Clinical Trials /

ESK981 and Nivolumab for the Treatment of Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer

NCT04159896

Description:

This phase II trial studies the side effects of ESK981 and nivolumab and to see how well they work for the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). ESK981 is an investigational drug that targets several important pathways that are believed to play a role in the spread of cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This study is being done to see if giving ESK981 and nivolumab together works better in treating metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer compared to usual treatments.

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: ESK981 and Nivolumab for the Treatment of Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer
  • Official Title: Phase II Multi-Center Trial of ESK981 in Combination With Nivolumab in Patients With Metastatic Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2019-031
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA022453
  • NCT ID: NCT04159896

Conditions

  • Castration Levels of Testosterone
  • Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma
  • Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma
  • Prostate Carcinoma Metastatic in the Bone
  • Stage IVB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Pan-VEGFR/TIE2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor CEP-119814H-Indazolo(5,4-a)pyrrolo(3,4-C)carbazol-4-one, 2,5,6,11,12,13-Hexahydro-2-methyl-11-(2-methylpropyl)-8-(2-pyrimidinylamino), 856691-93-5, BOL-303213X, CEP 11981, ESK981Treatment (ESK981, nivolumab)
Nivolumab946414-94-4, BMS-936558, MDX-1106, NIVO, ONO-4538, OpdivoTreatment (ESK981, nivolumab)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies the side effects of ESK981 and nivolumab and to see how well they work for the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). ESK981 is an investigational drug that targets several important pathways that are believed to play a role in the spread of cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This study is being done to see if giving ESK981 and nivolumab together works better in treating metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer compared to usual treatments.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the prostate specific antigen (PSA) >= 50% response rate (PSA50) from
      baseline using the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria to
      pan-VEGFR/TIE2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor CEP-11981 (ESK981) plus nivolumab in men with
      metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have progressed on enzalutamide
      (an oral androgen-receptor inhibitor) and/or abiraterone acetate (an androgen synthesis
      inhibitor) and chemotherapy (docetaxel and/or cabazitaxel).

      II. To assess the safety and tolerability of ESK981 plus nivolumab.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the time to PSA response (TTPR) in patients with mCRPC. II. To determine the
      duration of PSA response (PRD) in patients with mCRPC. III. To determine PSA progression
      rates as defined by the PCWG3 criteria. IV. To determine PSA progression free survival (PPFS)
      as defined by the PCWG3 criteria.

      CORRELATIVE/EXPLORATORY/TERTIARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To assess exploratory biomarkers from blood and tumor biopsies.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients receive ESK981 orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 5 consecutive days per week, followed
      by a 2-day break. Patients also receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) on day 1 of each cycle.
      Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 5 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (ESK981, nivolumab)ExperimentalPatients receive ESK981 PO QD for 5 consecutive days per week, followed by a 2-day break. Patients also receive nivolumab IV on day 1 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Pan-VEGFR/TIE2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor CEP-11981
  • Nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Eastern Cooperative Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1

          -  Recovery to baseline or =< grade 1 Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
             (CTCAE) version (v.)5 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless adverse
             event (AE)(s) are clinically non-significant and/or stable on supportive therapy

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 K/mm^3

          -  Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL

          -  Platelets (Plt) >= 100,000/mm^3

          -  Serum creatinine =< 1.5 times the upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance > 30
             mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN with known hepatic
             metastases)

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN with known hepatic metastases)

          -  Prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) levels =< 1.5 x
             ULN (If patient is receiving anticoagulation that is expected to alter these levels,
             should be in targeted therapeutic range for that agent)

          -  Patient must have progressive disease while receiving androgen deprivation therapy
             (ADT) defined by any one of the following as per the PCWG3 criteria for PSA,
             measurable or non-measurable (bone) disease and must have a castrate serum
             testosterone level (i.e. =< 50 ng/dL) at screening:

               -  PSA: At least two consecutive rises in serum PSA, obtained at a minimum of 1-week
                  intervals, with the final value >= 2.0 ng/mL

               -  Measurable disease (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]
                  1.1): >= 20% increase (with an absolute increase of at least 5 mm) in the sum of
                  diameters of all measurable lesions or the development of one or more new
                  lesions. The short axis of a target lymph node must be more than 15 mm to be
                  assessed for change in size

               -  Non-measurable (bone) disease: The appearance of two or more new areas of uptake
                  on bone scan consistent with metastatic disease compared to previous imaging
                  during castration therapy. The increased uptake of pre-existing lesions on bone
                  scan will not be taken to constitute progression, and ambiguous results must be
                  confirmed by other imaging modalities (e.g. X-ray, computed tomography [CT] or
                  magnetic resonance imaging [MRI])

          -  Metastatic prostate cancer (M1) as documented by appropriate medical imaging (i.e.
             CT-Scan, positron emission tomography [PET] scan or bone scan)

          -  Progression on a hormonal agent (abiraterone/enzalutamide) and on a chemotherapy agent
             (docetaxel and/or cabazitaxel) in the metastatic castration resistant setting as per
             PCWG3 criteria

