Clinical Trials /

Focused Ultrasound Ablation and PD-1 Antibody Blockade in Advanced Solid Tumors

NCT04116320

Description:

This study evaluates whether it is safe to Focused Ultrasound Ablation (FUSA) treatments with and without PD-1 blockade and with and without imiquimod. A device called the Echopulse will be used for the FUSA therapy. Patients will be assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts depending on their disease and treatment status. In Cohort 1, patients will receive FUSA therapy while receiving PD-1 blockade therapy as part of standard clinical care treatment. In Cohort 2, patients who discontinue or are ineligible for PD-1 blockade therapy will undergo FUSA without concurrent systemic therapy, with the goal of utilizing the FUSA to boost the innate immune response. The optional secondary regimen will combine FUSA (+/- PD-1 blockade) with imiquimod, which is a topical TLR7 agonist.

Related Conditions:
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Focused Ultrasound Ablation and PD-1 Antibody Blockade in Advanced Solid Tumors
  • Official Title: Pilot Evaluation of Focused Ultrasound Ablation and Focused Ultrasound Ablation Plus PD-1 Antibody Blockade in Advanced Solid Tumors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 21850
  • NCT ID: NCT04116320

Conditions

  • Melanoma
  • Breast Cancer
  • Merkel Cell Carcinoma
  • Squamous Cell Cancer
  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Urothelial Carcinoma
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Small-cell Lung Cancer
  • Microsatellite Instability High
  • Gastric Cancer
  • Esophageal Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
ImiquimodAldaraCohort 2, primary regimen (Regimen 1b)
Standard of Care PD-1 TherapyCohort 1, primary regimen (Regimen 1a)

Purpose

This study evaluates whether it is safe to Focused Ultrasound Ablation (FUSA) treatments with and without PD-1 blockade and with and without imiquimod. A device called the Echopulse will be used for the FUSA therapy. Patients will be assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts depending on their disease and treatment status. In Cohort 1, patients will receive FUSA therapy while receiving PD-1 blockade therapy as part of standard clinical care treatment. In Cohort 2, patients who discontinue or are ineligible for PD-1 blockade therapy will undergo FUSA without concurrent systemic therapy, with the goal of utilizing the FUSA to boost the innate immune response. The optional secondary regimen will combine FUSA (+/- PD-1 blockade) with imiquimod, which is a topical TLR7 agonist.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cohort 1, primary regimen (Regimen 1a)ExperimentalFUSA therapy and standard of care PD-1 blockade. FUSA therapy will be administered on day 8.
  • Standard of Care PD-1 Therapy
Cohort 1, secondary regimen (Regimen 2a)ExperimentalFUSA therapy will be administered on day 8.
    Cohort 2, primary regimen (Regimen 1b)ExperimentalFUSA therapy, standard of care PD-1 blockade, and imiquimod. FUSA therapy will be administered on day 1.
    • Imiquimod
    • Standard of Care PD-1 Therapy
    Cohort 2, secondary regimen (Regimen 2b)ExperimentalFUSA therapy and imiquimod. FUSA therapy will be administered on day 1.
    • Imiquimod

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              1. Age ≥18 years.
    
              2. Advanced solid tumor with measurable disease in regional and/or distant metastases.
    
              3. Subject must have failed or have contraindication to standard therapies
    
              4. For Cohort 1, primary regimen (Regimen 1a): Patients with advanced solid malignancy
                 for which PD1 or PDL1 antibody monotherapy administered on a 3-week schedule is
                 FDA-approved for treatment, who have one or more tumor deposits that are accessible to
                 focused ultrasound treatment, and who are eligible to receive (or to continue to
                 receive) PD1 or PDL1 blockade therapy. Uveal melanoma patients are not eligible for
                 Regimen 1a.
    
                 Note: These patients may receive the primary protocol therapy (Regimen 1a) concurrent
                 with PD1/PDL1 antibody therapy even if they may be eligible for other effective
                 FDA-approved therapies in the following settings:
    
                 Patients with stable disease after 12 weeks of PD1/PDL1 therapy per RECIST criteria
                 may be eligible for Regimen 1a if their disease has remained stable on therapy and if
                 their treating physician would normally continue PD1/PDL1 therapy even if they were
                 not treated on this trial.
    
              5. For Cohort 1, secondary regimen (Regimen 2a): For those patients treated with primary
                 regimen 1a, select participants may be enrolled in a secondary regimen. This would
                 include participants in the following scenarios:
    
                   -  Stable disease.
    
                   -  Response in lesion treated in regimen 1, but persistent disease or progression in
                      a separate lesion.
    
                   -  Initial partial response but still persistent disease at the treated lesion.
    
                   -  Initial response followed by progression at treated lesion or separate site,
                      after discontinuation of PD-1/PD-L1 antibody. If there is a response and then
                      progression at the site treated in Regimen 1 and the residual tumor meets
                      inclusion criteria, this lesion may be re-treated on the secondary regimen. For
                      participants who progress at a site unique from the treated lesion, they may
                      enroll in Regimen 2 and have this new lesion treated, as long as they meet all
                      inclusion criteria requirements.
    
