Clinical Trials /

PAveMenT: Palbociclib and Avelumab in Metastatic AR+ Triple Negative Breast Cancer

NCT04360941

Description:

This clinical study is aiming to determine the safest doses and schedule for the combination of two drugs named palbociclib and avelumab. The study will also be investigating how effective the combination is for a subgroup of breast cancer patients whose cancer expresses the androgen receptor (AR) but not the oestrogen (hormone) or HER2 receptors. Palbociclib is a drug used in routine care for hormone-receptor (HR) positive and HER2 negative advanced breast cancer, the most common subtype of breast cancer. It is possible that the combination of palbociclib and avelumab will be a more effective cancer treatment than each drug separately, but this is unknown and this study is needed to establish the best dosage and schedule of each drug as well as how effective the combination is.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: PAveMenT: Palbociclib and Avelumab in Metastatic AR+ Triple Negative Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: PAveMenT: Phase Ib Study of Palbociclib and Avelumab in Metastatic AR+ Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CCR4884
  • NCT ID: NCT04360941

Conditions

  • Triple Negative Breast Cancer
  • Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
  • Recurrent Breast Cancer
  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • ER+ Breast Cancer
  • HER2-positive Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PalbociclibIbranceTwo-part phase 1b trial of induction palbociclib with avelumab
AvelumabBavencioTwo-part phase 1b trial of induction palbociclib with avelumab

Purpose

This clinical study is aiming to determine the safest doses and schedule for the combination of two drugs named palbociclib and avelumab. The study will also be investigating how effective the combination is for a subgroup of breast cancer patients whose cancer expresses the androgen receptor (AR) but not the oestrogen (hormone) or HER2 receptors. Palbociclib is a drug used in routine care for hormone-receptor (HR) positive and HER2 negative advanced breast cancer, the most common subtype of breast cancer. It is possible that the combination of palbociclib and avelumab will be a more effective cancer treatment than each drug separately, but this is unknown and this study is needed to establish the best dosage and schedule of each drug as well as how effective the combination is.

Detailed Description

      This is a phase Ib study designed to confirm the safety and evaluate the efficacy of
      palbociclib combined with avelumab in AR positive TNBC. It is a multi-centre study design (it
      will run at several hospitals in the UK).

      Palbociclib inhibits two proteins involved in cell growth called cyclin dependent kinase 4
      and cyclin dependent kinase 6 (CDK4/6). Inhibiting CDK4/6 stops cells, such as cancer cells,
      from dividing and multiplying further. Palbociclib is currently approved for the treatment of
      metastatic HR positive HER2 negative breast cancer, based on good results from large clinical
      trials. Laboratory studies have shown that palbociclib might be also useful in some patients
      with triple negative breast cancer, an aggressive subtype of breast cancer that does not
      express the hormone receptors or HER2 receptor, but only if the cancer is positive for the
      androgen-receptor (AR).

      Avelumab is an immunotherapy drug which does not destroy cancer cells, but tries to stimulate
      the body's immune system to do this. Avelumab has been tested in a number of different types
      of tumours including breast cancer, but although approved for use in the USA, it is not
      currently an approved standard treatment in the UK. The combination of both drugs has never
      been tested in humans before.

      Recruitment to Part A will be conducted only at the Royal Marsden Hospital and Part A of the
      study will establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and optimal schedule of the combination
      in any suitable patients with advanced breast cancer. Once this dose schedule has been
      confirmed, the chosen dose level will be recruited to, aiming to include 27 patients with AR
      positive TNBC (Part B).Part B will recruit at up to 8 high volume centres. The androgen
      receptor is not routinely tested for in hospital laboratories, so patients with advanced
      triple negative breast cancer who are interested in taking part in the study will be asked to
      provide consent for previously taken cancer samples/biopsies to be sent to the Royal Marsden
      for testing, to see if the cancer expresses the androgen receptor, which would make
      participants potentially eligible for part B of the study. Approximately 20% of triple
      negative breast cancers express AR. This phase of the study will include important
      translational work using new cancer samples (biopsies) and blood samples to investigate
      potential "biomarkers" -predictors of efficacy and resistance to the combination.

      In Part A of the study, patients with previously treated, advanced breast cancer will have an
      ECG (heart trace) a CT scan of the body and potentially an MRI scan of the brain and a bone
      scan (depending upon where the breast cancer is known to have spread to) as well as blood
      tests to determine if participants are suitable for the study.

