Clinical Trials /

AMD3100 Plus Pembrolizumab in Immune Checkpoint Blockade Refractory Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

NCT04058145

Description:

This research is studying the safety and effectiveness of AMD3100 and pembrolizumab in participants with metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Related Conditions:
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: AMD3100 Plus Pembrolizumab in Immune Checkpoint Blockade Refractory Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of AMD3100 in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients Who Have Progressed on Immune Checkpoint Blockade Therapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 19-189
  • NCT ID: NCT04058145

Conditions

  • Head and Neck Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AMD3100PlerixaforPembrolizumab+AMD3100 q3w
PembrolizumabKeytrudaPembrolizumab+AMD3100 q3w

Purpose

This research is studying the safety and effectiveness of AMD3100 and pembrolizumab in participants with metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Detailed Description

      This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety
      and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug combination works in
      treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.

      Because AMD3100 and Pembrolizumab have not been administered together to individuals before,
      there will be a Run-In phase prior to the beginning of Phase II. This Run-In Phase is
      designed to identify what dosing schedule is best for participants on this study.
      Participants will be participating in the Run-In Phase.

      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Pembrolizumab as a treatment option
      for this disease.

      The FDA has not approved AMD3100 as a treatment option for this disease, however it has
      approved the drug for use in individuals who have recently had bone marrow transplants.

      Pembrolizumab is thought to block a receptor called PD-1. This receptor usually acts as a
      "brake" to prevent the body's immune system from attacking cancer cells. The antibody
      "removes the brake" to allow parts of the body's immune system (usually T cells) to attack
      the tumor

      AMD3100 is a drug that inhibits CXCR4, which is a biological mechanism called a chemokine.
      CXCR4 is over-expressed in cancer cells and promotes cancer cell growth, spread, and survival
      and controls immune cell trafficking. Researchers believe that inhibiting CXCR4 expels the
      immune-suppressive cells out of the tumor and attract the cancer-killing immune cells into
      the tumor environment so that the body's immune system may be able to better attack the
      cancer cells.

      In this research study, the investigators are assessing the safety and effectiveness of
      AMD3100 and pembrolizumab in participants with aggressive head and neck squamous cell
      carcinoma.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pembrolizumab+AMD3100 q3wExperimentalPembrolizumab is administered intravenously on day 1 of each cycle AMD3 100 is administered via injection subcutaneously on day 1 of each cycle
  • AMD3100
  • Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab+AMD3100 weeklyExperimentalPembrolizumab is administered intravenously on day 1 of each cycle AMD3 100 is administered via injection subcutaneously on a weekly basis
  • AMD3100
  • Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab+AMD3100ExperimentalPembrolizumab is administered intravenously AMD3 100 is administered via injection subcutaneously
  • AMD3100
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of
             the recurrent or metastatic head and neck. For oropharyngeal cancer, tumor HPV status
             must be known.

          -  Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1. Lesions situated in a previously
             irradiated area are considered measurable if progression has been demonstrated in such
             lesions

          -  Have progressed on or after immune checkpoint therapy (anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1, as a
             monotherapy or in combination with other agents). Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint
             therapy does not have to be the most immediate prior therapy before the study
             enrollment.

          -  Have provided archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy
             of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated. Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE)
             tissue blocks are preferred to slides. If slides are to be submitted, 10-20 unstained
             slides are required. Newly obtained biopsies are preferred to archived tissue. At a
             minimum, 3 core biopsies will be obtained and 1 core will be formalin fixed and the
             other 2 cores will be flash frozen.

          -  Have a lesion that is accessible for biopsy for subjects in the Run-In phase. An
             exception can be granted for those patients who do not have a lesion that can be
             safely biopsied based upon review with the Principal Investigator. The tumor biopsy is
             optional in the Phase II portion of the study

          -  Be >18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent.

          -  ECOG performance status ≤ 1 (Karnofsky ≥70%, see Appendix A).

          -  Have normal organ and marrow function as defined below. Specimens must be collected
             within 28 days prior to study registration.

               -  leukocytes ≥3,000/mcL

               -  absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL

               -  platelets ≥100,000/mcL

               -  total bilirubin ≤1.5 ×ULN

               -  AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal

               -  creatinine Within normal institutional limits, OR

               -  creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels
                  above institutional normal.

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

          -  Male participants:

        A male participant must agree to use a contraception as detailed in Appendix C of this
        protocol during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study
        treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.

        -Female participants:

        A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (see Appendix C),
        not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

          -  Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) as defined in Appendix C, OR

          -  A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix C during the
             treatment period and for at least 120 days plus 30 days (a menstruation cycle) after
             the last dose of study treatment.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents
             within 2 weeks prior to registration with the exception of receiving immune checkpoint
             blockade therapy.

          -  Participants must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤ Grade 1
             or baseline. Participants with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible after discussion
             with PI.

          -  Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of first dose of study drug.

          -  Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities to ≤Grade 1 or
             baseline, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A
             1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to
             non-CNS disease.

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
             Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles,
             mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus
             Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection
             are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza
             vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.

          -  Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
             agent or has used an investigational device within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of
             study drug. Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an
             investigational study may participate as long as it has been >2 weeks since the last
             dose of the previous investigational agent.

          -  Has a known diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid
             therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form
             of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment
             within the past 3 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin,
             squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast carcinoma,
             cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not
             excluded.

          -  Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with
             previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically
             stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging
             (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically
             stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to
             first dose of study treatment.

          -  Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab, AMD3100, and/or any of its
             excipients.

          -  Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
             (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment.

          -  Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
             pneumonitis.

          -  Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          -  Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

          -  No HIV testing is required unless mandated by local health authority.

          -  Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]
             reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is
             detected) infection. Note: No testing for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is required
             unless mandated by local health authority.

          -  Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

          -  Has known uncontrolled psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere
             with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
             after the last dose of trial treatment.

          -  A WOCBP who has a positive serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to registration
             (see Appendix C). Note: In the event that 72 hours have elapsed between the screening
             pregnancy test and the first dose of study treatment, another pregnancy test (urine or
             serum) must be performed and must be negative in order for subject to start receiving
             study medication.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of Participants That Experience a Dose Limiting Toxicity
Time Frame:From the start of treatment up to 24 months, or until disease progression or intolerable toxicity, whichever occurs first
Safety Issue:
Description:A safety run in will be conducted with AMD3100 administered weekly or every three weeks, both in combination with pembrolizumab administered every three weeks. The number of participants that experience dose limiting toxicities will be reported for each arm.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression Free Survival
Time Frame:From the time of randomization until disease progression or death, up to approximately 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The duration of time from randomization until disease progression or death. Disease progression is assessed using RECIST criteria. Confirmed Progressive Disease(CPD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression). Disease progression must be confirmed on a subsequent scan.
Measure:Overall Survival
Time Frame:From the time of randomization until death, up to approximately 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The median duration of time from the time of randomization until death.
Measure:The Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Serious Adverse Events
Time Frame:From the start of treatment until 30 days after the end of treatment, up to 25 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events are assessed using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. A treatment-related adverse event is an adverse event deemed to be possibly, probably, or definitely related to study treatment by the investigator.
Measure:Duration of Response
Time Frame:From the time of first response until disease progression, up to 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Duration of response is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started, or death due to any cause. Participants without events reported are censored at the last disease evaluation).

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Massachusetts General Hospital

Trial Keywords

  • Head and Neck Cancer

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