Clinical Trials /

Pevonedistat, Azacitidine, and Venetoclax for the Treatment of Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

NCT04172844

Description:

This is a phase Ib study with a 3 + 3 dose escalation design followed by a dose-expansion phase.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising from Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Therapy-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pevonedistat, Azacitidine, and Venetoclax for the Treatment of Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Official Title: A Multisite Phase Ib Study of Pevonedistat, Azacitidine, and Venetoclax (PAVE) for the Treatment of Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: PRO36496
  • NCT ID: NCT04172844

Conditions

  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Azacitidine5 AZC, 5-AC, 5-Azacytidine, 5-AZC, Azacytidine, Azacytidine, 5-, Ladakamycin, Mylosar, U-18496, VidazaDose Expansion Phase
VenetoclaxABT-0199, ABT-199, ABT199, GDC-0199, RG7601, Venclexta, VenclyxtoDose Expansion Phase
PevonedistatMLN4924, Nedd8-Activating Enzyme Inhibitor MLN4924Dose Expansion Phase

Purpose

This is a phase Ib study with a 3 + 3 dose escalation design followed by a dose-expansion phase.

Detailed Description

      The study hypothesis is that the combination of pevonedistat, azacitidine, and venetoclax
      will be effective, safe, and well tolerated in patients with AML.

      The primary objective of this portion of the study is to determine a recommended phase 2 dose
      (RP2D) of pevonedistat, azacitidine, and venetoclax. The investigators will use a variation
      of the 3+3 design where both escalation and de-escalation are possible. A minimum of nine and
      a maximum of 24 subjects will be needed for the phase 1 part of the study (dose-escalation
      phase). The dose limiting toxicity (DLT) observation period for dose escalation will be
      during cycle 1.

      Prior to enrolling patients at the next applicable dose level, all patients must complete the
      DLT period of the current dose level. The Data Safety Monitoring Committee will review the
      results of each dose level before the next applicable dose level opens for enrollment.

      Dose Expansion Phase

      The primary objective of this portion of the study is to confirm the feasibility and
      tolerance of the combination of pevonedistat, azacitidine, and venetoclax in patients with
      AML. Given that the dose-escalation phase described above will be able to establish the RP2D,
      the dose-expansion phase will employ this dose. In addition to relapsed/refractory AML
      patients, newly diagnosed AML patients can also be included in this phase to assess the
      feasibility and tolerance of this combination regimen.

      A minimum of six patients will be enrolled in the dose-expansion phase, which could be
      expanded based on the safety and tolerability.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pevonedistat Dose EscalationExperimentalThis study uses a varied 3 + 3 design. Three patients will be started at a dose of 10 mg/m^2 days 1, 3 and 5. If no DLTs are observed in the first 3 participants, then a new cohort will be enrolled at the next planned dose level of 15 mg/m^2 days 1, 3 and 5. If two out of three subjects experience a DLT, then they will de-escalate one dose level. If one subject in three experiences a DLT, then expand up to three subjects at 20 mg/m^2 day 1, 3 and 5. If two out of six subjects experience a DLT, de-escalate one level. All subjects will receive Azacitidine and Venetoclax at the indicated dosages and timing.
  • Azacitidine
  • Venetoclax
  • Pevonedistat
Dose Expansion PhaseExperimentalPatients will receive the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) identified from dose-escalation phase.
  • Azacitidine
  • Venetoclax
  • Pevonedistat

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study-related
             procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may
             be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

          -  Male or female subjects 18 years or older.

          -  Patients must have a diagnosis of morphologically documented AML or secondary AML
             [from prior conditions, such as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), or therapy-related AML
             (t-AML), as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.

          -  During the dose-escalation phase, only subjects with relapsed/refractory AML will be
             eligible.

          -  During the expansion phase, subjects with relapsed/refractory AML will be eligible OR
             subjects with newly diagnosed AML unable or unwilling to receive intensive induction
             chemotherapy will be eligible.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2.

          -  Clinical laboratory values within the following parameters:

          -  Albumin >2.7 g/dL.

