Clinical Trials /

Study of Anti-CEA CAR-T + Chemotherapy VS Chemotherapy Alone in Patients With CEA+Pancreatic Cancer & Liver Metastases

NCT04037241

Description:

This study is a randomized open-label phase 2b study of the efficacy and safety of regional infusion therapy with Anti-CEA CAR-T cells using the hepatic immunotherapy for metastases (HITM) method and the Trisalus pressure enabling drug delivery (PEDD) device alternating with systemic chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in patients with CEA-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma with liver metastases.

Related Conditions:
  • Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2/Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study of Anti-CEA CAR-T + Chemotherapy VS Chemotherapy Alone in Patients With CEA+Pancreatic Cancer & Liver Metastases
  • Official Title: A Randomized Open-Label Phase 2b Study of Hepatic Infusions of Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Alternating With Systemic Chemotherapy Versus Chemotherapy Alone In Patients With Liver Metastases Due To CEA-Expressing Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: STI-CEA-201
  • NCT ID: NCT04037241

Conditions

  • Malignant Tumor of Pancreas Metastatic to Liver

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Anti-CEA CAR-T cellsSureFire Precision Infusion System, K171355, TriSalus PEDD2nd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells + gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel
gemcitabine/nab paclitaxelGemzar, Abraxane2nd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells + gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel
NLIR+FU/FAOnivyde, Adrucil, Leucovorin2nd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Plus NLIR+FU/FA
CapecitabineXeloda3rd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Plus Capecitabine

Purpose

This study is a randomized open-label phase 2b study of the efficacy and safety of regional infusion therapy with Anti-CEA CAR-T cells using the hepatic immunotherapy for metastases (HITM) method and the Trisalus pressure enabling drug delivery (PEDD) device alternating with systemic chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in patients with CEA-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma with liver metastases.

Detailed Description

      The study consists of 5 periods: Screening/Leukapheresis Period, Bridging Therapy Period,
      Randomization Period, Treatment Period, and Observation Period (which will be the long-term
      follow-up period to monitor for overall survival and long-term safety).

      Patients in this trial with CEA-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma with liver metastases
      must have developed disease progression after first-line treatment with FOLFIRINOX
      (irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) or gemcitabine-based chemotherapy.
      Patients will be randomized to either the "anti-CEA CAR-T Cells + systemic chemotherapy
      treatment arms", or the "chemotherapy alone treatment arms."

      If the patients achieve at least stable disease during the Bridging Therapy Period, they will
      be in the Second-Line Group of Treatment Arms. Patients who develop disease progression
      during the Bridging Period will be in the Third-Line Group of Treatment Arms.

      Patients in the Second-Line or Third-Line treatment arms who are randomized to the treatment
      arms of "Anti-CEA CAR-T cells plus systemic chemotherapy" will receive hepatic infusions of
      Anti-CEA CAR-T cells in Cycles 1 and 3 (ie, each 42-day cycle is 3 weekly doses of Anti-CEA
      CAR-T cells administered as hepatic arterial infusions using a PEDD device with low dose
      systemic IL-2 support), alternating with the systemic chemotherapy regimen they received
      during the Bridging Therapy Period in Cycle 2 and Cycles >= 4. Systemic chemotherapy will be
      administered in 28-day cycles until the development of disease progression.

