Clinical Trials /

Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Enzalutamide Plus Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) Versus Placebo Plus Enzalutamide Plus ADT in Participants With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer (mHSPC) (MK-3475-991/KEYNOTE-991)

NCT04191096

Description:

This study will assess the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide plus ADT versus placebo plus enzalutamide plus ADT in participants with mHSPC. The primary hypothesis is that in participants with mHSPC, the combination of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide plus ADT is superior to placebo plus enzalutamide plus ADT with respect to 1) radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) and 2) overall survival (OS).

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Enzalutamide Plus Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) Versus Placebo Plus Enzalutamide Plus ADT in Participants With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer (mHSPC) (MK-3475-991/KEYNOTE-991)
  • Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind Trial of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Enzalutamide Plus ADT Versus Placebo Plus Enzalutamide Plus ADT in Participants With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer (mHSPC) (KEYNOTE-991)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 3475-991
  • SECONDARY ID: 2019-003633-41
  • SECONDARY ID: MK-3475-991
  • SECONDARY ID: KEYNOTE-991
  • NCT ID: NCT04191096

Conditions

  • Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKEYTRUDA®, MK-3475Pembrolizumab + Enzalutamide + ADT
EnzalutamideXTANDI®Pembrolizumab + Enzalutamide + ADT

Purpose

This study will assess the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide plus ADT versus placebo plus enzalutamide plus ADT in participants with mHSPC. The primary hypothesis is that in participants with mHSPC, the combination of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide plus ADT is superior to placebo plus enzalutamide plus ADT with respect to 1) radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) and 2) overall survival (OS).

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Pembrolizumab + Enzalutamide + ADTExperimentalStarting on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, participants receive 200 mg pembrolizumab IV every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles (approximately 2 years), plus 160 mg enzalutamide taken orally once daily, while maintaining continuous ADT with a luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or antagonist during study treatment. Participants will continue to receive enzalutamide and ADT until criteria for discontinuation are met.
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Enzalutamide
Placebo + Enzalutamide + ADTPlacebo ComparatorStarting on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle, participants receive placebo IV Q3W for up to 35 cycles (approximately 2 years), plus 160 mg enzalutamide taken orally once daily, while maintaining continuous ADT with a LHRH agonist or antagonist during study treatment. Participants will continue to receive enzalutamide and ADT until criteria for discontinuation are met.
  • Enzalutamide

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Male participants with histologically- or cytologically-confirmed adenocarcinoma of
             the prostate without small cell histology

          -  Has metastatic disease assessed by investigator and verified by BICR by either ≥2 bone
             lesions on bone scan and/or visceral disease by computed tomography/magnetic resonance
             imaging (CT/MRI)

          -  Willing to maintain continuous ADT with a LHRH agonists or antagonists during study
             treatment or have a history of bilateral orchiectomy

          -  Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 assessed
             within 10 days of randomization

          -  Participants receiving bone resorptive therapy (including, but not limited to,
             bisphosphonate or denosumab) must have been on stable doses prior to randomization

          -  Has adequate organ function

          -  Has provided newly obtained core or excisional biopsy (obtained within 12 months of
             screening) from soft tissue not previously irradiated (samples from tumors progressing
             in a prior site of radiation are allowed). Participants with bone only or bone
             predominant disease may provide a bone biopsy sample

          -  Male participants must agree to the following during the intervention period and for
             at least 120 days after the last dose of study intervention: Refrain from donating
             sperm PLUS either be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse and agree to remain
             abstinent OR agree to use contraception, unless confirmed to be azoospermic

          -  Male participants must agree to use male condom when engaging in any activity that
             allows for passage of ejaculate to another person of any sex

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment
             in the last 3 years

          -  Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy

          -  Has undergone major surgery including local prostate intervention (excluding prostate
             biopsy) within 28 days prior to randomization and not recovered adequately from the
             toxicities and/or complications

          -  Has a gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption or is unable to swallow
             tablets/capsules

          -  Has an active infection (including tuberculosis) requiring systemic therapy

          -  Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
             pneumonitis

          -  Has known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) or
             hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection

          -  Has known or suspected central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis

          -  Has a history of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure

          -  Has a history of loss of consciousness within 12 months of screening

          -  Has had myocardial infarction or uncontrolled angina within 6 months prior to
             randomization, or has New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart
             failure or a history of New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart
             failure

          -  Has hypotension (systolic blood pressure <86 millimeters of mercury [mmHg]) or
             uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >170 mmHg or diastolic blood
             pressure >105 mmHg) at the screening visit

