Clinical Trials /

Durvalumab and Epacadostat for Treatment of Unresectable, Recurrent, or Metastatic Epstein-Barr Virus Positive Nasopharyngeal Cancer

NCT04231864

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well durvalumab and epacadostat work in treating patients with Epstein-Barr virus positive nasopharyngeal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), has come back (recurrent), or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Epacadostat blocks the enzyme, IDO1, from working. Blocking this enzyme may allow for a stronger immune response against cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body?s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving durvalumab and epacadostat may work better in treating patients with nasopharyngeal cancer compared to durvalumab alone.

Related Conditions:
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Durvalumab and Epacadostat for Treatment of Unresectable, Recurrent, or Metastatic Epstein-Barr Virus Positive Nasopharyngeal Cancer
  • Official Title: A Multi-Center, Phase II, Open Label, Single-Arm Trial of Durvalumab and Epacadostat in Patients With Unresectable, Recurrent, and Metastatic EBV+ NPC

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 18209
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2019-06736
  • NCT ID: NCT04231864

Conditions

  • Epstein-Barr Virus Positive
  • Metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
  • Stage III Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
  • Stage IVA Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
  • Stage IVB Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DurvalumabImfinzi, Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer, MEDI-4736, MEDI4736Treatment (durvalumab, epacadostat)
EpacadostatINCB 024360, INCB024360Treatment (durvalumab, epacadostat)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well durvalumab and epacadostat work in treating patients with Epstein-Barr virus positive nasopharyngeal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), has come back (recurrent), or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Epacadostat blocks the enzyme, IDO1, from working. Blocking this enzyme may allow for a stronger immune response against cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body?s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving durvalumab and epacadostat may work better in treating patients with nasopharyngeal cancer compared to durvalumab alone.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. Determine whether adding an IDO inhibitor to PD-L1 antibody therapy improves the
      probability of remission in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Determine whether adding an IDO inhibitor to PD-L1 antibody therapy improves long-term
      clinical outcomes in NPC.

      II. Determine whether the combination of durvalumab and epacadostat in recurrent and
      metastatic NPC patients is safe and well tolerated.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Identify potential associations between pre-treatment and on-treatment regulatory and
      effector immune cell populations and clinical outcomes in NPC patients treated with
      durvalumab and epacadostat.

      II. Characterize the oral and fecal microbiome in responding and non-responding patients.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1 and epacadostat orally
      (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days for 12 months in the absence
      of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression who are
      benefiting from treatment in the opinion of the principal investigator may continue
      durvalumab and epacadostat for up to an additional 12 months from the initiation (or
      re-initiation) of treatment on study.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months until start of a
      new anti-cancer treatment, until 30 days after documented disease progression, until death,
      or until 36 months from the initiation of treatment on study, whichever comes first.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (durvalumab, epacadostat)ExperimentalPatients receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1 and epacadostat orally (PO) twice a day (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days for 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression who are benefiting from treatment in the opinion of the principal investigator may continue durvalumab and epacadostat for up to an additional 12 months from the initiation (or re-initiation) of treatment on study.
  • Durvalumab
  • Epacadostat

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

          -  Life expectancy of at least 4 months

          -  Patient is capable of giving signed informed consent and is willing and able to comply
             with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and
             scheduled visits and examinations including follow up

          -  Body weight > 40 kilograms (kg)

          -  Patients must have a histological or cytological diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus
             positive (EBV+) nasopharyngeal carcinoma that is not amenable to curative intent
             therapy (i.e. surgical resection, locoregional radiation therapy, concurrent
             chemoradiation)

          -  Patients must decline, be ineligible or intolerant to at least 1 standard treatment
             regimen in the advanced or metastatic setting, if such a therapy exists

          -  Patients must have disease progression within 6 months of completion of platinum-based
             concurrent chemoradiation or after platinum-based chemotherapy administered for the
             treatment of recurrent or metastatic disease

          -  If patient has known brain metastases, they must have stable neurologic status for at
             least 4 weeks without the use of steroids or on stable or decreasing dose of =< 10 mg
             daily prednisone (or equivalent), and must be without neurologic dysfunction that
             would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events (AEs) (patients
             with a history of carcinomatous meningitis are not eligible)