      Patients in the Second-Line or Third-Line treatment arms who are randomized to the treatment
      arms "chemotherapy alone" arms will continue to receive the same systemic chemotherapy that
      they received during the Bridging Therapy Period. Systemic chemotherapy will be administered
      in 28-day or 21-day cycles (depending on the type of systemic chemotherapy regimen the
      patient will receive) until the development of disease progression.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
2nd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells + gemcitabine/nab paclitaxelExperimentalPatients in the "anti-CEA CAR-T Cells plus gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel arm" will have achieved at least stable disease during the Bridging Therapy Period with gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel, and will receive the CAR-T cells in Cycles 1 and 3 and the gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel regimen they received during the Bridging Therapy Period in Cycle 2 and Cycles ≥ 4 of the Treatment Period. Treatment will continue until the development of disease progression.
  • Anti-CEA CAR-T cells
  • gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel
2nd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Plus NLIR+FU/FAExperimentalPatients in the "anti-CEA CAR-T Cells plus and nanolipsomal irinotecan (NLIR) + Fluorouracil/folinic acid (FU/FA)" will have achieved at least stable disease during the Bridging Therapy Period with NLIR + FU/FA, and will receive the CAR-T cells in Cycles 1 and 3 and the NLIR/FU/FA regimen they received during the Bridging Therapy Period in Cycle 2 and Cycles ≥ 4 of the Treatment Period. Treatment will continue until the development of disease progression.
  • Anti-CEA CAR-T cells
  • NLIR+FU/FA
2nd Line: Gemcitabine /nab paclitaxel AloneActive ComparatorPatients in the chemotherapy alone treatment arm who achieved at least stable disease during the Bridging Therapy Period while receiving gemcitabine plus nab paclitaxel will continue treatment with the chemotherapy regimen they received during the Treatment Period. This regimen will be administered in 28-day cycles until the development of disease progression.
  • gemcitabine/nab paclitaxel
2nd Line: NLIR + FU/FA AloneActive ComparatorPatients in the chemotherapy alone treatment arm who achieved at least stable disease during the Bridging Therapy Period while receiving nanoliposomal irinotecan (NLIR) + Fluorouracil/folinic acid (FU/FA) will continue treatment with the chemotherapy regimen they received during the Treatment Period. This regimen will be administered in 28-day cycles until the development of disease progression.
  • NLIR+FU/FA
3rd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Plus NLIR+FU/FAExperimentalPatients randomized to the anti-CEA CAR-T Cells plus chemotherapy treatment arm who developed disease progression during the Bridging Therapy Period will receive the CAR-T cells in Cycles 1 and 3. Nanoliposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil/leucovorin chemotherapy will be administered in Cycle 2 and Cycles ≥ 4 of the Treatment Period to patients who progressed on nab paclitaxel plus gemcitabine during the Bridging Therapy Period. Treatment will continue until the development of disease progression.
  • Anti-CEA CAR-T cells
  • NLIR+FU/FA
3rd Line: Anti-CEA CAR-T Cells Plus CapecitabineExperimentalPatients randomized to the anti-CEA CAR-T Cells plus chemotherapy treatment arm who developed disease progression during the Bridging Therapy Period will receive the CAR-T cells in Cycles 1 and 3. Capecitabine chemotherapy will be administered in Cycle 2 and Cycles ≥ 4 of the Treatment Period to patients who progressed on nanoliposomal irinotecan fluorouracil/leucovorin during the Bridging Therapy Period. Treatment will continue until the development of disease progression.
  • Anti-CEA CAR-T cells
  • Capecitabine
3rd Line: NLIR+FU/FA AloneActive ComparatorPatients randomized to the chemotherapy alone treatment arm who developed disease progression during the Bridging Therapy Period while receiving nab paclitaxel plus gemcitabine will be treated with nanoliposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil/leucovorin during the Treatment Period.
  • NLIR+FU/FA
3rd Line: Capecitabine AloneActive ComparatorPatients that developed disease progression during the Bridging Therapy Period while receiving nanoliposomal irinotecan plus 5-FU/leucovorin will be treated with capecitabine during the Treatment Period.
  • Capecitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have documented CEA-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma with
             unresectable liver metastases. Documentation of CEA-expressing adenocarcinoma may be
             demonstrated by an elevated serum CEA level (≥ 10 ng/mL) or by the detection of CEA on
             the cell surface of adenocarcino3.

          -  Documentation of disease progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma following the
             initiation of first-line treatment with FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine-based therapy.ma
             cells by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

          -  The primary pancreatic tumor may be intact and limited lung metastases (≤ 3 lesions,
             none > 1 cm in longest diameter) and lymphoid metastases (≤ 3 lesions, none > 1 cm in
             longest diameter) are permitted.

          -  There must be at least one measurable metastatic liver lesion ( ≥ 10 mm in longest
             diameter).

          -  ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.

          -  Be willing and able to comply with the study schedule and all other protocol
             requirements.

          -  Females of childbearing potential must have 2 negative pregnancy tests prior to the
             start of study treatment, and must agree to pregnancy tests during the study; sexually
             active female and male patients must be willing to use an effective birth control to
             avoid pregnancy.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Received anti-cancer chemotherapy or investigational systemic anti-cancer treatments
             other than first line FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine-based chemotherapy for advanced
             pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

          -  Received FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine-based therapy within 14 days before receiving the
             first dose of study treatment.

          -  Have any unresolved toxicity > Grade 1 from previous anticancer therapy, except for
             stable chronic toxicities (≤ Grade 2) that are not expected to resolve.

          -  Have a history of histologically confirmed metastases outside the liver, lungs, or
             lymph nodes.

          -  More than 50% replacement of one or both hepatic lobes with tumor.

          -  Tumor causing biliary obstruction not amenable to stenting.

          -  Received prior anti-CEA agents, CAR-T, CAR-T cell line, CAR-NK, CAR-pNK, or CAR-NK
             cell line therapies.