          -  Has a history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias

          -  Has hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab and/or enzalutamide and/or any of their
             excipients

          -  Has received prior ADT as neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy for non-metastatic prostate
             cancer for >39 months in duration or within 9 months prior to randomization or with
             evidence of disease progression while receiving ADT

          -  Has had prior treatment with a next generation hormonal agent (eg, abiraterone,
             enzalutamide, apalutamide, darolutamide)

          -  Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death-1 (anti-PD-1),
             anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti PD-L2 agent or with an agent
             directed to another stimulatory or coinhibitory T-cell receptor

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization

          -  Has a "superscan" bone scan

          -  Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant

          -  Is expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the
             study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study
             treatment

          -  Has received any prior pharmacotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery for metastatic
             prostate cancer with the following exceptions:

               1. Up to 3 months of ADT or orchiectomy with or without concurrent first-generation
                  antiandrogens, if patient was not treated with docetaxel

               2. May have 1 course of palliative radiation or surgical therapy to treat symptoms
                  resulting from metastatic disease if it was administered at least 4 weeks prior
                  to randomization

               3. For participants with low volume metastatic disease, may have 1 course of
                  definitive radiotherapy if it was administered at least 4 weeks prior to
                  randomization

               4. Up to 6 cycles of docetaxel therapy with final treatment administration completed
                  within 2 months of randomization and no evidence of disease progression. In these
                  participants up to 6 months of ADT permitted
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Radiographic Progression-free Survival (rPFS) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:rPFS is defined as the time from randomization to radiographic progression, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. rPFS according to PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1 as assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review will be reported for each study arm.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Time to Initiation of the First Subsequent Anti-cancer Therapy or Death (TFST)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:TFST is defined as the time from randomization to initiation of the first subsequent anti-cancer therapy or death, whichever comes first. TFST will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Time to Symptomatic Skeletal-Related Event (TTSSRE)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:TTSSRE is defined as the time from randomization to the first Symptomatic Skeletal-Related Event (SSRE), defined as use of external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to prevent or relieve skeletal symptoms, occurrence of new symptomatic pathologic bone fracture (vertebral or nonvertebral), occurrence of spinal cord compression, or tumor-related orthopedic surgical intervention, whichever occurs first. TTSSRE will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Time to Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Progression
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to PSA progression is defined as the time from randomization to PSA progression. The PSA progression date is defined as the date of 1) ≥25% increase and ≥2 ng/mL above the nadir, confirmed by a second value ≥3 weeks later if there is PSA decline from baseline, or 2) ≥25% increase and ≥2 ng/mL increase from baseline beyond 12 weeks if there is no PSA decline from baseline. Time to PSA progression will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Time to Radiographic Soft Tissue Progression Per Soft Tissue Rules of Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to radiographic soft tissue progression is defined as the time from randomization to radiographic soft tissue progression, and will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Time to Pain Progression (TTPP) as Assessed by Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) Item 3 ("Worst Pain in 24 Hours") and Opiate Use
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:TTPP is defined as the time from randomization to pain progression. In this study, pain progression will be assessed by participant responses to Item 3 of the BPI-SF ("worst pain in 24 hours") and by participant opiate use, and will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Time from Randomization to Disease Progression as Determined by Investigator Assessment after Next-line of Therapy or Death from Any Cause, Whichever Occurs First (PFS2)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS2 is defined as the time from randomization to disease progression as determined by investigator assessment of radiological or clinical progression after next-line of therapy or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. PFS2 will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Response Rate
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PSA response rate is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population with PSA decline of ≥50% from baseline measured twice at least 3 weeks apart, and will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Undetectable Rate
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PSA undetectable rate is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population with PSA < 0.2 ng/mL during study intervention, and will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:ORR is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a best overall response of either confirmed CR or PR. ORR per PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1 as assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Duration of Response (DOR) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:DOR is defined as the time from the earliest date of first documented evidence of confirmed CR or PR until the earliest date of disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. DOR per PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1 as assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review will be reported for each study arm.
Measure:Number of Participants Who Experience an Adverse Event (AE)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study intervention. The number of participants who experience an AE will be reported for each arm.
Measure:Number of Participants Who Discontinue Study Treatment Due to an Adverse Event (AE)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 77 months
Safety Issue:
Description:An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study intervention. The number of participants who discontinue study treatment due to an AE will be reported for each arm.

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Trial Keywords

  • Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1),
  • Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)

Last Updated

April 17, 2020