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A Study of NIVO Plus IPI and Guadecitabine or NIVO Plus IPI in Melanoma and NSCLC Resistant to Anti-PD1/PDL1

NCT04250246

Description:

This is a run-in, randomized, non-comparative, phase II study designed according to a two stages optimal design by Simon. This phase II design will be preceded by a safety evaluation after the first cohort of 6 patients to preserve a high-grade of overlapping and/or unexpected toxicity rate. The study will assess the immune-objective response rate (iORR) (assessed using iRECIST criteria) of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab and guadecitabine or nivolumab combined with ipilimumab, in Melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients resistant to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. Immune biologic correlates to treatment will be assessed as exploratory endpoints.

Related Conditions:
  • Melanoma
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study of NIVO Plus IPI and Guadecitabine or NIVO Plus IPI in Melanoma and NSCLC Resistant to Anti-PD1/PDL1
  • Official Title: A Randomized, run-in, Multi-center, Phase II Study of Nivolumab Combined With Ipilimumab and Guadecitabine or Nivolumab Combined With Ipilimumab in Melanoma and NSCLC Patients Resistant to Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 (NIBIT-ML1)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NIBIT-ML1
  • NCT ID: NCT04250246

Conditions

  • Melanoma
  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Ipilimumab plus nivolumab plus guadecitabineipilimumab (Yervoy), nivolumab (Opdivo), guadecitabine (SGI-110)Ipilimuamb plus nivoluamb plus guadecitabine
Ipilimumab plus nivolumabipilimumab (Yervoy), nivolumab (Opdivo)Ipilimumab plus nivolumab

Purpose

This is a run-in, randomized, non-comparative, phase II study designed according to a two stages optimal design by Simon. This phase II design will be preceded by a safety evaluation after the first cohort of 6 patients to preserve a high-grade of overlapping and/or unexpected toxicity rate. The study will assess the immune-objective response rate (iORR) (assessed using iRECIST criteria) of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab and guadecitabine or nivolumab combined with ipilimumab, in Melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients resistant to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. Immune biologic correlates to treatment will be assessed as exploratory endpoints.

Detailed Description

      Epigenetic alterations play a pivotal role in cancer development and progression.
      Pharmacologic reversion of such alterations is feasible, second generation "epigenetic drugs"
      are in development and have demonstrated to possess significant immunomodulatory properties.
      This knowledge, together with the availability of new and highly effective immuno-therapeutic
      agents including immune check-point(s) blocking monoclonal antibodies, allows the
      investigators to plan for highly innovative proof-of-principle combination studies that will
      likely open the path to more effective anti-cancer therapies. Targeting immune check-point(s)
      with immunomodulatory monoclonal-antibodies is a novel and rapidly evolving strategy to treat
      cancer, that is rapidly spreading to different tumor histologies. The prototype approach of
      this therapeutic modality relies on the inhibition of negative signals delivered by CTLA-4
      expressed on T lymphocytes. CTLA-4 blockade has profoundly changed the therapeutic landscape
      of melanoma, significantly improving the survival of patients; however, objective clinical
      responses are limited, and only a minority of patients achieves long-term disease control.
      Therefore, several combination approaches are being explored to improve the efficacy of
      CTLA-4 blockade. The anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies, nivolumab and pembrolizumab, have
      significantly increased the survival of melanoma and NSCLC patients. Despite this
      unprecedented efficacy, a significant proportion of melanoma and NSCLC patients fails to
      respond (primary resistance) or develops secondary resistance to anti-PD-1 treatment over
      time. Therefore, identifying new mechanism(s) underlying treatment failure(s), and designing
      novel combination/sequencing therapeutic approaches to overcome primary/secondary resistance
      is mandatory to improve the overall efficacy of anti-PD-1 therapy. The investigators have
      first demonstrated that epigenetic immune-modeling of cancer cells represents a key hallmark
      of cancer, as it impairs functional host's immune recognition of malignant cells; on the
      other hand, the investigators have shown the potential of epigenetic drugs, including DNA
      hypomethylating agents (DHA), to sensitize tumor cells to emerging immunotherapies. Based on
      these pre-clinical in vitro and in vivo findings, the investigators have most recently
      promoted the clinical translation of the immunomodulatory potential of epigenetic drugs
      through highly-innovative, hypothesis-driven, clinical trials. Along this line, the ongoing,
      exploratory, Investigator Initiated Trial (IIT) phase Ib NIBIT-M4 study, has evaluated safety
      and immunobiologic activities of the epigenetic priming with the next generation DHA
      guadecitabine followed by CTLA-4 blockade in MM patients (NCT02608437). The results of
      NIBIT-M4 study support the notion that DHA represent ideal "partner drugs" to improve the
      therapeutic efficacy of immune-checkpoint blockade, including the foreseeable role in
      reverting resistance to treatment. The NIBIT-ML1 study will assess the therapeutic efficacy
      of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab and guadecitabine or nivolumab combined with
      ipilimumab, in metastatic melanoma and NSCLC patient with primary resistance to
      anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. Exploratory translational objectives will extensively investigate,
      on neoplastic cells, tumor microenveroinment and peripheral blood, immune-biologic correlates
      to treatment.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Ipilimuamb plus nivoluamb plus guadecitabineExperimentalipilimumab plus nivolumab combined with guadecitabine
  • Ipilimumab plus nivolumab plus guadecitabine
Ipilimumab plus nivolumabActive ComparatorIpilimumab plus nivolumab
  • Ipilimumab plus nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Target Population Melanoma cohort A

