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A Safety and Efficacy Study of Oral Venetoclax Tablets and Injectable Azacitidine Versus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy in Adult Participants With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in First Remission After Conventional Chemotherapy to Evaluate Improvement in Relapse-Free Survival

NCT04102020

Description:

The main objective of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of venetoclax in combination with azacitidine (AZA) and best supportive care (BSC) compared to BSC as maintenance therapy in adult participants with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission after conventional chemotherapy. This study will be conducted in two parts. Part 1 will be the Dose Confirmation portion to determine recommended Phase 3 dose of venetoclax in combination with AZA. Part 2 will be the randomization portion to evaluate if venetoclax in combination with AZA as maintenance therapy improves RFS comparing to BSC. Part 2 begins after Part 1 is completed. During this study, participants will receive venetoclax and azacitidine or best supportive care for approximately 2 years with study visits varying from 1-5 per month.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Safety and Efficacy Study of Oral Venetoclax Tablets and Injectable Azacitidine Versus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy in Adult Participants With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in First Remission After Conventional Chemotherapy to Evaluate Improvement in Relapse-Free Survival
  • Official Title: Randomized, Open-label, 2-Arm, Multicenter, Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax and Azacitidine Versus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy for Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in First Remission After Conventional Chemotherapy (VIALE-M)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: M19-708
  • SECONDARY ID: 2019-002217-19
  • NCT ID: NCT04102020

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
VenetoclaxABT-199, GDC-0199Part 1: Venetoclax + Azacitidine (AZA)
AzacitidinePart 1: Venetoclax + Azacitidine (AZA)

Purpose

The main objective of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of venetoclax in combination with azacitidine (AZA) compared to best supportive care (BSC) as maintenance therapy in adult participants with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission after conventional chemotherapy. This study takes place in 2 parts evaluating improvement in relapse-free survival (RFS): Part 1 (Dose confirmation) and Part 2 (Randomization). Part 2 begins after safety is assessed in Part 1 for approximately 4 weeks. During this study, participants will receive venetoclax and azacitidine or best supportive care for approximately 2 years with study visits varying from 1-5 per month.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Part 1: Venetoclax + Azacitidine (AZA)ExperimentalParticipants will be administered with venetoclax 400 mg once daily (QD) (Days 1-28) up to 24 cycles and azacitidine (AZA) 50 mg/m^2 QD on Days 1-5 of each 28 day cycle up to 6 cycles.
  • Venetoclax
  • Azacitidine
Part 2: Arm A: Venetoclax + Azacitidine (AZA)ExperimentalParticipants will be administered with venetoclax 400 mg QD (Days 1-28) up to 24 cycles and azacitidine (AZA) 50 mg/m^2, on Days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle up to 6 cycles
  • Venetoclax
  • Azacitidine
Part 2: Arm B: Best Supportive Care (BSC)ExperimentalParticipants will receive treatment as prescribed by their physician according to the best supportive care for up to 24 cycles (1 cycle = 28 days)

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              -  Diagnosis of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
    
              -  Participant meets the following disease activity criteria:
    
                   -  Confirmation of AML by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria (2017) and have
                      confirmed complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete blood
                      count recovery (CRi) following completion of planned induction and consolidation
                      chemotherapy.
    
                   -  Achieved first CR + CRi within 4 months of enrollment or be no more than 75 days
                      since last dose of conventional therapy.
    
                   -  AML has intermediate or adverse risk cytogenetics per National Comprehensive
                      Cancer Network (NCCN) 2016 criteria.
    
              -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <= 2.
    
              -  Participant must have adequate hematologic, renal, and liver function laboratory
                 values as described in the protocol.
    
            Exclusion Criteria:
    
              -  History of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
    
              -  History of active central nervous system involvement with acute myeloid leukemia
                 (AML).
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:All
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Relapse-Free Survival (RFS)
    Time Frame:Time from treatment to relapse or death from any cause, up to approximately 3 years
    Safety Issue:
    Description:RFS is defined as the number of days from randomization to the date of relapse or the date of death from any cause, whichever comes first.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
    Time Frame:Time from treatment to relapse or death from any cause, up to approximately 3 years
    Safety Issue:
    Description:OS is defined as the number of days from the date of randomization to the date of death.
    Measure:Percentage of Participants Who Achieve Minimal Minimal Residual Disease (MRD)
    Time Frame:Measured From Baseline to approximately 3.5 years after the first participant is randomized
    Safety Issue:
    Description:The MRD conversion rate is defined as the percentage of participants deemed MRD positive (≥ 10^-3) at study initiation who converted to MRD of < 10^-3 in the bone marrow after randomization or initiation of treatment.
    Measure:Time to Deterioration in Global Health Status (GHS)/Quality-of Life (QoL) Score Based on European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-Core 30-Item (EORTC QLQ-C30) Scoring Manual.
    Time Frame:Measured From Baseline to approximately 3.5 years after the first participant is randomized
    Safety Issue:
    Description:The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item subject self-report questionnaire composed of both multi-item and single scales, including global health status/quality of life, functional Scales (physical, role, emotional, cognitive, and social) , symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and pain), and 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). Participants rate items on a 4-point scale, with 1 as "not at all" and 4 as "very much."
    Measure:Change From Baseline in Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) Fatigue Score Based on Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Fatigue Short Form (SF) 7a
    Time Frame:Measured From Baseline to approximately 3.5 years after the first participant is randomized
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Fatigue will be assessed using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Fatigue Short Form (SF) 7a. PROMIS Fatigue SF 7a is a 7-item questionnaire that assesses the impact and experience of fatigue over the past 7 days. Participants rate items on a 5-point scale, with 1 as "never" an 5 as "always".

    Details

    Phase:Phase 3
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:AbbVie

    Trial Keywords

    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
    • Venetoclax
    • Azacitidine
    • Maintenance Therapy
    • Conventional Chemotherapy
    • Best supportive care (BSC)

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