The study is aimed at evaluating the safety of L19TNF in combination with the most
appropriate dose of doxorubicin.
Open-label, phase 1 dose confirmation study in patients with advanced, unresectable and/or
metastatic soft tissue sarcoma.
Six (6) Patients will be enrolled sequentially and will be treated according to the following
• Doxorubicin 75 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1 of each 21-day cycle L19TNF 13 µg/kg i.v. on day 1,3 and
5 of each 21-day cycle Initiation of the study treatment for an individual subject will occur
no less than 3 days after initiation of the study treatment for the previous patient. Not
more than 2 patients are to be treated simultaneously in Cycle 1.
Should unacceptable toxicities occur in ≥ 2 patients during the observation period from Day 1
to Day 21 (first cycle), enrollment will be stopped.
If a patient is not evaluable for unacceptable toxicity, he/she will be replaced.
Patients will be treated in repeated cycles until the treatment or when one of the following
criteria are met:
- Unacceptable toxicity
- Disease Progression or relapse
- The patient or the investigator requests the treatment discontinuation
- The patient meets a withdrawal criterion. Patients with SD or PR (according to Response
Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v.1.1 evaluation) after the maximum of 6
cycles of study treatment, will receive maintenance therapy for up to 18 maintenance
cycles from start of treatment, toxicity or until disease progression occurs.
Maintenance can start immediately after the end of cycle 6 and consists infusions of
L19TNF on Day 1 of each maintenance cycle (every 3 weeks) and doxorubicin on Day 1 of
maintenance cycle 1 and 2 (if appropriate).
The primary objective is to evaluate the safety of L19TNF in combination with doxorubicin and
to establish a recommended dose (RD), assessed as follows:
- Adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAE) and drug induced liver injury (DILI)
assessment based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.5.0
- Standard laboratory (hematology, biochemistry and urinalysis) parameters.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram (ECHO) findings. In particular, data about
QT/QTc intervals will be collected and analyzed for QT/QTc prolongation potentially
caused by treatment.
- Physical examination findings including assessment of vital signs and physical
The secondary objective of the study is to evaluate signs of efficacy measured as
progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months.
The other secondary objectives of the study are as follows:
- Efficacy of L19TNF in combination with doxorubicin:
- Overall response rate (ORR, consisting of CR and PR).
- Disease Control Rate (DCR, i.e. complete response (CR), partial response (PR) and stable
- Assessment of the formation of human anti-fusion protein antibodies (HAFA) against
- Characterization of pharmacokinetics (PK) of L19TNF and doxorubicin
1. Age 18-85 years.
2. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced unresectable or metastatic soft tissue
sarcoma not amenable to curative treatment with surgery or radiotherapy. Participants
with Kaposi's sarcoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) will be excluded.
Note: Evidence of disease progression is required for participants that are not newly
3. Patients must have at least one unidimensionally measurable lesion by computed
tomography as defined by RECIST criteria 1.1. If only one lesion is present at
screening this lesion should not have been irradiated during previous treatments.
4. Life expectancy of at least 3 months in the judgment of the investigator.
5. ECOG ≤ 2.
6. Documented negative test for HIV-HBV-HCV. For HBV serology: the determination of
HBsAg, anti-HBsAg-Ab and anti-HBcAg-Ab is required. In patients with serology
documenting previous exposure to HBV (i.e., anti-HBs Ab with no history of vaccination
and/or anti-HBc Ab), negative serum HBV-DNA is required. For HCV: HCV-RNA or HCV
antibody test. Subjects with a positive test for HCV antibody but no detection of
HCV-RNA indicating no current infection are eligible.
7. Female patients: negative serum pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential
(WOCBP)* within 14 days of starting treatment. WOCBP must agree to use, from the
screening to six months following the last study drug administration, highly effective
contraception methods, as defined by the "Recommendations for contraception and
pregnancy testing in clinical trials" issued by the Head of Medicine Agencies'
Clinical Trial Facilitation Group (www.hma.eu/ctfg.html) and which include, for
instance, progesterone-only or combined (estrogen- and progesterone-containing)
hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation, intrauterine devices,
intrauterine hormone-releasing systems, bilateral tubal occlusion, vasectomized
partner or sexual abstinence. Male patients: Male subjects able to father children
must agree to use two acceptable methods of contraception throughout the study (e.g.
condom with spermicidal gel). Double-barrier contraception is required.