          -  Total bilirubin ≤ institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). Patient with total
             bilirubin > ULN may enroll if direct bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional ULN of the direct
             bilirubin.

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 ×
             institutional ULN.

          -  Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula).

          -  White blood cell (WBC) count < 25,000/μL before administration of pevonedistat on
             cycle 1 day 1. (Note: Hydroxyurea may be used to meet this criterion.)

          -  Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.5 institutional ULN.

          -  Female subjects who:

          -  Are postmenopausal for at least one year before the screening visit, OR

          -  Are surgically sterile, OR

          -  If they are of childbearing potential:

          -  Agree to practice one highly effective method and one additional effective (barrier)
             method of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed
             consent through four months after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms
             should not be used together), OR

          -  Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual
             lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation,
             symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational
             amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception).

          -  Male subjects, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status postvasectomy), who:

          -  Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment
             period from the time of signing the informed consent through and through four months
             after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms should not be used
             together), OR

          -  Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual
             lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation,
             symptothermal, post-ovulation methods for the female partner] withdrawal, spermicides
             only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception.)

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Acute promyelocytic leukemia.

          -  Extramedullary only relapse AML.

          -  Treatment with systemic antineoplastic therapy or radiation within 14 days before the
             study enrollment. The use of hydroxyurea for leukoreduction is permitted. Subjects
             must have recovered from the side effects of prior therapy per treating physician
             discretion.

          -  Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HCT) within 100 days of enrollment, or
             evidence of veno-occlusive disease (VOD) at any time post-transplant, or active acute
             graft-versus-host disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive therapy.

          -  Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion,
             potentially interfere with the completion of study procedures.

          -  Current systemic treatment with strong or moderate cytochrome P3A (CYP3A) inducers
             within seven days prior to enrollment.

          -  Any evidence of spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome (TLS).

          -  Active, significant, uncontrolled infection or severe infectious disease requiring
             therapy (bacterial, viral or fungal) as per the discretion of the treating physician.

          -  Presence of another active malignancy (requiring treatment) diagnosed within 12 months
             with the exception of

          -  adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer.

          -  adequately treated melanoma grade 2 or less.

          -  cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

          -  adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri or carcinoma in situ of
             breast.

          -  basal cell carcinoma of the skin or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

          -  adequately treated prostate cancer.

          -  Life-threatening illness with life expectancy < 6 months unrelated to cancer.

          -  Known HIV positive patients who do not meet the following criteria:

          -  Cluster of differentiation (CD4) count > 350 cells/mm^3.

          -  Undetectable viral load.

          -  Maintained on modern therapeutic regimens utilizing non-cytochrome (CYP)-interactive
             agents.

          -  No history of AIDS-defining opportunistic infections.

          -  Known hepatitis B surface antigen seropositive or known or suspected active hepatitis
             C infection.

        Note: Patients who have isolated positive hepatitis B core antibody (i.e., in the setting
        of negative hepatitis B surface antigen and negative hepatitis B surface antibody) must
        have an undetectable hepatitis B viral load. Patients who have positive hepatitis C
        antibody may be included if they have an undetectable hepatitis C viral load.

          -  Known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment

          -  Known cardiopulmonary disease defined as:

          -  Unstable angina.

          -  Congestive heart failure [New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV].

          -  Myocardial infarction (MI) within six months prior to enrollment (subjects who had
             ischemic heart disease such as a (ACS), MI, and/or revascularization greater than six
             months before screening and who are without cardiac symptoms may enroll).

          -  Symptomatic cardiomyopathy.

          -  Clinically significant pulmonary hypertension requiring pharmacologic therapy.

          -  Clinically significant arrhythmia.

          -  History of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes.

          -  Permanent atrial fibrillation [a fib], defined as continuous a fib for ≥ 6 months.

          -  Persistent a fib, defined as sustained a fib lasting > 7 days and/or requiring
             cardioversion in the four weeks before screening.

