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Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy With or Without Fulvestrant for the Treatment of HR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer With an ERS1 Activating Mutation, the INTERACT Study

NCT04256941

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant work when given together with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib in treating patients with hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and has an ERS1 activating mutation. Letrozole, anastrozole, ribociclib, palbociclib, and abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. It is not yet known if giving letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib will work better in treating patients with breast cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy With or Without Fulvestrant for the Treatment of HR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer With an ERS1 Activating Mutation, the INTERACT Study
  • Official Title: INTERACT- Integrated Evaluation of Resistance and Actionability Using Circulating Tumor DNA in HR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancers

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2018-0287
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2019-08825
  • SECONDARY ID: 2018-0287
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016672
  • NCT ID: NCT04256941

Conditions

  • Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Metastatic Breast Carcinoma
  • Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AbemaciclibLY-2835219, LY2835219, VerzenioArm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)
AnastrozoleAnastrazole, Arimidex, ICI D1033, ICI-D1033, ZD-1033Arm II (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, letrozole)
FulvestrantFaslodex, Faslodex(ICI 182,780), ICI 182,780, ICI 182780, ZD9238Arm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)
LetrozoleCGS 20267, FemaraArm II (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, letrozole)
Palbociclib6-Acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)-8h-pyrido(2,3-d)pyrimidin-7-one, Ibrance, PD 0332991, PD 332991, PD 991, PD-0332991Arm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)
RibociclibKisqali, LEE-011, LEE011Arm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant work when given together with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib in treating patients with hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and has an ERS1 activating mutation. Letrozole, anastrozole, ribociclib, palbociclib, and abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. It is not yet known if giving letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib will work better in treating patients with breast cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To assess progression free survival (PFS) with transition to fulvestrant compared with
      continuing aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy in patients with emergence of estrogen receptor 1
      (ESR1) mutations in plasma.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) ESR1 mutant allele fraction
      (MAF) and kinetics with fulvestrant compared with AI.

      II. To assess the prevalence of ESR1 mutations in patients with secondary resistance to
      endocrine therapy.

      III. To correlate ctDNA with cancer antigens (CA) 15-3 tumor marker changes. IV. To assess
      overall survival (OS) with transition to fulvestrant compared with continuing AI therapy in
      patients with emergence of ESR1 mutations.

      V. To assess PFS and time to next treatment (TTNT) on next line of therapy after progression
      on fulvestrant versus (vs.) AI in combination with CDKI.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Characterize other co-existing actionable genomic alterations of interest in relation to
      ESR1 and clinical outcomes.

      II. To determine frequency of other actionable genomic alterations and frequency of
      enrollment on genotype-matched therapy.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

      ARM I: Patients receive ribociclib orally (PO) once daily (QD), palbociclib PO QD on days
      1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Patients also receive fulvestrant
      intramuscularly (IM) for 2 injections over 1-2 minutes each on days 1 and 15 of cycle 1 and
      day 2 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression
      or unacceptable toxicity.

      ARM II: Patients receive ribociclib orally PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or
      abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD or anastrozole PO QD
      on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)ExperimentalPatients receive ribociclib PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive fulvestrant IM for 2 injections over 1-2 minutes each on days 1 and 15 of cycle 1 and day 2 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Abemaciclib
  • Fulvestrant
  • Palbociclib
  • Ribociclib
Arm II (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, letrozole)Active ComparatorPatients receive ribociclib orally PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD or anastrozole PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Abemaciclib
  • Anastrozole
  • Letrozole
  • Palbociclib
  • Ribociclib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L

          -  Platelets >= 50 x 10^9/L

          -  Hemoglobin (Hb) >= 9 g/dL

          -  Total serum bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dL

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x upper
             limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 x ULN in patients with liver metastases)

          -  Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN

          -  Activating ESR1 mutation (e.g. D538G, Y537S/N, S463P) identified on ctDNA. Novel ESR1
             alterations allowed as per discretion of principal investigator (PI)

          -  On AI with CDK4/6 inhibitor (palbociclib, ribociclib, or abemaciclib) as first line
             therapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) for at least 12 months without evidence of
             clinical progression

          -  Patients with histologically confirmed HR positive (estrogen receptor [ER] positive
             [+] and/or progesterone receptor [PR]+ [> 10%]), MBC

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Pregnant or lactating women

          -  Received prior therapy for MBC (except for AI use for up to 4 weeks prior to
             initiation of CDK4/6 inhibitor)

          -  Prior therapy with fulvestrant in the metastatic setting

          -  Corrected QT (QTc) interval > 480 msec, Brugada syndrome or known history of QTc
             prolongation or Torsade de Pointes

          -  Psychiatric illness which would limit informed consent

          -  Patients with de novo metastatic disease

          -  Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as: unstable
             angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction =< 6
             months prior to enrollment, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other
             clinically significant cardiac disease, active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled
             severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and
             active and chronic hepatitis (i.e. quantifiable hepatitis B virus [HBV]-DNA and/or
             positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HbsAg], quantifiable hepatitis C virus
             [HCV]-ribonucleic acid [RNA]), severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C)

          -  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral
             therapy

          -  Expected survival < 6 months

          -  Any serious medical illness, other than that treated by this study, which would limit
             survival to less than 1 month

          -  Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered
             potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study

          -  Patients who are currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation
             with an investigational drug within 1 month prior to dosing

          -  Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable
             of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective methods of contraception during the
             study and 8 weeks after the end of treatment. Highly effective contraception methods
             include combination of any two of the following: placement of an intrauterine device
             (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS); barrier methods of contraception: condom or
             occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal
             foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository; total abstinence or; male/female
             sterilization

          -  Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are WOCBP who are not willing to use adequate
             contraception, during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Survival curves for PFS will be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival difference across groups will be examined by log rank test. Will estimate the treatment comparison with 95% confidence intervals and p-value using Cox proportional hazards regression and we will assess the proportional hazard assumption using graphs of rescaled Schoenfeld residuals and related tests.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) ESR1 mutant allele fraction (MAF) and kinetics
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Graphical analysis, such as scatter plots with Lowess smoothers, will be used to assess the correlative structure of outcomes and compare MAF between fulvestrant and aromatase inhibitor-treated groups. The Pearson correlation, or its non-parametric analogue, the Spearman correlation, will be used to estimate the linear correlation among variables.
Measure:Prevalence of Emergence of Estrogen Receptor 1 (ESR1) mutations
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by the secondary resistance of endocrine therapy.
Measure:Changes in cancer antigens (CA) 15-3 tumor marker
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Will correlate ctDNA with CA 15-3 tumor marker changes.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Survival curves for OS will be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival difference across groups will be examined by log rank test. Will estimate the treatment comparison with 95% confidence intervals and p-value using Cox proportional hazards regression and we will assess the proportional hazard assumption using graphs of rescaled Schoenfeld residuals and related tests.
Measure:Time to next treatment
Time Frame:Up to 30 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed on next line of therapy after progression.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Last Updated

February 4, 2020