Clinical Trials /

Anti-PD-1 mAb Plus Metabolic Modulator in Solid Tumor Malignancies

NCT04114136

Description:

Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, NSCLC, HCC (Child Pugh Class A only), MSI-High solid tumors, Urothelial Cancer, GE junction/Gastric Adenocarcinoma, or HNSCC for which current standard of care treatment for their stage of disease would be with Pembrolizumab or Nivolumab monotherapy, who meet eligibility criteria will undergo a biopsy (core or excisional/incisional; FNA not adequate) for baseline tissue. Patients will then be randomized to one of 3 arms: Anti-PD-1 mAb plus Metformin 500mg po BID, Anti-PD-1 mAb alone, Anti-PD-1 mAb plus Rosiglitazone 4mg po qdaily. Five weeks (+/- 7 days) after initiation of therapy a patient will undergo a repeat biopsy (core or excisional/incisional; FNA not adequate) for correlative analysis. The patient will then continue on study therapy for up to 2 years, or until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first. RECIST 1.1 with modifications, to allow for continued therapy until progressive disease is confirmed if the patient is clinically stable, will be used in the trial.

Related Conditions:
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction
  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
  • Melanoma
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Urothelial Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Anti-PD-1 mAb Plus Metabolic Modulator in Solid Tumor Malignancies
  • Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial of Anti-PD-1 mAb Therapy Alone or With Metabolic Modulators to Reverse Tumor Hypoxia and Immune Dysfunction in Solid Tumor Malignancies

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: HCC 18-190
  • NCT ID: NCT04114136

Conditions

  • Melanoma
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • NSCLC
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Urothelial Cancer
  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma
  • HNSCC
  • Esophageal Adenocarcinoma
  • Microsatellite Instability-High Solid Malignant Tumor

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Nivolumab or Pembrolizumab (dependent upon approved indication)Opdivo (nivolumab) or Keytruda (pembrolizumab)Anti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab) plus Metformin
MetforminGlucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and GlumetzaAnti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab) plus Metformin
RosiglitazoneAvandiaAnti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab) plus Rosiglitazone

Purpose

Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, NSCLC, HCC (Child Pugh Class A only), MSI-High solid tumors, Urothelial Cancer, GE junction/Gastric Adenocarcinoma, or HNSCC for which current standard of care treatment for their stage of disease would be with Pembrolizumab or Nivolumab monotherapy, who meet eligibility criteria will undergo a biopsy (core or excisional/incisional; FNA not adequate) for baseline tissue. Patients will then be randomized to one of 3 arms: Anti-PD-1 mAb plus Metformin 500mg po BID, Anti-PD-1 mAb alone, Anti-PD-1 mAb plus Rosiglitazone 4mg po qdaily. Five weeks (+/- 7 days) after initiation of therapy a patient will undergo a repeat biopsy (core or excisional/incisional; FNA not adequate) for correlative analysis. The patient will then continue on study therapy for up to 2 years, or until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first. RECIST 1.1 with modifications, to allow for continued therapy until progressive disease is confirmed if the patient is clinically stable, will be used in the trial.

Detailed Description

      The prognosis for patients with metastatic disease remains poor. The use of immunotherapy in
      the treatment of cancer is based on the premise that tumors evade the endogenous immune
      response by being recognized as self, and not non-self. The recent success of
      immune-modulating agents in patients with refractory solid tumors has provided
      proof-of-concept of the efficacy of immune system activation as a therapeutic modality.
      Tumors develop immune resistance using different mechanisms; the goal of immunotherapy is to
      counteract these resistance mechanisms, allowing the endogenous immune system to reject
      tumors. One of those mechanisms of resistance is tumor hypoxia

      This study aims to examine whether Metformin and Rosiglitazone will reduce tumor oxygen
      consumption, creating a less hypoxic T cell environment, with pharmacologic remodeling of the
      TME leading to restored anti-tumor T cell effector function and as a result will act
      synergistically with anti-PD-1 mAb resulting in a higher response rate than with anti-PD-1
      mAb alone. The safety and tolerability of if adding metformin or rosiglitazone to anti-PD-1
      mAb therapy will assessed.