          -  Have any clinically significant low baseline lab results for hemoglobin, platelet
             counts, or neutrophil counts at screening.

          -  Has any untreated or ongoing intra-abdominal infection or bowel obstruction.

          -  Has any clinically significant elevated baseline lab results for serum creatinine,
             aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and total bilirubin (except for patients in whom
             hyperbilirubinemia is attributed to Gilbert's syndrome), and alkaline phosphatase at
             screening.

          -  Known HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related illness, acute or history of
             chronic hepatitis B or C.

          -  Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

          -  Has active bacterial, viral or fungal infections.

          -  Has any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness
             that would prevent the patient from participating in the study.

          -  Has any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities that places the
             patient at an unacceptable risk if the patient was to participate in the study.

          -  Are receiving medications that are strong inducers CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 within 2 weeks of
             initiating treatment in the Bridging Therapy Period (rifampicin, carbamazepine,
             phenytoin, efavirenz, nevirapine, rifabutin, rifapentine, St. John's wort).

          -  Are receiving medications that inhibit CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 within 1 week of initiating
             treatment in the Bridging Therapy Period (ketoconazole and other imidazole
             antifungals, erythromycin, clarithromycin, itraconazole, voriconazole, fluoxetine,
             gemfibrozil, cimetidine, lopinavir, nefazodone, telaprevir, ritonavir, saquinavir,
             indinavir, or nelfinavir).

          -  Are receiving medications that inhibit UGT1A1 within 1 week of initiating
             nanoliposomal irinotecan therapy (atazanavir, gemfibrozil, indinavir).

          -  Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Assess efficacy by overall survival
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, Overall Survival (OS) will be assessed. The events for the assessment of OS are death events. Time to event endpoints will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be provided where applicable.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Assess safety by monitoring adverse events
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of safety, the types, frequencies, and severities of adverse events and their relationship to study drug will be summarized.
Measure:Assess efficacy by within-liver progression free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, within-liver PFS will be assessed. The events for the assessment of within-liver PFS will be measured from the date of randomization to the date of disease progression within the liver or death, whichever comes first. This time to event endpoint will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be provided where appropriate.
Measure:Assess efficacy by progression free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, PFS will be assessed. The events for the assessment of PFS will be measured from the date of randomization to the date of disease progression or death, whichever comes first. This time to event endpoint will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be provided where appropriate.
Measure:Assess efficacy by within-liver time to progression (TTP)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, within-liver TTP will be assessed. The events for the assessment of within-liver TTP will be measured from the date of randomization to the date of disease progression within the liver. This time to event endpoint will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be provided where appropriate.
Measure:Assess efficacy by time to progression (TTP)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, TTP will be assessed. The events for the assessment of TTP will be measured from the date of randomization to the date of disease progression. This time to event endpoint will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals will be provided where appropriate.
Measure:Assess efficacy by within-liver radiographic response rate using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, overall response rate within-liver will be assessed using radiographic scans using RECIST v 1.1 criteria. Response will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Assess efficacy by overall whole-body radiographic response rate using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, overall response rate for overall whole-body will be assessed using radiographic scans using RECIST v 1.1 criteria. Response will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Assess efficacy by duration of response within-liver in accordance with RECIST v 1.1 criteria
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, duration of response within-liver will be measured using radiologic scans and assessed according to RECIST v1.1 criteria. This will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Assess efficacy by duration of response of overall whole-body in accordance with RECIST v 1.1 criteria
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, duration of response of overall whole-body will be measured using radiologic scans and assessed according to RECIST v1.1 criteria. This will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Assess efficacy by serologic response rates by CEA levels
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, overall response rate will be assessed by serologic CEA levels. Response rate will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Assess efficacy by serologic response rates by CA 19-9 levels
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of activity, overall response rate will be assessed by serologic CA 19-9 levels. Response rate will be assessed for each patient over a 6- to 12-month timeframe during the Treatment and Observation Periods of the protocol.
Measure:Evaluation of Quality-of-Life using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of quality-of-life, the EORTC QLQ-C30 instrument will be administered at months 2, 4, 6 of the Treatment Period and at the end of study.
Measure:Evaluation of Quality-of-Life using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Pancreatic Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-PAN26)
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of quality-of-life specific for patients with pancreatic cancer, the EORTC QLQ-PAN26 instrument will be administered at months 2, 4, 6 of the Treatment Period and at the end of study.
Measure:Evaluation of Quality-of-Life using the 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire
Time Frame:6 - 12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:As a measure of quality-of-life, the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire will be administered at months 2, 4, 6 of the Treatment Period and at the end of study.

Details

Phase:Phase 2/Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.

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