               1. Histologic diagnosis of malignant melanoma

               2. Unresectable Stage III/Stage IV melanoma patients with resistance to
                  anti-PD-1/PD-L1 and measurable lesions by CT or MRI per iRECIST/RECIST criteria
                  that can be amenable to biopsy

               3. Only one line of immunotherapy for advanced (unresectable Stage III or Stage IV)
                  disease with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 and its combinations; if BRAF mutant one line of
                  targeted therapy is allowed prior to anti-PD-1/PD-L1therapy.

          2. Target Population NSCLC cohort B

               1. Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of NSCLC lackingEGFR-sensitizing mutation
                  and/or ALK/ROS1 translocation.

               2. Stage IV NSCLC patients with primary resistance to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 and measurable
                  lesions by CT or MRI per iRECIST/RECIST criteria that can be amenable to biopsy.

               3. Only one line of immunotherapy for advanced (unresectable Stage III or Stage IV)
                  disease with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 or its combinations; one line of chemotherapy is
                  allowed prior to anti-PD-1/PDL-1 therapy.

          3. confirmed PD

          4. 4 weeks or greater since last treatment and

          5. Must have recovered from any acute toxicity associated with prior therapy

          6. Life expectancy greater than 16 weeks

          7. Subjects with adequate organ function defined as:

               1. WBC ≥3500/uL

               2. ANC ≥2000/uL

               3. Platelets ≥ 100 x 103/uL

               4. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL

               5. Creatinine < or <= 2.5 x ULN

               6. AST

                    -  < or <= 2.5 x ULN for patients without liver metastasis

                    -  < or <= 5 x ULN for patients with liver metastasis

               7. Bilirubin

                    -  < or <= 3 x ULN for patients with liver metastasis

                    -  <3.0 mg/mL for patients with Gilbert's Syndrome

                    -  1.5 x ULN for patients without liver metastasis

          8. Negative screening tests for HIV, HepB, and HepC. If positive results are not
             indicative of true active or chronic infection, the patient can enter the study after
             discussion and agreement between the Investigator and the Medical Monitor.

