This is a prospective, open-label, multi-arm exploratory study of pembrolizumab in
combination with pemetrexed or abemaciclib for the treatment of adult patients with newly
diagnosed high grade glioma. Patients having a clinically planned surgical procedure (biopsy
or cytoreduction) for a suspected diagnosis of high grade glioma will be approached for
participation in this study. Tumor tissue obtained from surgery will be used for histological
diagnosis and clinical molecular profiling, and excess tumor tissue may be collected for
potential correlative studies. A small sample of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for
research will also be collected.
Once a diagnosis of high grade glioma is confirmed, the patient will be allocated to either
Treatment Arm 1 (pembrolizumab + pemetrexed), or Treatment Arm 2 (pembrolizumab +
abemaciclib). Treatment will be started approximately 7-42 days following surgery once the
patient has recovered from surgery. Routine clinical evaluations will be performed prior to
treatment initiation and throughout treatment as clinically indicated. Radiographic brain
imaging will be performed approximately 21-42 after treatment initiation and then routinely
for medical management. Tumor response will be assessed according to immunotherapy Response
Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (iRANO) Working Group criteria.
Treatment may continue until the patient experiences unacceptable toxicity or clear disease
progression. The determination of whether to stop treatment due to disease progression will
be based on the investigator's evaluation of the patient's clinical and radiographic
condition, taking into consideration the interpretation of localized inflammatory responses
that can mimic radiographic features of tumor progress. Patients discontinuing treatment will
be directed by their treating physician to either receive a different treatment regimen
(e.g., standard radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy) or undergo a
clinically-indicated cytoreductive surgery. If another treatment is started, clinical
evaluations and response assessments will continue as clinically-indicated and blood and CSF
will be collected after the first month, then every three months.
Inclusion Criteria for ALL Arms:
1. Participant or their legal representative has the ability to provide informed consent.
2. Participant has the willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability
for the duration of the study.
3. Participant is being evaluated for a potential, or known, diagnosis of high grade
Note:Participant must have a diagnosis of high grade (WHO Grade III or IV) glioma
following brain surgery to proceed with study treatment.
4. Participant is a candidate for brain surgery.
5. Participant is male or female, ≥ 18 years of age.
6. Participant has a Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 60%.
7. Participant has adequate organ function:
1. ANC at least 1.5 x 10^9/L or greater.
2. Platelets at least 100 x 10^9/L or greater.
3. Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL or greater.
4. Total bilirubin 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or lower.
5. ALT and AST 3 x ULN or lower.
6. Serum creatinine 1.5 x ULN or lower.
Additional Inclusion Criteria for Arm 1 only:
1. Participant has the ability to interrupt nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS) 2
days before (5 days for long-acting NSAIDs), the day of, and 2 days following
administration of Pemetrexed.
2. Participant has the ability to take folic acid, Vitamin B12, and dexamethasone
according to protocol.
3. Creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min (calculated using standard Cockcroft and Gault
Additional Inclusion Criteria for Arm 1 only:
1. Participant is able to swallow oral medications.
Exclusion Criteria for ALL Arms:
1. Participant has received prior anti-cancer treatment for high-grade glioma.
2. Participant has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or active autoimmune disease.
3. Participant is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy in dosing exceeding 8 mg
daily of dexamethasone equivalent or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy
within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug. This is assessed after surgery,
prior to starting drug treatment.
4. Participant has received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose of
study agent. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to measles, mumps,
rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus
Calmette-Guérin (BCG), typhoid vaccine, and intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g.,
5. Participant has a severe or uncontrolled medical disorder that would, in the
investigator's opinion, impair ability to receive study intervention, including, but
not limited to:
1. Uncontrolled diabetes;
2. Renal disease that requires dialysis;
3. Pulmonary disorder requiring supplemental oxygen to keep saturation >95% and the
situation is not expected to resolve within 2 weeks;
4. Severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy;
5. Interstitial lung disease;
6. History of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel;
7. Preexisting Crohn's disease;
8. Ulcerative colitis;
9. Uncontrolled vasculitis and/or disease with known vasculitis;
10. Preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline Grade 2 or higher diarrhea;
11. Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
6. Participant has an active bacterial infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at
time of initiating study treatment, fungal infection, or detectable viral infection
(such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis
B or C).
7. Participant has a personal history or presence of any of the following cardiovascular
1. Syncope of cardiovascular etiology;
2. Ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin (including, but not limited to,
ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation);
3. Myocardial infraction within 6 months of investigational product administration;
4. Unstable angina;
5. Sudden cardiac arrest;
6. Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association classification ≥ 3).
8. Participant is a female of childbearing potential who is pregnant or nursing.
Additional Exclusion Criteria for Arm 1 only:
1. Participant has third space fluid which cannot be controlled by drainage. For patients
who develop or have baseline clinically significant pleural or peritoneal effusions
(on the basis of symptoms or clinical examination) before or during initiation of
pemetrexed therapy, consideration should be given to draining the effusion prior to
dosing. However, if, in the investigator's opinion, the effusion represents
progression of disease, the patient should be discontinued from study therapy.
2. Transaminases greater than 3.0 x ULN, except in presence of known hepatic metastasis,
wherein may be up to 5 x ULN.