Clinical Trials /

Daratumumab-Based Therapy for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma With Kidney Failure

NCT04352205

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well daratumumab-based therapy works in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with kidney failure. Daratumumab-based therapy includes daratumumab, bortezomib, dexamethasone, and thalidomide or lenalidomide. Daratumumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Bortezomib is a drug that prevents myeloma cells from getting rid of their waste products, leading to being targeted for death. Dexamethasone is a steroid that is commonly used, either alone or in combination with other drugs, to treat multiple myeloma. Lenalidomide and thalidomide may stop the growth of multiple myeloma by blocking the growth of new blood vessels necessary for tumor growth. Giving daratumumab, bortezomib, dexamethasone, and thalidomide or lenalidomide may be a good way to treat patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with kidney failure.

Related Conditions:
  • Multiple Myeloma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Daratumumab-Based Therapy for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma With Kidney Failure
  • Official Title: A Phase 2 Evaluation of Daratumumab-Based Treatment in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Patients With Renal Insufficiency

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: STUDY00000007
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2020-01133
  • SECONDARY ID: WINSHIP4949-20
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA138292
  • NCT ID: NCT04352205

Conditions

  • Plasma Cell Myeloma
  • Renal Failure

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Bortezomib[(1R)-3-Methyl-1-[[(2S)-1-oxo-3-phenyl-2-[(pyrazinylcarbonyl)amino]propyl]amino]butyl]boronic Acid, LDP 341, MLN341, PS-341, PS341, VelcadeTreatment (daratumumab-based treatment)
DaratumumabAnti-CD38 Monoclonal Antibody, Darzalex, HuMax-CD38, JNJ-54767414Treatment (daratumumab-based treatment)
DexamethasoneAacidexam, Adexone, Aknichthol Dexa, Alba-Dex, Alin, Alin Depot, Alin Oftalmico, Amplidermis, Anemul mono, Auricularum, Auxiloson, Baycadron, Baycuten, Baycuten N, Cortidexason, Cortisumman, Decacort, Decadrol, Decadron, Decadron DP, Decalix, Decameth, Decasone R.p., Dectancyl, Dekacort, Deltafluorene, Deronil, Desamethasone, Desameton, Dexa-Mamallet, Dexa-Rhinosan, Dexa-Scheroson, Dexa-sine, Dexacortal, Dexacortin, Dexafarma, Dexafluorene, Dexalocal, Dexamecortin, Dexameth, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexamethasonum, Dexamonozon, Dexapos, Dexinoral, Dexone, Dinormon, Fluorodelta, Fortecortin, Gammacorten, Hexadecadrol, Hexadrol, Lokalison-F, Loverine, Methylfluorprednisolone, Millicorten, Mymethasone, Orgadrone, Spersadex, TaperDex, Visumetazone, ZoDexTreatment (daratumumab-based treatment)
LenalidomideCC-5013, CC5013, CDC 501, RevlimidTreatment (daratumumab-based treatment)
Thalidomide(+)-Thalidomide, (-)-Thalidomide, .alpha.-Phthalimidoglutarimide, 2, 6-Dioxo-3-phthalimidopiperidine, Alpha-Phthalimidoglutarimide, Contergan, Distaval, Kevadon, N-(2,6-Dioxo-3-piperidyl)phthalimide, N-Phthaloylglutamimide, N-Phthalylglutamic Acid Imide, Neurosedyn, Pantosediv, Phthalimide, N-(2, 6-dioxo-3-piperidyl)-, (+)-, Phthalimide, N-(2, 6-dioxo-3-piperidyl)-, (-)-, Sedalis, Sedoval K-17, Softenon, Synovir, Talimol, ThalomidTreatment (daratumumab-based treatment)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well daratumumab-based therapy works in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with kidney failure. Daratumumab-based therapy includes daratumumab, bortezomib, dexamethasone, and thalidomide or lenalidomide. Daratumumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Bortezomib is a drug that prevents myeloma cells from getting rid of their waste products, leading to being targeted for death. Dexamethasone is a steroid that is commonly used, either alone or in combination with other drugs, to treat multiple myeloma. Lenalidomide and thalidomide may stop the growth of multiple myeloma by blocking the growth of new blood vessels necessary for tumor growth. Giving daratumumab, bortezomib, dexamethasone, and thalidomide or lenalidomide may be a good way to treat patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with kidney failure.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To determine the proportion of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma and acute kidney
      injury (AKI) who have renal function recovery following 2 cycles (6 weeks) of treatment with
      a daratumumab-based induction regimen.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Overall response rate at the end of 2 and 4 cycles of therapy. II. Adverse event profile
      of the combination in patients with AKI. III. Pharmacokinetic parameters of maximum
      concentration (Cmax), area under the curve (AUC), time to maximum concentration (tmax),
      clearance, and half life (t1/2) of daratumumab in combination treatment in the AKI
      population.

      IV. Global assessment of renal function at cycle initiation including creatinine clearance
      (CrCl).

      V. Timeline of changes in pharmacodynamic markers of light chains, urine paraprotein, and
      serum paraprotein measures.