          9. Women of child-bearing potential must not be pregnant or breastfeeding, must have a
             negative pregnancy test at Screening and all men must be practicing two medically
             acceptable methods of birth control. Men should not father a child while receiving
             treatment with guadecitabine+ ipilimumab, and for 2 months following completion of
             treatment. Men with female partners of childbearing potential should use effective
             contraception during this time.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Sex and Reproductive Status

               1. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding;

               2. WOCBP who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method to avoid pregnancy
                  for the entire study period and for up to 23 weeks after the study;

               3. Women with a positive pregnancy test on enrollment or prior to investigational
                  product administration;

               4. Sexually active fertile men not using effective birth control if their partners
                  are WOCBP

          2. Target Disease Exceptions

               1. Any malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 2
                  years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell
                  skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix

               2. Primary ocular melanoma.

          3. Medical History and Concurrent Diseases

               1. Symptomatic brain metastases requiring immediate local intervention (radiotherapy
                  (RT) and/or surgery);

               2. Leptominingeal involvement by disease;

               3. Autoimmune disease: Patients with a documented history of Inflammatory Bowel
                  Disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are excluded from this
                  study as are patients with a documented history of symptomatic autoimmune disease
                  (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma],
                  Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's
                  Granulomatosis] and autoimmune hepatitis. Subjects with motor neuropathy
                  considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain-Barre Syndrome) are also excluded
                  from this study;

               4. Any underlying medical condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, will
                  make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of
                  adverse events, such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea.

          4. Prohibited Treatments and/or Therapies

               1. Concomitant therapy with any anti-cancer agent; immunosuppressive agents; any
                  non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up
                  to 1 month prior to or after any dose of study drug); surgery or radiotherapy
                  (except palliative surgery and/or radiotherapy to treat a non-target symptomatic
                  lesion or to the brain after Sponsor approval); other investigational anti-cancer
                  therapies; or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids (used in the management of
                  cancer or non-cancer-related illnesses);

               2. Previous treatment with other investigational products, including cancer
                  immunotherapy, within 30 days;

               3. Prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4, except in adjuvant setting Other Exclusion
                  Criteria

               1. Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated;

               2. Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or
                  physical (e.g., infectious disease) illness.

        Eligibility criteria for this study have been carefully considered to ensure the safety of
        the study subjects and to ensure that the results of the study can be used. It is
        imperative that subjects fully meet all eligibility criteria.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Immune-related Objective Response Rate (iORR)
Time Frame:24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Immune-related Objective Response Rate (iORR) is the proportion of treated subjects with an iBOR of confirmed iCR or confirmed iPR.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Safety of guadecitabine in combination with ipilimumab and nivolumab
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Reporting of safety, extent of exposure, concomitant medications and discontinuation of study therapy will be based on all treated subjects; for on-study laboratory test results, all treated subjects with at least one on-study laboratory measurement available will be included in the analysis. The reporting period for safety data will be from the date of first dose received on this study to 100 days after the last dose is received. Serious adverse events are reported from the time of consent forward for all subjects. All subjects who received at least one dose of study treatment will be evaluated for safety parameters
Measure:Obiective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Objective Response Rate (ORR) is the proportion of treated subjects with a BOR of CR or PR per RECIST 1.1.
Measure:Disease Control Rate (DCR)
Time Frame:24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease Control Rate (DCR) is the proportion of treated subjects with a BOR of confirmed CR, confirmed PR or SD, based on RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST.
Measure:Duration of response (DoR)
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Duration of Response (DoR) for the subjects whose BOR is CR or PR will be defined as the time between the date of response of confirmed CR or confirmed PR (whichever occurs first) and the date of PD or death (whichever occurs first), based on RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST.
Measure:Time to response (TTR)
Time Frame:24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to Response (TTR) is defined as the time from first dosing date until the measurement criteria are first met for overall response of PR or CR (whichever status comes first, and provided it is subsequently confirmed), , based on RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST.
Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression free survival (PFS) per RECIST 1.1 and iRECISTwill be defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of progression and or confirmed PD (according to RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST) or death, whichever occurs first.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall Survival (OS) is defined as the time from randomization until the date of death. For those subjects who have not died, OS will be censored at the recorded last date of subject contact, and for subjects with a missing recorded last date of contact, OS will be censored at the last date the subject was known to be alive. Any efforts will be made to know the date of death.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Italian Network for Tumor Biotherapy Foundation

Trial Keywords

  • melanoma
  • NSCLC
  • ipilimumab
  • nivolumab
  • guadecitabine

Last Updated

January 29, 2020