Nonrandomized, open label, single arm, Simon's two stage MinMax design trial of neoadjuvant
weekly carboplatin plus paclitaxel, followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in patients
with operable Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)
This is a single arm, Phase 2, open label, Simon's two stage MinMax design trial to evaluate
the safety and efficacy of weekly carboplatin in combination with standard neoadjuvant
chemotherapy in subjects with previously untreated triple negative breast cancers who are
candidates for potentially curative surgery.
Subjects will receive carboplatin (Area Under the Curve (AUC) 2 mg/mL/min) + paclitaxel (80
mg/m2) Carboplantin plus Paclitaxel (CbP) followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC).
All subjects will receive CbP on Day 1 of 12 weekly cycles (Visits CbP1 - CbP12) via infusion
during Chemotherapy Segment 1 as indicated in the Study Schema. Dose interruptions and dose
modifications are allowed based upon tolerability and may extend Chemotherapy Segment 1
duration to a maximum of 16 weeks. Beginning with Chemotherapy Segment 2 all subjects will
receive doxorubicin (60 mg/m2) and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) on Day 1 of four 14-day
cycles (Visits AC1 - AC4). For subjects who experience toxicities due to carboplatin,
paclitaxel, doxorubicin or cyclophosphamide, the appropriate dose modifications or dosing
delays should be managed according to Section 11.2. Dose modifications may result in the
total duration of therapy being greater than the planned 24 weeks. The objective of this
study is to determine efficacy and tolerability of low dose, weekly carboplatin in
combination with weekly paclitaxel followed by standard doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide as
neoadjuvant therapy for triple-negative breast cancer.
1. Female ≥ 18 years of age at time of consent.
2. Histologically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma documented by core needle biopsy or
incisional biopsy (excisional biopsy is not allowed). AJCC clinical stage T1c, N0-3 or
cT1, N1-3 by physical exam or radiologic studies. Suspected involvement of regional
lymph nodes based on physical exam or imaging studies must be confirmed
3. Surgical excision of the primary breast tumor (partial mastectomy or total mastectomy)
and ipsilateral axillary lymph node sampling (sentinel lymph node biopsy or axillary
dissection) are planned following neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
4. Estrogen Receptor (ER)- and Progesterone Receptor (PR)-negative, and Human Epidermal
Growth Factor Receptor (HER)2-negative (triple-negative) cancer of the breast.
Triple-negative tumors are defined as:
- ER- and PR-negative: less than or equal to 10% tumor staining by
immunohistochemistry (IHC) according to local pathology assessment.
- HER2-negative disease, defined as defined by ASCO/CAP guidelines . Eastern
Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2 within 28 days
prior to study registration.
5. Life expectancy of 6 months or greater as determined by the treating physician.
6. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the table below; all screening labs
to be obtained within 28 days prior to registration.
System Hematological Leukocytes
- 2,500/mm3 Platelet count
- 100,000/mm3 Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)
- 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin (Hgb)
- 9.5 g/dL Renal Creatinine/Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) Cr < 1.5 x upper
limit of normal (ULN) or CrCl ≥ 50 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
Hepatic Bilirubin Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN. Subjects with Gilbert's syndrome may
have a bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN, if no evidence of biliary obstruction exists
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
- 2.5 × ULN Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
- 2.5 × ULN
7. No evidence of distant metastases (M0 as per AJCC staging guidelines) Weekly
Carboplatin for TNBC Confidential Protocol v.1.0, dated February 10, 2019 Page 19 of
8. Provided written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal
health information, approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB).
9. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained
10. Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. A
negative serum or urine pregnancy test is required within 14 days of study
registration. If the urine test cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy
test will be required.
11. Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) must be willing to use two effective methods of
birth control such as an oral, implantable, injectable, or transdermal hormonal
contraceptive, an intrauterine device (IUD), use of a double barrier method (condoms,
sponge, diaphragm, or vaginal ring with spermicidal jellies or cream), or total
abstinence for the course of the study until 90 days after the last dose of study
NOTE: Women are considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are
postmenopausal (≥45 years of age and has not had menses for greater than 12
consecutive months or bilateral oophorectomy) or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal
ligation or hysterectomy) or not heterosexually active for the duration of the study
and at least 60 days after the last dose of study drug.
12. As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject
to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.
1. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
2. Pregnant or breastfeeding (NOTE: breast milk cannot be stored for future use while the
mother is being treated on study).
3. Previous anti-cancer treatment (cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic
therapy, radiotherapy directed towards the primary breast tumor and/or ipsilateral
axillary lymph nodes or investigational agents) with therapeutic intent for the
current breast cancer.
4. Previous treatment with carboplatin, paclitaxel, doxorubicin, or cyclophosphamide
within the past 3 years.
5. Concurrent treatment with an ovarian hormonal replacement therapy or with hormonal
agents such as raloxifene, tamoxifen or other selective estrogen receptor modulator
(SERM). Subjects must have discontinued use of such agents prior to beginning study
6. A history of seizure within 6 months prior to study entry.
7. Pre-existing neuropathy from any cause in excess of Grade 1.
8. Treatment with any investigational drug within 14 days prior to registration or within
5 half-lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer.
9. Major surgery within 14 days prior to registration or has not recovered from major
10. Any prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment has the
potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of this investigational
regimen, as determined by the treating Medical Oncologist.
11. Known history of AIDS (HIV testing is not mandatory). HIV-positive individuals on
active HARRT therapy with virologic suppression (defined as an HIV-1 RNA level below
the lower limit of detection of the assay used) within 90 days of study enrollment and
a CD4 cell count >500 cells/mm3 on the most recent determination are eligible for the
12. History of myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia.
13. Subjects with any of the following conditions:
- History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra- abdominal
abscess within 28 days prior to registration.
- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack within 6
months prior to registration.
- History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable
angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting) or
symptomatic pericarditis within 6 months prior to registration.
- Symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association III-IV) or
documented current left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with left
ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% on most recent assessment of LV
- Clinically significant cardiac ventricular arrhythmias (e.g. sustained
ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation) or high-grade AV block (e.g.
bifascicular block, Mobitz type II and third-degree AV block) unless a pacemaker
is in place.
- Any concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the
investigator's judgment, cause unacceptable safety risks, contraindicate subject
participation in the clinical study or compromise compliance with the protocol.
14. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might jeopardize the safety of
the patient or interfere with protocol compliance.
15. Any mental or medical condition that prevents the patient from giving informed