Clinical Trials /

Study Evaluating Sodium Selenite in Combination With Abiraterone in Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer Progressing on Abiraterone

NCT04296578

Description:

The purpose of this study is to access the safety of combining sodium selenite with abiraterone and to see what doses of sodium selenite can be safely combined with abiraterone in treating castration resistant prostate cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study Evaluating Sodium Selenite in Combination With Abiraterone in Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer Progressing on Abiraterone
  • Official Title: A Phase 1 Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Sodium Selenite in Combination With Abiraterone in Patients With Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer Progressing on Abiraterone

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB-52111
  • SECONDARY ID: PROS0097
  • NCT ID: NCT04296578

Conditions

  • Prostate Cancer
  • Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Abiraterone AcetateCohort 1: 5.5 mg selenite
Sodium SeleniteSodium selenite pentahydrateCohort 1: 5.5 mg selenite
PrednisoneCohort 1: 5.5 mg selenite

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to access the safety of combining sodium selenite with abiraterone and to see what doses of sodium selenite can be safely combined with abiraterone in treating castration resistant prostate cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE(S):

      · To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sodium selenite when given in combination
      with abiraterone.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVE(S):

        -  To assess the safety and tolerability of the combination of sodium selenite and
           abiraterone in subjects with castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)

        -  To assess the pharmacokinetics of sodium selenite

        -  To assess changes in Prostate specific antigen (PSA) To evaluate the anti tumor activity
           of sodium selenite and abiraterone when given in combination as determined by
           biochemical progression free survival (PFS) and radiographic PFS.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cohort 1: 5.5 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 5.5 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating), for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone
Cohort 2: 11 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 11 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating) for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone
Cohort 3: 16.5 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 16.5 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating) for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone
Cohort 4: 22 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 22 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating) for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone
Cohort 5: 27.5 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 27.5 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating) for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone
Cohort 6: 33 mg seleniteExperimentalGiven orally, 33 mg selenite with food (within 30 mins of eating) for 5 weeks and monthly there after
  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Prednisone

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Each subject must sign an informed consent form (ICF) indicating that he understands
             the purpose of and procedures required for the study and is willing to participate in
             the study. Consent is to be obtained prior to the initiation of any study related
             tests or procedures that are not part of standard of care for the subject's disease.

          -  Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate with metastatic disease.

          -  Progression on abiraterone defined by a rise in PSA at 2 time points at least 1 week
             apart.

          -  Male ≥18 years of age.

          -  Prior orchiectomy or serum testosterone levels < 50 ng/dL determined within 4 weeks
             prior to start of study drug

          -  Adequate baseline organ function as defined below:

               -  Hemoglobin > 9 with or without transfusion

               -  Platelets > 75 with or without transfusion

               -  Neutrophil: Absolute neutrophil > 1.0

               -  T bilirubin < 1.5 x Upper limit normal (ULN)

               -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x ULN

               -  Creatinine < 1.5 x ULN

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 2 weeks
             of initiation of study drug administration.

          -  Ongoing androgen depletion therapy with a gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analog
             or inhibitor, or orchiectomy (ie, surgical or medical castration). Note: subjects who
             have not undergone orchiectomy must continue GnRH analog therapy for the duration of
             this protocol.

          -  For subjects previously treated with 1st generation anti androgens (ie, flutamide,
             nilutamide, or bicalutamide), discontinuation of flutamide or nilutamide therapy must
             occur > 4 weeks (> 6 weeks for bicalutamide) prior to start of study drug with no
             evidence of an anti androgen withdrawal response (ie, no decline in serum PSA; within
             6 weeks of last dose for bicalutamide and 4 weeks of last dose for all other drugs as
             above).

          -  For subjects previously treated with chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or
             treatment with an investigational anticancer agent, discontinuation must have occurred
             ≥ 2 weeks, or after at least 4 half lives, whichever is longer, prior to study drug
             administration. For enzalutamide and apalutamide, the washout period will be at least
             3 weeks prior to start of study drug with no evidence of an anti androgen withdrawal
             response (ie, no decline in serum PSA within 4 weeks of last dose.)

          -  For subjects previously treated with other agents approved for the treatment of
             prostate cancer (5 α reductase inhibitors, estrogens, others), discontinuation of
             therapy must have occurred ≥ 4 weeks prior to start of study drug. This does not apply
             to abiraterone.

          -  Palliative radiotherapy (to bone or soft tissue lesions) must be completed > 2 weeks
             prior to start of study drug.

          -  For subjects receiving bone-loss prevention treatment (eg, bisphosphonates or
             denosumab), the subject must be on stable dose ≥ 4 weeks prior to start of study drug.

