starting dose for cabozantinib is 60 mg/day. Two dose reduction levels of cabozantinib are permitted
  • Cabozantinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients with renal mass consistent with a clinical stage ≥ T3Nx or TanyN+ or deemed
             unresectable by surgeon.

          -  Renal cell carcinoma with clear cell component on pre-treatment biopsy of the primary
             tumor.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 1.

          -  Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function, based upon meeting all of the
             following laboratory criteria within 14 days before first dose of study treatment:

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm³ (≥ 1.5 GI/L) without granulocyte
                  colony-stimulating factor support.

               -  White blood cell count ≥ 2500/mm³ (≥ 2.5 GI/L).

               -  Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm³ (≥ 100 GI/L) without transfusion.

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL.

               -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline
                  phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN). ALP ≤ 5 x ULN with
                  documented bone metastases.

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (for subjects with Gilbert's disease ≤ 3 x ULN).

               -  Serum albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dl.

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min (≥
                  0.67 mL/sec) using the Cockcroft-Gault equation:

                    -  Males: (140 - age) x weight (kg)/(serum creatinine [mg/dL] × 72)

                    -  Females: [(140 - age) x weight (kg)/(serum creatinine [mg/dL] × 72)] × 0.85

               -  Urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) ≤ 1 mg/mg (≤ 113.2 mg/mmol).

          -  No hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or any other systemic therapy for a
             malignancy, in the 5 years prior to current study enrollment.

          -  Sexually active fertile subjects and their partners must agree to use medically
             accepted methods of contraception (eg, barrier methods, including male condom, female
             condom, or diaphragm with spermicidal gel) during the course of the study and for 4
             months after the last dose of study treatment.

          -  Female subjects of childbearing potential must not be pregnant at screening. Females
             of childbearing potential are defined as premenopausal females capable of becoming
             pregnant (ie, females who have had any evidence of menses in the past 12 months, with
             the exception of those who had prior hysterectomy). However, women who have been
             amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential
             if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, antiestrogens, low body
             weight, ovarian suppression or other reasons.

          -  Capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and must have
             signed the informed consent document.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Evidence of metastatic disease on pre-treatment imaging.

          -  The subject has received of any type of cytotoxic, biologic or other systemic
             anticancer therapy for kidney cancer.

          -  The subject has received any other type of investigational agent within 28 days before
             the first dose of study treatment.

          -  Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease.

          -  Concomitant anticoagulation with oral anticoagulants (eg, warfarin, direct thrombin
             and Factor Xa inhibitors) or platelet inhibitors (eg, clopidogrel). Allowed
             anticoagulants are the following:

               -  Low-dose aspirin for cardioprotection (per local applicable guidelines) is
                  permitted.

               -  Low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) are permitted.

               -  Anticoagulation with therapeutic doses of LMWH is allowed in subjects without
                  known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of LMWH for at least 6 weeks
                  before first dose of study treatment, and who have had no clinically significant
                  hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.

          -  The subject has prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) or partial
             thromboplastin time (PTT) test ≥ 1.3 × the laboratory ULN within 14 days before the
             first dose of study treatment.

          -  The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including,
             but not limited to, the following conditions:

               -  Cardiovascular disorders:

                    -  Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4, unstable
                       angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmias.

                    -  Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) > 150 mm
                       Hg systolic or > 100 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive
                       treatment.

                    -  Stroke (including transient ischemic attack [TIA]), myocardial infarction
                       (MI), or other ischemic event, or thromboembolic event (eg, deep venous
                       thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) within 6 months before first dose.

               -  Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of
                  perforation or fistula formation:

                    -  The subject has evidence of tumor invading the GI tract, active peptic ulcer
                       disease, active inflammatory bowel disease (eg, Crohn's disease),
                       diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis,
                       acute pancreatitis, acute obstruction of the pancreatic duct or common bile
                       duct, or gastric outlet obstruction.

                    -  Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal
                       abscess within 6 months before first dose. Note: Complete healing of an
                       intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before first dose.

               -  Clinically significant hematemesis, or hemoptysis of > 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 ml) of
                  red blood, or other history of significant bleeding (eg, pulmonary hemorrhage)
                  within 12 weeks before first dose.

               -  Cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or known endotracheal or endobronchial disease
                  manifestation.

               -  Other clinically significant disorders that would preclude safe study
                  participation.

                    -  Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture.

                    -  Uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism.

                    -  Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C).

          -  Major surgery (eg, GI surgery, removal or biopsy of brain metastasis) within 8 weeks
             before first dose of study treatment. Complete wound healing from major surgery must
             have occurred 1 month before first dose and from minor surgery (eg, simple excision,
             tooth extraction) at least 10 days before first dose. Subjects with clinically
             relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible.

          -  Prolongation of the QT corrected for HR using Fridericia's method (QTcF) interval
             defined as > 500 msec per electrocardiogram (ECG) within 28 days before first dose of
             study treatment. Note: If a single ECG shows a QTcF with an absolute value > 500 ms,
             two additional ECGs at intervals of approximately 3 min must be performed within 30
             min after the initial ECG, and the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF
             will be used to determine eligibility.

          -  Pregnant or lactating females.

          -  Inability to swallow tablets.

          -  Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment
             formulations.

          -  Diagnosis of another malignancy within 2 years before first dose of study treatment,
             except for superficial skin cancers, or localized, low grade tumors deemed cured and
             not treated with systemic therapy. Patients with Gleason 6 (3+3) prostate cancer with
             previous treatment or on active surveillance may also be allowed on protocol.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:At 12 weeks after cabozantinib dose
Safety Issue:
Description:Objective response rate will be evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) criteria. All tumor measurements must be recorded in centimeters. For target lesions, a complete response (CR) is defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. A partial response (PR) is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum longest diameter.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease-free survival (DFS)
Time Frame:From time of surgery to first tumor recurrence or death, assessed up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease-free survival will be defined as the interval between time of surgery and the first tumor recurrence or death. Patients will be censored at time of last follow-up. Disease-free survival will be estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:From time of surgery to death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:For overall survival, death from any cause will be defined as the event. Patients will be censored at time of last follow-up. Overall survival will be estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.
Measure:Quality of life assessment: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Kidney Specific Index-19 (FKSI-19) questionnaire
Time Frame:Baseline and weeks 6 and 12 after treatment initiation
Safety Issue:
Description:Quality of life will be studied using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Kidney Specific Index-19 (FKSI-19) questionnaire. The questionnaire consists of 19 statements such as "I have a lack of energy" and "I have pain" which are answered on a scale of 0-4, with 0 being "Not at all" and 4 being "Very much."
Measure:Frailty assessment
Time Frame:Baseline and weeks 6 and 12 after treatment initiation
Safety Issue:
Description:Frailty assessment will be studied using the Fried Frailty score. Domains to be assessed include shrinking, weakness, exhaustion, low activity, and slow walking speed. Each domain yields a dichotomous score of 0 or 1. Totaled scores classify patients as not frail (0-1), intermediate frail (2-3), and frail (4-5).
Measure:Sarcopenia assessment
Time Frame:Baseline and week 12 after treatment initiation
Safety Issue:
Description:Sarcopenia assessment will be done by using baseline and week 12 scans via SliceOmatic version 5.0 by TomoVision program.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Emory University

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