This is a first-in-human, multicenter, open-label, multiple-dose Phase I study to investigate
the safety, tolerability, and initial efficacy of HX009 in subjects with advanced malignant
tumors. The study will consist of a dose-escalation and dose-finding component to establish
the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and to evaluate the
preliminary antitumor activity of HX009.
1. Male or female subject aged 18 to 70 years, inclusive.
2. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 1.
3. Histologically confirmed advanced malignant tumor that is refractory/relapsed to
standard therapies, or for which no effective standard therapy is available, or the
subject refuses standard therapy.
4. At least 1 measurable tumor according to RECIST v1.1 (see Appendix 7 of the protocol).
5. Life expectancy ≥12 weeks.
6. A subject with a history of brain/meninges metastases who has received prior topical
treatment (surgery/radiotherapy) before the start of the study and is clinically
stable for at least 3 months is allowed (prior treatment with corticosteroids is
permitted; however, if a subject requires systemic concomitant treatment with
corticosteroids, they must be excluded).
7. Adequate organ function, as indicated by the following laboratory values, within 14
days before signing informed consent:
- Hemoglobin ≥100 g/L (no blood transfusion is allowed within 14 days before
signing informed consent)
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 × 109/L
- Platelet count ≥100 × 109/L Biochemistry
- Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 × ULN
(ALT and AST ≤5 × ULN for subjects with liver metastases)
- Serum creatinine ≤1 × ULN
- Prothrombin time/international normalized ratio ≤1.5 × ULN or activated partial
thromboplastin time ≤1.5 × ULN (for subjects on anticoagulants, prothrombin time
or activated partial thromboplastin time must be within the normal range for
8. Male subject: must agree to use contraception as detailed in Appendix 5 of this
protocol during the treatment period and for at least 12 months after the last dose of
the study treatment.
Female subject: must not be pregnant; or must not be of childbearing potential as
defined in in Appendix 5; or if of childbearing potential, must agree to use highly
effective birth control methods during the study treatment period and for at least 12
months after the last dose of the study treatment.
9. Voluntarily agrees to participate by giving written informed consent and is willing
and able to comply with protocol and scheduled visits.
1. For subjects who have received prior anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-cytotoxic
T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4):
- Subjects must not have received anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-CTLA-4, CD47, or any
other immunotherapy or immune-oncology agent within 4 weeks of the first dose
- Subjects must not have experienced a toxicity that led to permanent
discontinuation of prior immunotherapy
- Any adverse events reported while receiving prior immunotherapy must have
completely resolved or resolved to Grade 1 prior to screening for this study.
2. Prior malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for the tumor for which a
subject is enrolled in the study and locally curable cancers that have been apparently
cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or
carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast.
3. Allergic to recombinant humanized anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody drugs and their
4. Receipt of any immunotherapy, or investigational anticancer therapy within 4 weeks
prior to the first dose of study treatment; in the case of mAbs (for investigational
use or immunotherapy), 6 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
5. Any concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic or hormonal therapy (except for
subjects with metastatic prostate cancer on androgen deprivation treatment eg,
goserelin, leuprorelin) for cancer. Concurrent use of hormones for noncancer-related
conditions (eg, insulin for diabetes and hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
NOTE: Local treatment of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable (eg, by
local surgery or local radiotherapy).
6. Radiation therapy (localized radiation therapy for therapeutic purpose is allowed)
within 4 weeks of the first dose of study treatment.
7. Female subject who is pregnant or lactating.
8. Tests positive for human immunodeficiency virus, or has active hepatitis B virus or
hepatitis C virus.
9. Active, or history of, autoimmune disease (within the past 2 years) that may recur
(eg, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease,
autoimmune thyroid disease, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, glomerulitis, etc) or are
at high risk (eg, receiving an immunosuppressive treatment for an organ transplant);
however, subjects with the following are allowed to enroll:
- Type I diabetes that is stable after a fixed dose of insulin
- Only requiring hormone replacement therapy for autoimmune hypothyroidism
- Skin disease that does not require treatment such as eczema, rash that accounts
for <10% of the body surface, psoriasis without ophthalmic symptoms.
10. Planning major surgery during the study including the screening period.
11. Requiring systemic corticosteroids (dose equivalent to >10 mg prednisone/day) or other
immunosuppressive drugs within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment or
during the study. The following are allowed:
- Use of topical or inhaled glucocorticoids
- A brief course of corticosteroids (≤7 days) for prophylaxis or for treatment of
non autoimmune conditions.
12. Active peptic ulcer, incomplete intestinal obstruction, active gastrointestinal
bleeding, and perforation.
13. Lung disease, interstitial lung disease or pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, acute lung
disease, interstitial pneumonia, etc.
14. Uncontrolled stable systemic diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular
diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.
15. History of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, or other acquired, congenital
immunodeficiency disease, or history of organ transplantation, or history of stem cell
16. Current, or history of, tuberculosis or evidence of latent tuberculosis infection:
positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold assessment at screening.
17. Severe infections within 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment, or active
infections within 2 weeks before the first dose that require oral or intravenous
18. Cancerous meningitis.
19. Has received hematopoietic stimulating factors such as colony stimulating factor and
erythropoietin within 2 weeks before the first dose of study treatment.
20. Use of any live vaccines within 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment.
21. Any major surgery within 4 weeks before the first dose of study treatment (except for
22. A history of psychotropic substance abuse who is unable to quit or who has a history
of mental disorders.
23. Other severe, acute or chronic medical or psychiatric diseases or laboratory
abnormalities that, in the Investigator's opinion, may increase the study-related
risks or interfere with the interpretation of the findings.