                 The patient must have a treatable tumor deposit in the dermis. The lesion to be FUSA
                 treated in regimen 2 does not need to be the same lesion targeted in regimen 1. The
                 patient must remain eligible for PD1/PDL1 Ab therapy. The length between the FUSA
                 treatments in primary regimen and secondary regimen should be no less than 6 weeks.
                 Patients who experienced an unanticipated device effect in the primary regimen are not
                 eligible for the secondary regimen.
    
              6. For Cohort 2, primary regimen (Regimen 1b): The following patient subsets would be
                 eligible for the Cohort 2 primary regimen, as long as they have failed (progressed or
                 not tolerated) or are not eligible for all effective available approved therapies
                 known to confer clinical benefit:
    
                   -  Patients with advanced solid malignancy for which PD1 or PDL1 blockade is not
                      FDA-approved.
    
                   -  Patients with metastatic uveal melanoma
    
                   -  Patients with advanced solid malignancies for which PD1 or PDL1 blockade is FDA
                      approved but who are not eligible to receive that therapy because of prior
                      failure, toxicity, baseline autoimmune disease, or frailty.
    
                   -  Patients who previously responded to PD1/PDL1 therapy but then progressed, if
                      there are no other systemic therapies available to them.
    
                 Patients who were previously undergoing PD-1 blockade therapy must not have received a
                 dose within 4 weeks prior to FUSA treatment.
    
              7. For Cohort 2, secondary regimen (Regimen 2b): For those patients treated with primary
                 regimen 1a or 1b, select participants may be enrolled in a secondary regimen. This
                 would include participants in the following scenarios:
    
                   -  Stable disease.
    
                   -  Response in lesion treated in regimen 1, but persistent disease or progression in
                      a separate lesion.
    
                   -  Initial partial response but still persistent disease at the treated lesion.
    
                   -  Initial response followed by progression at the treated lesion or a separate site
                      after discontinuation of PD-1/PD-L1 antibody. If there is a response and then
                      progression at the site treated in Regimen 1 and the residual tumor meets
                      inclusion criteria, this lesion may be re-treated on the secondary regimen. For
                      participants who progress at a site unique from the treated lesion, they may
                      enroll in Regimen 2 and have this new lesion treated, as long as they meet all
                      inclusion criteria requirements.
    
                 Patients enrolling to Regimen 2b must have a treatable tumor deposit in the dermis.
                 The lesion to be FUSA treated in regimen 2 does not need to be the same lesion
                 targeted in regimen 1. Crossover from primary regimen 1a is allowed if the patient is
                 no longer eligible for continued PD1/PDL1 Ab therapy (e.g. due to autoimmune
                 toxicity), and if there is no other effective systemic therapy option. The length
                 between the FUSA treatments in regimen 1 and regimen 2 should be no less than 6 weeks.
                 Patients who experienced an unanticipated device effect in the primary regimen are not
                 eligible for the secondary regimen.
    
              8. One or more dermal, subcutaneous or nodal metastases from an advanced solid tumor. The
                 metastases need to be accessible for FUSA and for biopsy.
    
                 For FUSA:
    
                 The targeted lesion(s) must be visible by ultrasound imaging and meet the following
                 criteria. Brain lesions may not be targeted for treatment.
    
                   -  Approximately 1 cm (or more) diameter of treatable tumor volume for lesions to be
                      treated with FUSA.
    
                   -  The target treatment area needs to be contained within a region at least 5 mm
                      from the skin surface and less than or equal to 23 mm from the skin surface.
    
                   -  The target treatment area must be at a safe distance from all critical
                      structures, including but not limited to ribs or other bony structures, vital
                      organs, named blood vessels or nerves.
    
                   -  The critical structures, with the exception of the skin, will not be in the
                      pre-focal ultrasound path.
    
                   -  The anterior-posterior dimension of the treatment area by US should be no less
                      than 9mm.
    
                 For Biopsies:
    
                 Biopsies may be completed with or without image guidance.
    
              9. Lesions that have been selected for focused ultrasound or lesions that have been
                 selected for biopsies as untreated controls may have been previously radiated
                 provided:
    
                   -  The tumor site that was previously radiated has progressed.
    
                   -  A baseline biopsy of the tumor site is obtained following progression and prior
                      to study entry.
    
             10. ECOG performance status 0-2.
    
             11. Subjects with brain metastases may participate if all of the following are true:
    
                   -  There has been no evident growth of any brain metastasis since the most recent
                      treatment
    
                   -  No brain metastasis is > 2 cm in diameter at the time of registration.
    
                   -  Neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline,
    
                   -  There is no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases,
    
                   -  Subjects are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to registration.
                      Regardless of dose, however, subjects who are on a steroid taper for management
                      of brain metastases are not eligible until 7 days after completion of that
                      steroid taper.
    