          -  Patients may have had prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy or radiation therapy.
             Patients should discontinue prior medical therapy at least 5 drug half-lives or 28
             days prior to the first dose of treatment on study (whichever is shorter). Patients
             should complete any prior radiation therapy at least 14 days prior to the initiation
             of treatment on study. Also, any drug related adverse events identified during prior
             therapy must be well controlled (typically resolution to =< grade 1, OR resolved upon
             investigator review prior to initiation of this therapy

          -  No systemic antineoplastic therapy may be received by the patient between the time of
             the biopsy and the first administration of study treatment

          -  Patient must agree to any protocol mandated biopsies of tumor (deemed accessible, safe
             and appropriate for biopsy by the investigator?s assessment) and they must allow
             acquired tissue to be used for biomarker and immunological analysis

          -  For women of childbearing potential, negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14
             days to the first epacadostat, or durvalumab and use of birth control from 30 days
             prior to the first administration of treatment on study and 120 days following last
             day administration of treatment on study

          -  Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for
             female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have
             been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following
             age-specific requirements apply:

               -  Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been
                  amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal
                  treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone
                  levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical
                  sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)

               -  Women >= 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been
                  amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal
                  treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, had
                  chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, or underwent
                  surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or
                  hysterectomy)

          -  Male patients must be surgically sterile, or must agree to use contraception during
             the study and at least 120 days following the last day of study drug administration

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.
             Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form
             of systemic treatment

          -  Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including
             inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], systemic lupus
             erythematosus, sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with
             polyangiitis, rheumatoid arthritis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to
             this criterion:

               -  Patients with vitiligo or alopecia

               -  Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome or treated
                  Graves disease) stable on hormone replacement

               -  Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy

               -  Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only
                  after consultation with the study physician

          -  Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone

          -  Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III to IV)

          -  History or presence of an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) that, in the investigator's
             opinion, is clinically meaningful. Screening corrected QT (QTc) interval > 470
             milliseconds is excluded. In the event that a single QTc is > 470 milliseconds, the
             subject may enroll if the average QTc for the 3 ECGs is < 470 milliseconds. For
             subjects with an intraventricular conduction delay (QRS interval > 120 milliseconds),
             the corrected JT (JTc) interval may be used in place of the QTc with sponsor approval.
             The JTc must be < 340 milliseconds if JTc is used in place of the QTc. Subjects with
             left bundle branch block are excluded

          -  Uncontrolled or clinically significant conduction abnormalities (e.g., ventricular
             tachycardia on anti-arrhythmics are excluded), 1st degree atrioventricular (AV) block
             or asymptomatic left anterior fascicular block (LAFB)/right bundle branch block (RBBB)
             are eligible

          -  Uncontrolled, symptomatic ischemia within 6 months of first dose of study treatment or
             known myocardial infarction in the previous six months

          -  Evidence of interstitial lung disease or any history of autoimmune pneumonitis
             including symptomatic and/or pneumonitis requiring treatment

          -  Infectious

          -  Evidence of significant active infection (e.g., pneumonia, cellulitis, wound abscess,
             etc.) requiring systemic therapy at time of study enrollment

          -  Active hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) associated the
             aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevations > 1.5 x
             upper limit of normal (ULN). Patients who are HBsAg reactive must be on appropriate
             antiviral therapy while receiving treatment on study

          -  Hepatitis C (hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)

          -  Presence of a gastrointestinal condition that may affect drug absorption.
             Administration of epacadostat through a feeding tube is permitted

          -  Any other current or previous malignancy within the past 2 years that, in the opinion
             of the principal investigator will interfere with study-specific endpoints

          -  Any unresolved toxicity National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria
             for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade >= 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the
             exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion
             criteria

          -  Patients with grade >= 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after
             consultation with the study physician

          -  Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by
             treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the study
             physician

          -  History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

          -  Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical
             history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis (TB) testing
             in line with local practice)

          -  Hepatitis B ? Half of NPC patients have been infected with hepatitis B (Cancer
             Epidemol Biomarkers Prev. 2015. 24:1766-73, N = 711) and, therefore, inclusion of
             healthy patients with a history of hepatitis B is a central part of this study. In
             addition, PD-1 antibodies have been proven to be safe in patients with active
             hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (e. g. KEYNOTE 224). However, patients with
             hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen positive (HBSAg) must have AST and total
             bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN AND