          -  QT interval corrected using Fridericia's method (QTcF) less than 460 msec (see
             Appendix B for Fridericia's criteria).

          -  A man who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential must agree to use
             an adequate method of contraception to avoid conception during the study and for 120
             days after receiving the last dose of study drug. All men must also not donate sperm
             during the study and for 120 days after receiving the last dose of study drug.

          -  Subject must be willing and able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions
             specified in this protocol.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Previously documented or current brain metastases.

          -  Untreated spinal cord compression.

          -  Known positive test result for human immunodeficiency virus.

          -  History of clinically significant cardiovascular disease including, but not limited
             to:

               -  Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the 6 months prior to the first
                  dose of study drug.

               -  Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia.

               -  Uncontrolled (persistent) hypertension: systolic blood pressure > 180 mHg;
                  diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg.

               -  Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III IV).

          -  Known active or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C as demonstrated by hepatitis B
             surface antigen positivity and/or anti hepatitis C virus positivity, respectively.
             Subjects with clinically active or chronic liver disease, including liver cirrhosis of
             Child Pugh class C, are also excluded.

          -  History of a different malignancy except for the following circumstances: (a)
             individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been
             disease free for at least 3 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk
             for recurrence of that malignancy, (b) individuals with a history of treatment for the
             following cancers are eligible: non muscle invasive bladder cancer, basal cell, or
             squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and resected melanoma in situ.

          -  Any serious underlying medical or psychiatric condition (eg, alcohol or drug abuse),
             dementia or altered mental status or any issue that would impair the ability of the
             subject to receive or tolerate the planned treatment, to understand informed consent
             or that in the opinion of the investigator would contraindicate the subject's
             participation in the study or that would confound the results of the study.

          -  Evidence of active viral, bacterial, or systemic fungal infection requiring systemic
             treatment within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Subjects requiring any
             systemic antiviral, antifungal, or antibacterial therapy for active infection must
             have completed treatment no less than 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.

          -  Enrollment in another therapeutic study.

          -  Major surgery (eg, requiring general anesthesia) within 3 weeks before screening, or
             has not fully recovered from prior surgery (ie, unhealed wound), or surgery planned
             during the time the subject is expected to participate in the study. Note: subjects
             with planned surgical procedures to be conducted under local anesthesia may
             participate.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Dose limiting Toxicity (DLT)
Time Frame:2 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Adverse events will be assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) of the combination of sodium selenite plus abiraterone are defined as: Any ≥ Grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity (possibly, probably, or definitely-related adverse event) Any ≥ Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with bleeding Any ≥ Grade 4 thrombocytopenia persisting > 7 days Any ≥ Grade 4 neutropenia persisting > 7 days Treatment withdrawal by participant decision, or for safety reasons as deemed necessary by the investigator The DLT outcome will be reported as the number of DLT events by dose cohort occurring within 2 weeks of the beginning of treatment, a number without dispersion.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Serious Adverse Events (SAEs
Time Frame:16 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Participants will be monitored for 12 weeks of treatment, and for 4 weeks subsequent (up to 16 weeks in total), for serious adverse events. The SAE outcome will be reported as the number of SAEs by dose cohort occurring within 16 weeks of the beginning of treatment, a number without dispersion.
Measure:Sodium Selenite Pharmacokinetics
Time Frame:1 day
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood levels of sodium selenite (pharmacokinetics) will be assessed at baseline and through 24 hours after the initial dose. The pharmacokinetics outcome will be reported by dose cohort as the mean blood level with standard deviation
Measure:Blood Levels of Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA)
Time Frame:upto 12months
Safety Issue:
Description:Maintenance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in the blood consistent with disease control can be characterized as biochemical progression free survival (PFS). Blood PSA levels will be measured at baseline through treatment. The outcome will be reported as the PSA level by dose cohort at baseline and at the last assessment within 12 months. The values will be reported as the mean with standard deviation.
Measure:Radiographic Progression free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:upto 12months
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression free survival (PFS) means continued survival without disease relapse or recurrence. Status will be assessed by regular medical care radiographic scans, eg, computed tomography (CT); positron emission tomography (PET); X-rays; or other scans appropriate for each participant's medical condition, using the last radiographic assessment within 12 months after the start of treatment. Status will be determined per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1), as follows. Complete Response (CR) = Disappearance of all target lesions Partial Response (PR) = ≥ 30% decrease in lesion diameters Progressive disease (PD) = 20% increase in lesion diameters, and/or 1+ new lesions Stable disease (SD) = Small changes not meeting above criteria The outcome will be reported by dose cohort as the number of participants remaining alive without disease relapse, progression, or recurrence, a number without dispersion.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Stanford University

Last Updated

March 3, 2020