      OUTLINE:

      Patients receive daratumumab intravenously (IV) weekly of cycles 1-3 and on day 1 only of
      cycle 4, bortezomib subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, and dexamethasone IV or
      orally (PO) on days 1-4 of cycle 1 and on day 1 of cycles 2-4 and PO on days 8 and 15 of all
      cycles. Beginning cycle 2, patients may also receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-14 or
      thalidomide PO once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in
      the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (daratumumab-based treatment)ExperimentalPatients receive daratumumab IV weekly of cycles 1-3 and on day 1 only of cycle 4, bortezomib SC on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, and dexamethasone IV or PO on days 1-4 of cycle 1 and on day 1 of cycles 2-4 and PO on days 8 and 15 of all cycles. Beginning cycle 2, patients may also receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-14 or thalidomide PO QD on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Bortezomib
  • Daratumumab
  • Dexamethasone
  • Lenalidomide
  • Thalidomide

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-2

          -  Creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault (C-G), 24 hour urine collection or
             the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) methods. The same method used for
             inclusion will be used for renal response assessment

          -  Documented multiple myeloma as defined by the International Myeloma Working Group
             (IMWG) 2014 criteria including: Clonal bone marrow plasma cells >= 10%. In addition,
             the patient must meet one of the criteria in day (d)1 or d2:

               -  Evidence of end organ damage that can be attributed to the underlying plasma cell
                  proliferative disorder, specifically (one or more of the following):

                    -  Hypercalcemia: serum calcium > 0.25 mmol/L (> 1 mg/dL) higher than the upper
                       limit of normal (ULN) or > 2.75 mmol/L (>11 mg/dL)

                    -  Renal insufficiency: creatinine clearance (CrCl) < 30 mL/min

                    -  Anemia: hemoglobin value of > 2 g/dL below the lower limit of normal, or a
                       hemoglobin value < 10 g/L

                    -  Bone lesions: 1 or more osteolytic lesions on skeletal radiography, computed
                       tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

          -  Measurable disease as defined by any of the following:

               -  Serum M-protein level >= 1.0 g/dL or urine M-protein level >= 200 mg/24 hours.

                    -  Note: All attempts should be made to determine eligibility of the subject
                       based on the central laboratory results of screening blood and urine
                       M-protein measurements. In exceptional circumstances, the local laboratory
                       results for blood and urine M-protein measurements may be used to determine
                       eligibility, but only if the results are clearly (e.g., 25% or more) above
                       the thresholds for measurability; or

               -  IgA, IgD, IgE, or IgM multiple myeloma: serum M-protein level >= 0.5 g/dL or
                  urine M-protein level >= 200 mg/24 hours; or

               -  Light chain multiple myeloma without measurable disease in the urine: serum Ig
                  free light chain (FLC) >= 10 mg/dL and abnormal serum Ig kappa/lambda FLC ratio

          -  Prior treatment to stabilize the patient with steroids up to 160 mg IV equivalents of
             dexamethasone is allowed

          -  Prior treatment to stabilize the patient with bortezomib up to 2 doses of 1.3 mg/m^2
             each dosing equivalent is allowed

          -  Subject agrees to refrain from blood donations during therapy on study and for 8 weeks
             after therapy is completed

          -  Female patients who:

               -  Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR

               -  Are surgically sterile, OR

               -  If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of
                  contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent
                  form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR

               -  Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and
                  usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation,
                  symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods
                  of contraception.)

               -  Are planning to donate eggs during the period of study and up to 3 months after
                  the last dose of study drug

               -  Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine
                  pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior
                  to and again within 24 hours of starting study drugs

          -  Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree
             to one of the following:

               -  Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study
                  treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR

               -  Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and
                  usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation,
                  symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods
                  of contraception.)

               -  Agree to no sperm donation during the period of study and up to 3 months after
                  the last dose of study drug

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Diagnosed with smoldering multiple myeloma (MM), monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined
             significance, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, polyneuropathy, organomegaly,
             endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, amyloidosis
             or primary or secondary plasma cell leukemia

          -  Participant has >= grade 3 peripheral neuropathy, or grade 2 with pain on clinical
             examination within 21 days before initiation of protocol therapy

          -  Plasmapheresis within 28 days

          -  Platelet count =< 75,000 cells/mm^3 at time of screening evaluation. Platelet
             transfusions to help patients meet eligibility criteria are not allowed within 3 days
             before study enrollment

          -  Participants with an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) =< 1000 cells/mm^3 at time of
             screening evaluation. Growth factors may not be used to meet ANC eligibility criteria
             within 14 days of obtaining screening evaluation

          -  Participants with hemoglobin level < 7.0 g/dL, at time of screening. Transfusion may
             be used to meet eligibility criteria within 7 days of obtaining screening evaluation

          -  Participants with hepatic impairment, defined as bilirubin >= 1.5 x institutional
             upper limit of normal (ULN) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum
             glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum
             glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]), or alkaline phosphatase >= 3 x institutional
             ULN, within 21 days of initiation of protocol therapy

          -  Patients may be receiving concomitant therapy with bisphosphonates and low dose
             corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone up to but no more than 10 mg p.o. once daily [q.d.]
             or its equivalent) for symptom management and comorbid conditions. Doses of
             corticosteroid should be stable for at least 7 days prior to study treatment.)