          -  Negative HBV RNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) OR

          -  On antivirals for HBV AND at least 8 weeks of prior anti-PD1 antibody therapy AND no
             history of AST or total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN due to PD-1 antibody therapy

          -  Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase
             chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA

          -  Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) ? Consistent
             with current guidelines from the NCI / Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP), ?HIV
             infected patients on effective antiretroviral therapy with undetectable viral load
             within 6 months are eligible for this trial? (CTEP protocol template)

          -  Intercurrent illness not otherwise specified

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active
             infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable
             angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic
             gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social
             situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase
             risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written
             informed consent

          -  Patients receiving systemic steroid therapy for a chronic inflammatory condition.
             Topical steroids, nasal and inhaled steroids are permitted. Prednisone or equivalent
             =< 10 mg/day is permitted as hormone replacement; higher dosage prednisone should be
             stopped at least 14 days prior to cycle 1 day 1 (c1d1)

          -  Subjects receiving monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or drug which has significant
             MAOI activity (meperidine, linezolid, methylene blue) within the 21 days before
             screening

          -  Any history of serotonin syndrome (SS) after receiving serotonergic drugs

          -  Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug
             excipients

          -  Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study
             treatment. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following:
             measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
             (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally
             killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g.,
             FluMist) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed

          -  Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days (use 28 days if
             combining durvalumab with a novel agent) before the first dose of durvalumab, with the
             exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at
             physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent
             corticosteroid. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

               -  Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra
                  articular injection)

               -  Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed <<10 mg/day>> of
                  prednisone or its equivalent

               -  Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed
                  tomography [CT] scan premedication)

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.0 x 10^9/L

          -  Platelets < 75 x 10^9/L

          -  Hemoglobin < 9 g/dL or < 5.6 mmol/L (transfusion is acceptable to meet this criterion)

          -  Serum creatinine >= 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or
             calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate can also be used in place
             of creatinine or creatinine clearance (CrCl)) < 50 mg/min for subjects with creatinine
             levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN

          -  AST or ALT > 2.5 x institutional ULN

          -  Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 x ULN

               -  Note: Subjects with 1) bone metastases and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) <
                  2.5 x ULN may enroll if the alkaline phosphatase is < 5 x ULN

          -  Total bilirubin above 1.5 x the institutional ULN AND conjugated bilirubin >= 2.0 x
             ULN

          -  International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) > 1.5 x ULN

          -  Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) > 1.5 x ULN
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Best overall response rate (BORR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Patients will meet the primary endpoint (BORR) if they attain a confirmed complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) with the combination treatment with a 4-week confirmatory scan. All response data will be determined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. The point estimate and two-sided exact binomial 95% confidence interval for the objective response rate will be provided.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression free survival (PFS) is defined as the number of days from enrollment to progression (for subjects who have progression) and the number of days from enrollment to last assessment (for subjects who do not have progression). The distributions of PFS will be summarized using the Kaplan-Meier method. Estimates of the median PFS will also be provided.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival (OS) defined as the number of days from enrollment to death, or from enrollment to date last known alive. The distributions of OS will be summarized using the Kaplan-Meier method. Estimates of the median OS will also be provided.
Measure:Duration of response (DoR)
Time Frame:up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Duration of response (DoR) is defined as the time (in days) from randomization to progression (or death from any cause) in patients who had a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). The distributions of DoR will be summarized using the Kaplan-Meier method. Estimates of the median DoR will also be provided.
Measure:Biochemical Response to Treatment
Time Frame:Up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Biochemical Response to Treatment will be obtained by measuring the metabolic response of the IDO1 enzyme (Trp/Kyn levels). Levels of tryptophan and kynurenine will be evaluated by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry to monitor systemic activity in modulating the IDO1 enzyme
Measure:Biochemical Verification of Drug Efficacy
Time Frame:Up to 36 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Biochemically verified drug efficacy will be obtained by measuring the metabolic response of the IDO1 enzyme (Trp/Kyn levels). Levels of tryptophan and kynurenine will be evaluated by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry to monitor systemic activity in modulating the IDO1 enzyme

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Alain Algazi

Last Updated

January 14, 2020