          -  Grade 3 a fib defined as symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically, or
             controlled with device (e.g., pacemaker), or ablation and

          -  Patients with paroxysmal a fib or < Gr 3 a fib for period of at least six months are
             permitted to enroll provided that their rate is controlled on a stable regimen.

          -  Subject has chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen, or
             significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic,
             immunologic, hepatic, cardiovascular disease, or any other medical condition that in
             the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participating in this
             study.

          -  Treatment with any investigational products, other than the study drugs, within 14
             days before the study enrollment or during the study period.

          -  Uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e., systolic blood pressure > 180 mm Hg, diastolic
             blood pressure > 95 mm Hg).

          -  Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval ≥ 500 msec, calculated as per institutional
             guidelines.

          -  Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as assessed by echocardiogram or
             radionuclide angiography.

          -  Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder.

          -  Known moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung
             disease, and pulmonary fibrosis.

          -  Major surgery within 14 days before the enrollment or a scheduled major surgery during
             study period.

          -  Known central nervous system (CNS) involvement with AML.

          -  Gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease that causes an inability to take oral medications,
             malabsorption syndrome, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled
             inflammatory GI disease (e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis).

          -  Female subjects who are both lactating and breastfeeding or of childbearing potential
             who have a positive serum test during screening.

          -  Female subjects who intend to donate eggs (ova) during the course of this study or
             four months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).

          -  Male subjects who intend to donate sperm during the course of this study or four
             months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).

          -  Has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade
             containing Seville oranges) or star fruit from the day of consent to throughout the
             study period.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Recommended phase 2 dose of pevonedistat when co-administered with azacitidine and venetoclax in patients with AML.
Time Frame:Up to 28 days (one cycle) for each dosing cohort.
Safety Issue:
Description:The maximum-tolerated dose is defined as the highest dose level at which none of the first three treated subjects, or no more than one of the first six treated subjects, experiences a dose-limiting toxicity.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Complete Remission Rate
Time Frame:Up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of subjects who achieve complete remission. Complete remission is defined as follows: Bone marrow blasts <5 percent; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; absolute neutrophil count >1.0 x 10^9/L (1000/μL); platelet count >100 x 10^9/L (100,000/μL); independence of red cell transfusions.
Measure:Complete Remission with Partial Hematological Recovery
Time Frame:Up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of subjects who achieve complete remission with partial hematological recovery. Complete Remission with Partial Hematological Recovery is defined as: Complete remission with partial hematological recovery (CRh) defined as: <5% blasts in the bone marrow. No evidence of disease. Partial recovery of peripheral blood counts. Platelets >50,000/microliter and absolute neutrophil counts >500/microliter.
Measure:Partial Remission Marrow
Time Frame:Up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of subjects who achieve partial remission marrow. Partial Remission Marrow is defined as: Decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5 to 15%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.
Measure:Morphologic Leukemia Free State
Time Frame:Up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of patients who achieve morphologic leukemia free state. Morphologic Leukemia Free State is defined as: Bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; no hematologic recovery required.
Measure:Complete Remission without Minimal Residual Disease
Time Frame:Up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of patients who achieve CR without minimal residual disease. Complete Remission without Minimal Residual Disease is defined as: CR with negativity for a genetic marker by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), or CR with negativity by MFC.
Measure:Duration of response to pevonedistat, azacitidine, and venetoclax combination therapy.
Time Frame:Time from response to relapse, assessed up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:The length of time that a patient responds to treatment without progressive disease.
Measure:Event-free Survival (EFS)
Time Frame:Time from initiation of treatment to relapse, death or last follow-up, assessed up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier method will be used to determine the EFS. EFS will be defined from the time of achievement of CR/Cri to the time of next relapse/progression/death.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Time from initiation of treatment to death or last follow-up, assessed up to five years.
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier method will be used to determine the OS, which is defined from the time of initiation of treatment until death due to any cause.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Ehab L Atallah

Trial Keywords

  • leukemia
  • acute myeloid leukemia

Last Updated

February 7, 2020