      Eligible patients will undergo pre-treatment biopsy and then will be randomized to one of
      three arms: 1. Anti-PD-1 mAb + Metformin 500mg PO BID 2. Anti-PD-1 mAb alone or 3. Anti-PD-1
      mAb plus Rosiglitazone 4mg po qdaily. Patients will undergo post treatment biopsy after 5
      weeks (+/- 7 days) of treatment and then continue treatment for up to 2 years, or until
      progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Anti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab) plus MetforminExperimentalnivolumab (480mg IV q 4 weeks) or pembrozilumab (200mg IV q 3 weeks) - dependent upon approved indication. (If both agents are approved for the disease indication, selection is at the discretion of the investigator) Metformin - 500 mg by mouth twice daily
  • Nivolumab or Pembrolizumab (dependent upon approved indication)
  • Metformin
Anti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab) plus RosiglitazoneExperimentalnivolumab (480mg IV q 4 weeks) or pembrozilumab (200mg IV q 3 weeks) - dependent upon approved indication. (If both agents are approved for the disease indication, selection is at the discretion of the investigator) Rosiglitazone - 4 mg by mouth once daily
  • Nivolumab or Pembrolizumab (dependent upon approved indication)
  • Rosiglitazone
Anti-PD-1 mAb (nivolumab or pembrozilumab)Active Comparatornivolumab (480mg IV q 4 weeks) or pembrozilumab (200mg IV q 3 weeks) - dependent upon approved indication. (If both agents are approved for the disease indication, selection is at the discretion of the investigator)
  • Nivolumab or Pembrolizumab (dependent upon approved indication)

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma,
             NSCLC, HCC (Child Pugh Class A only), MSI-High solid tumors, Urothelial Cancer, GE
             junction/Gastric Adenocarcinoma, or HNSCC for which current standard of care treatment
             for their stage of disease would be with Pembrolizumab or Nivolumab monotherapy.

          2. Accessible tumor for pretreatment (baseline) and post treatment biopsy. Tumor must be
             accessible for core or surgical biopsy (excisional/incisional), FNA is not adequate

          3. Age ≥ 18 years

          4. Have at least one measurable area of disease (Target Lesion) based on RECIST 1.1.

          5. ECOG performance status 0-2

          6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

             absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL platelets ≥100,000/mcL total bilirubin ≤
             institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional ULN
             Creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min/1.73 m2

          7. Female subjects of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy within 7 days prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the
             urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will
             be required.

          8. Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use one methods of
             birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study
             through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Women of childbearing
             potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from
             menses for > 1 year.

          9. Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with
             the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

         10. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

         11. If known to have prior brain metastases, must not have evidence of active (enlarging
             and/or symptomatic lesions) brain disease on MRI/CT evaluation.

         12. A type II DM patient who does not currently require prescription medication for
             diabetes treatment and has not received metformin, insulin, sulfonylureas or
             thiazolidinediones within 60 days of the start of study treatment can be enrolled on
             the study.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Treatment with prior anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 mAb therapy

          2. Patients with type I DM or any patient who has received metformin, insulin,
             sulfonylureas, or thiazolidinediones within 60 days of start of study treatment for
             any reason.

          3. Pregnancy or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must practice
             acceptable methods of birth control to prevent pregnancy. Prior to study enrollment,
             WOCBP must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during trial
             participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy. In
             addition, men enrolled on this study must be informed of the risks to any sexual
             partner of childbearing potential and should practice an effective method of birth
             control.

          4. All WOCBP MUST have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to first receiving
             investigational product. If the pregnancy test is positive, the patient must not
             receive investigational product and must not be enrolled in the study.

          5. Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months
             or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that
             requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Subjects with vitiligo,
             Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic therapy or resolved childhood
             asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule. Subjects that require intermittent
             use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the
             study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's
             syndrome will not be excluded from the study.

          6. History of uncontrolled cardiac disease (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, unstable
             angina, myocardial infarction within prior 6 months)

          7. Symptomatic heart failure or New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure

          8. Psychiatric illness or other social issues limiting compliance

          9. Has a history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids, evidence of
             interstitial lung disease, or currently active non-infectious pneumonitis.

         10. Treatment with a non-approved or investigational drug within 14 days prior to Day 1 of
             study treatment.

         11. Prior malignancy within 2 years with the exception of adequately treated basal cell or
             squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma of the cervix or prostate cancer.

         12. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

         13. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies). Per
             Medical History Review

         14. Hypersensitivity to metformin, rosiglitazone, pembrolizumab or nivolumab

         15. Unable to swallow pills

         16. History of acidosis of any type or habitual intake of 5 or more alcoholic beverages a
             day.

         17. Patients that require active treatment with Rifampin or Gemfibrozil for other medical
             conditions.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Best overall response
Time Frame:From start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence up to 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Best overall response per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1), by tumor type, recorded from the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence. . Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (target or non-target) with reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR): ≥ 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters. Incomplete Response/Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, (reference smallest sum diameters). Progressive Disease (PD): ≥ 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions (reference smallest sum diameters); the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm; (appearance ≥ 1 new lesions is considered progression).

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The length of time after study enrollment that patients lives without experiencing disease progression per RECIST v1.1. Progressive Disease (PD): ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). The sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance ≥1 new lesion(s) is considered progression.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Up to 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The length of time after study enrollment that patients remain alive.
Measure:Number of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events Attributed to Treatment
Time Frame:Up to 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Participants experiencing adverse events (per CTCAE v5.0) that are possibly, probably or definitely related to study treatment, will be tabulated by category, grade and relatedness.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Dan Zandberg

Trial Keywords

  • Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb)
  • tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL)

Last Updated