8. Informed consent signed and dated to participate in the study.
9. Willingness and ability to comply with the scheduled visits, treatment plan,
laboratory tests and other study procedures.
- Women of childbearing potential are defined as females who have experienced
menarche, are not postmenopausal (12 months with no menses without an alternative
medical cause) and are not permanently sterilized (e.g. tubal occlusion,
hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy)
1. Diagnosis of GIST or Kaposi sarcoma.
2. Prior therapy (except surgery and radiation) for this presentation of unresectable or
metastatic malignant soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Previous treatment with anthracycline- or anthracenedione-containing chemotherapy.
4. Radiotherapy within 3 weeks (21 days) prior to therapy and previous radiation therapy
to the mediastinal or pericardial area.
5. Active central nervous system (CNS) or leptomeningeal metastasis (brain metastasis).
Participants with a history of a CNS metastasis previously treated with curative
intent (for example, stereotactic radiation or surgery) that have not progressed on
follow-up imaging, have been asymptomatic for at least 60 days and are not receiving
systemic corticosteroids and or/anticonvulsants, are eligible. Participants with signs
or symptoms of neurological compromise should have appropriate radiographic imaging
performed before randomization to rule out brain metastasis.
6. Known history of allergy to TNF, anthracyclines, or other intravenously administered
7. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.5 x 109/L, platelets < 100 x 109/L and hemoglobin
(Hb) < 9.0 g/dl.
8. Chronically impaired renal function as expressed by creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min
or serum creatinine > 1.5 ULN.
9. Inadequate liver function (ALT, AST, ALP or total bilirubin ≥ 2.5 x ULN).
10. Any severe concomitant condition which makes it undesirable for the patient to
participate in the study or which could jeopardize compliance with the protocol.
11. History within the last year of cerebrovascular disease and/or acute or subacute
coronary syndromes including myocardial infarction, unstable or severe stable angina
12. Heart insufficiency (> Grade II, New York Heart Association (NYHA) criteria).
13. Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias or requiring permanent medication.
14. Abnormalities observed during baseline ECG and ECHO investigations that are considered
as clinically significant by the investigator. Subjects with current, or a history of
QT/QTc prolongation would be excluded. In particular:
- patients with a marked prolongation of QT/QTc interval (e.g., repeated
demonstration of QTc >480 milliseconds using Fredricia's QT correction formula)
- patients with a history of risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (e.g., heart
failure, hypokalemia, family history of prolonged QT syndrome) are excluded;
- patients who require the use of concomitant medications that prolong the QT/QTc
interval are excluded.
15. Uncontrolled hypertension.
16. Ischemic peripheral vascular disease (Grade IIb-IV according to Leriche-Fontaine
17. Severe diabetic retinopathy such as severe non-proliferative retinopathy and
18. Major trauma including major surgery (such as abdominal/cardiac/thoracic surgery)
within 4 weeks of administration of study treatment.
19. Pregnancy or breast-feeding.
20. Requirement of chronic administration of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressant
drugs. Limited use of corticosteroids to treat or prevent infusion-related reactions
and hypersensitivity reactions is not considered an exclusion criterion.
21. Presence of active and uncontrolled infections or other severe concurrent disease,
which, in the opinion of the investigator, would place the patient at undue risk or
interfere with the study.
22. Known active or latent tuberculosis (TB).
23. Concurrent malignancies other than soft tissue sarcoma, unless the patient has been
disease-free for at least 2 years.
24. Growth factors or immunomodulatory agents within 7 days prior to the administration of
25. Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
26. Allergy to study medication or excipients in study medication.
27. Concurrent therapy with anticoagulants.
28. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer treatments or agents other than study medication.
29. Any recent live vaccination within 4 weeks prior to treatment or plan to receive
vaccination during the study.