          -  Progression on chemotherapy (e.g. docetaxel, cabazitaxel) in the metastatic castration
             resistant setting. Progression of disease within 6 months of completing docetaxel in
             the metastatic castrate-sensitive setting is acceptable

          -  Have signed an informed consent document indicating that the subject understands the
             purpose of and procedures required for the study and are willing to participate in the
             study

          -  Be willing and able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in this
             protocol

          -  Willingness to use contraception by a method that is deemed effective by the
             investigator throughout the treatment period and for at least 30 days following the
             last dose of therapy

          -  Willingness and ability to comply with study procedures and follow-up examination

          -  Able to swallow and retain oral medication

          -  Willingness and ability to undergo mandatory tumor biopsy at baseline and at the cycle
             3 visit

          -  Willingness and ability to undergo mandatory whole blood sample collections at
             baseline, weeks 2-4 in the first cycle, and then monthly

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Systemic therapy (other than a gonadotrophin releasing hormone [GnRH]
             agonist/antagonist) for CRPC within the past two weeks from cycle 1/day 1 including:

               -  CYP-17 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, abiraterone)

               -  Antiandrogens (e.g. bicalutamide, nilutamide)

               -  Second generation antiandrogens (e.g. enzalutamide, ARN-509, galeterone)

               -  Immunotherapy (e.g. sipuleucel-T, ipilimumab)

               -  Chemotherapy (e.g. docetaxel, cabazitaxel)

          -  Prior radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g. radium-223, strontium-89, samarium-153, etc.)
             within the past year

          -  Have any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the
             well-being of the subject or the study or prevent the subject from meeting or
             performing study requirements

          -  The patient is currently on warfarin or heparin therapy

          -  The patient has any pre-existing coagulopathy, recent hemoptysis, gross hematuria or
             gastrointestinal bleeding

          -  The patient has a history of a clinically significant cardiovascular or
             cerebrovascular event within 3 months prior to study entry

          -  The patient has uncontrolled hypertension defined as a blood pressure measurement
             greater than 150 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic with medication

          -  The patient has previously been enrolled in the study or received ESK981

          -  The patient has known hypersensitivity to gelatin or lactose monohydrate

          -  The patient has taken a medication known to be a potent inducer of CYP1A2, CYP2C8, or
             CYP3A4 within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug

          -  Prior treatment with anti-PD/PD-L1/CTLA4/IDO antibody

          -  Untreated brain metastases or spinal cord compression

          -  Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 6 weeks prior to study
             registration. (> 6 weeks prior to registration is permitted as long as they have fully
             recovered from any such procedure)

          -  History of another primary malignancy except for: malignancy treated with curative
             intent and no known active disease for >= 5 years, adequately treated non-melanoma
             skin cancer without evidence of disease, adequately treated carcinoma in situ without
             evidence of disease

          -  Angina, myocardial infarction symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular
             accident, transient ischemic attack, arterial embolism, pulmonary embolism,
             percutaneous angioplasty or Coronary arterial bypass surgery within the past 3 months

          -  The patient has received any investigational drug within 28 days prior to registration
             or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is sooner
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Prostate specific antigen (PSA) >= 50% response rate (PSA50)
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will assess PSA decline of >= 50% from baseline (PSA50), using the Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria. 1-sided Wilson type 90% lower confidence interval (CI) estimates will be calculated.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Time to PSA response (TTPR)
Time Frame:From treatment start until the first documented occurrence of PSA50, assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive statistics of TTPR will be used to summarize the time to PSA response. These descriptives will include N, median, mean, standard deviation (SD), interquartile range (IQR), minimum, and maximum.
Measure:Duration of PSA response (PRD)
Time Frame:From start of PSA50 until PSA progression, assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The censored distributions will be summarized with the Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survivorship estimate. A graph of the K-M curve will be generated along with the Hall-Wellner 90% confidence band, and a display of the number of patients at risk at several time points, below the X-axis. Summary statistics (6-month rate, 12-month rate, median, etc.) will be calculated from the K-M life table, each one with its respective 80% CI.
Measure:PSA progression free survival (PPFS)
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:PSA progression rates will be estimated from the PSA-only PFS distribution. PSA progression is defined as the date that a 25% or greater increase and an absolute increase of 2.0 ng/mL or more from the nadir is documented and confirmed by a second value obtained 3 or more weeks later. Where no decline from baseline is documented, PSA progression is defined as a 25% increase from the baseline value along with an increase in absolute value of 2.0 ng/mL or more after 8 weeks. The censored distributions will be summarized with the K-M survivorship estimate. A graph of the K-M curve will be generated along with the Hall-Wellner 90% confidence band, and a display of the number of patients at risk at several time points, below the X-axis. Summary statistics (6-month rate, 12-month rate, median, etc.) will be calculated from the K-M life table, each one with its respective 80% CI.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

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