          -  Steroids more than 160 mg IV equivalents of dexamethasone or bortezomib > 2 doses of
             1.3 mg/m^2 each dosing equivalents

          -  Known significant cardiac abnormalities including:

               -  Congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV

               -  Uncontrolled angina, arrhythmia or hypertension

               -  Myocardial infarction within the past six months

               -  Any other uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular condition

               -  Prior cerebrovascular event with residual neurologic deficit

          -  Known history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a forced expiratory volume
             in 1 second (FEV1) < 50% of predicted normal

          -  Has known history of moderate or severe persistent asthma within the past 2 years, or
             currently has uncontrolled asthma of any classification

          -  Serious, intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, clinically relevant
             active infection, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, or serious co-morbid medical
             conditions such as chronic restrictive pulmonary disease, and cirrhosis

          -  Seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

          -  Seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface
             antigen [HBsAg]). Subjects with resolved infection (i.e., subjects who are HBsAg
             negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or
             antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened using real-time
             polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV)
             deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded.
             EXCEPTION: Subjects with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (anti-HBs
             positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior HBV vaccination,
             do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR

          -  Seropositive for hepatitis C (except in the setting of a sustained virologic response
             [SVR], defined as a viremia at least 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy)

          -  Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the
             investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in
             the study

          -  Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or
             previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual
             disease. Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are
             not excluded if they have undergone complete resection

          -  Known hypersensitivity to acyclovir or similar anti-viral drug

          -  Known severe intolerance to steroid therapy

          -  Participants with known central nervous system (CNS) involvement

          -  Poor tolerability or known allergy to any of the study drugs or compounds of similar
             chemical or biologic composition to dexamethasone, boron or mannitol

          -  Female participants pregnant or breast-feeding

          -  Participants who have undergone major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to starting study drug
             or who have not recovered from side effects of the surgery

          -  Participants with any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or
             unwilling or unable to comply with the instructions given to him/her by the study
             staff

          -  Prior exposure to anti-CD38 therapy

          -  Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment. If the involved field is small, 7 days
             will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of study
             medications

          -  Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion,
             potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol

          -  Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational
             agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and
             throughout the duration of this trial
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Change in creatinine clearance
Time Frame:Screening until end of Cycle 4 at day 1(12 weeks), each cycle=21 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Renal function comparisons of creatinine clearance between methods for the cohort will be conducted, with the primary objective of change from baseline, using the same formula, serving as the analysis dataset.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Pharmacokinetic parameters of Cmax
Time Frame:Cycle 1 at day 1 (12 weeks) to Cycle 2 at Day 15 (12 Weeks), each cycle=21 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Maximum concentrations for each patient obtained at the end of daratumumab infusion.
Measure:Pharmacokinetic parameters of AUC
Time Frame:Starting at Cycle 1 at day 1(12 weeks) to Cycle 2 at Day 15 (12 weeks), each cycle=21 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Area under the plasma concentration time curve from time 0-24 hours and extrapolated to infinity to understand dose exposures.
Measure:Pharmacokinetic parameters of CI
Time Frame:Cycle 1 at day (12 weeks) 1 to Cycle 2 at Day 15 (12 weeks), each cycle=21 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Clearance for each patient to assess the effect of renal insufficiency and potential changes with myeloma treatment that includes daratumumab.
Measure:Incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Through study completion, an average of 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Will track grade 3, 4, and 5 adverse events collected clinically in the routine course of care, with particular interest in those associated with daratumumab. Subject incidence of all treatment emergent adverse events of interest will be tabulated by system organ class and preferred term. Tables of fatal adverse events, serious adverse events, adverse events leading to withdrawal from investigational product, other protocol-required therapies or from study, and adverse events of interest will also be provided. Relevant laboratory and vital sign (temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure) data will be displayed by visit and time (when available), with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Additionally, all laboratory data will be summarized by CTCAE grade, again, with grade 3, 4 and 5 values to be collected.
Measure:Overall response rate
Time Frame:Through study completion, an average of 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:All efficacy assessments will follow International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) uniform response criteria and be performed every cycle. Will be defined as the proportion of best overall response of stringent complete response (sCR), complete response (CR), very good partial response (VGPR), and partial response (PR).
Measure:Best overall response
Time Frame:Through study completion, an average of 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:All efficacy assessments will follow IMWG uniform response criteria and be performed every cycle.
Measure:Progression free survival
Time Frame:Time from randomization date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 100 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be defined as number of months from subject's first study dose date to the earlier of disease progression or death due to any cause.
Measure:Duration of response
Time Frame:Time from initiation of first response to first documented progression or death, from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 100 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be summarized for all subjects overall, by formulation, by dose cohort level, and by formulation and dose cohort level along with 95% confidence intervals when applicable. Duration of therapy, dose density, and frequency of dose holds or reductions will also be recorded.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Emory University

Last Updated

April 15, 2020