                   -  Brain metastases will not be targeted for FUSA treatment.
    
             12. Adequate organ function
    
             13. Ability and willingness to give informed consent.
    
            Exclusion Criteria:
    
            A subject will be excluded from participating in the trial if the subject:
    
              1. Has received the following medications or treatments at any time within 3 weeks of
                 study day 1:
    
                   1. Immune therapies including:
    
                        -  interferon (e.g. Intron-A®),
    
                        -  checkpoint blockade therapies other than anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies,
    
                        -  antibodies to costimulatory molecules (e.g. CD27, CD137),
    
                        -  small molecule immune therapies (e.g. IDO1 inhibitor)
    
                   2. Cytotoxic chemotherapy for cancer
    
              2. Has received the following medications or treatments at any time within 4 weeks of
                 study day 1:
    
                   1. Radiation therapy (Note: Stereotactic radiotherapy, such as gamma knife, can be
                      used ≥ 1 week prior to registration)
    
                   2. Allergy desensitization injections
    
                   3. High doses of systemic corticosteroids, with the following qualifications and
                      exceptions:
    
                        -  Daily doses of 10 mg or less prednisone (or equivalent) per day administered
                           parenterally or orally are allowed in patients with normal adrenal and
                           pituitary function.
    
                        -  In patients with adrenal or pituitary insufficiency replacement steroid
                           doses are allowed.
    
                        -  Inhaled steroids (e.g.: Advair®, Flovent®, Azmacort®) are permitted at low
                           doses (less than 500 mcg fluticasone per day, or equivalent)
    
                        -  Topical and nasal corticosteroids are acceptable.
    
                   4. Growth factors (e.g. Procrit®, Aranesp®, Neulasta®)
    
                   5. Interleukins (e.g. Proleukin®)
    
                   6. Any investigational medication
    
                   7. Targeted therapies specific for mutated BRAF or for MEK
    
                   8. Live vaccine
    
              3. Has a known addiction to alcohol or drugs and is actively taking those agents, or has
                 recently (within 1 year) taken these agents or has ongoing illicit IV drug use.
    
              4. Is HIV positive or has evidence of active Hepatitis B or C virus (testing to be done
                 within 6 months of study entry).
    
              5. Is currently receiving nitrosoureas or has received this therapy within the preceding
                 6 weeks
    
              6. Is pregnant or breastfeeding. Female participants of childbearing potential must have
                 a negative pregnancy test obtained within 2 weeks prior to registration. Males and
                 females must agree, in the consent form, to use effective birth control methods during
                 the course of treatment and following treatment in accordance with the labeling
                 guidelines for each approved therapy.
    
              7. Has a medical contraindication or potential problem in complying with the requirements
                 of the protocol in the opinion of the investigator.
    
              8. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    
              9. Has Class III or IV heart disease as classified according to the New York Heart
                 Association.
    
             10. Has had prior autoimmune disorders requiring cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy,or
                 autoimmune disorders with visceral involvement. Participants with an active autoimmune
                 disorder requiring these therapies are also excluded.
    
                 Note: The following are not exclusionary:
    
                   -  The presence of laboratory evidence of autoimmune disease (e.g. positive ANA
                      titer) without symptoms
    
                   -  Clinical evidence of vitiligo
    
                   -  Other forms of depigmenting illness
    
                   -  Mild arthritis requiring NSAID medications
    
                   -  A history of immune-related adverse events with immune therapy, if the
                      immune-related adverse events have resolved completely.
    
             11. History of another cancer
    
                 Note: the following diagnoses are exceptions and are permitted as long as they have
                 been treated successfully and without clinical evidence of disease:
    
                   -  Any cancer that has been treated successfully, without evidence of subsequent
                      recurrence or metastasis for over 5 years
    
                   -  Any cancer without distant metastasis that has been treated successfully, without
                      evidence of recurrence or metastasis for over 2 years
    
                   -  Squamous cell cancer of the skin without known metastasis
    
                   -  Basal cell cancer of the skin without known metastasis
    
                   -  Carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS or LCIS)
    
                   -  Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    
             12. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current
                 evidence of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:All
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:To assess the safety and toxicity of FUSA administered alone or in combination with PD-1 antibody blockade.
    Time Frame:30 days after the last study intervention
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Incidence and severity of adverse events and incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs).

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:To estimate the proportion of patients with increased CD8+ T cell infiltration, after spot FUSA, in untreated metastasis, when available.
    Time Frame:Day 43 (cohort 1) or Day 36 (cohort 2)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Proportion of participants achieving at least a 2-fold increase in CD8+ T cell infiltration per mm2

    Details

    Phase:Phase 1
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:Craig L Slingluff, Jr

    Trial Keywords

    • Echopulse
    • Focused Ultrasound Ablation
    • FUSA
    • imiquimod
    • Aldara
    • Pembrolizumab
    • Keytruda
    • Atezolizumab
    • Tecentriq

    Last Updated

    November 21, 2019