      During the study participants will receive daily palbociclib tablets and intravenous
      infusions of avelumab every two weeks. Participants will be monitored with regular blood
      tests and repeat CT scans every 8 weeks. At whatever time point the treatment stops working,
      the patient will stop treatment and will be asked to have further blood tests one month later
      as well as a check up with the study doctor.

      In Part B of the study, patients with triple negative histology and positive androgen
      receptor status tested at the Royal Marsden will be required to have a cancer biopsy before
      participants start treatment on the study. LIke in Part A, participants will also have an ECG
      (heart trace)a CT scan of the body and potentially an MRI scan of the brain and a bone scan
      (depending upon where the breast cancer is known to have spread to) as well as blood tests to
      determine if participants are suitable for the study. During the study participants will
      receive daily palbociclib tablets and intravenous infusions of avelumab every two weeks.
      Participants will be monitored with regular blood tests and check-ups with the study doctor
      and repeat CT scans every 8 weeks as well as additional blood tests for research. After 3
      weeks of treatment, the patient may have a further tumour biopsy, which is optional. At
      whatever timepoint the treatment stops working, the patient will stop treatment and will be
      asked to have further blood tests and a further biopsy. Participants will also have a
      check-up with the study doctor and blood tests one month later.

      A maximum of 45 breast cancer patients will be enrolled; up to 18 patients in part A and 27
      patients with AR+ triple negative breast cancer in part B.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Two-part phase 1b trial of induction palbociclib with avelumabExperimentalRecruitment to Part A will be conducted at the Royal Marsden Hospital only. Up to 18 patients will be recruited for dose escalation of palbociclib in combination with fixed dose avelumab. Part B will recruit at up to 8 high volume centres. Up to 27 patients will be recruited to treatment with the maximum tolerated dose and schedule established in part A. In Part B of the study, additional selection by triple negative histology and positive androgen receptor status will define the study population.
  • Palbociclib
  • Avelumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria Part A:

          1. Patients with recurrent inoperable locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

          2. Previously treated with at least one prior line of chemotherapy for advanced disease,
             but no more than two prior lines of chemotherapy for advanced disease. Patients with
             ER+ breast cancer must have received at least one prior line of hormone therapy for
             advanced disease. Patients with HER2+ breast cancer must have received at least one
             prior line of HER2 directed therapy.

          3. Measurable disease (RECIST 1.1)

          4. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges stated in the study protocol.
             These measurements must be performed within one week (Day -7 to Day 1) before the
             patient goes in the trial.

          5. Women/female patients with child-bearing potential (defined as the fertile status
             following menarche and until becoming post-menopausal unless permanently sterile by
             methods that include hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and bilateral oophorectomy)
             must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of
             trial.

             Women/females of child bearing potential or their male partners must use a highly
             effective method of contraception for 2 weeks before starting the study treatment,
             throughout the treatment period and for 1 month after discontinuation of treatment
             with palbociclib and avelumab (women/female patients) or 14 weeks (men/male patients).
             Highly effective methods are defined as methods that can achieve a failure rate of
             less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly are considered as highly
             effective birth control methods, such methods include:

               -  Oral, intra-vaginal or transdermal combined hormonal contraception

               -  Oral, injectable or implantable progesterone-only contraception

               -  Intrauterine device

               -  Intrauterine hormone-releasing system,

               -  Bilateral tubal occlusion

               -  Vasectomised partner

               -  True abstinence:* When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of
                  the subject

             Key: * it is only considered highly effective if the patient is refraining from sexual
             intercourse during the entire period of risk associated with the study treatments

          6. 18 years of age or over.

          7. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status 0 or 1

          8. Estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months in the opinion of the investigator

          9. Signed and dated informed consent.

         10. Patients willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory
             tests, follow up and other procedures

        Inclusion Criteria Part B:

          1. Patients with recurrent inoperable locally advanced or metastatic AR+ triple negative
             breast cancer with ER, PgR and HER2 status determined locally and AR determined
             centrally on archival metastatic tissue.

          2. Previously treated with at least one prior line of chemotherapy for advanced disease,
             but no more than two prior lines of chemotherapy for advanced disease.

          3. Measurable disease (RECIST 1.1) amenable to fresh biopsy

          4. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges stated in the study protocol.
             These measurements must be performed within one week (Day -7 to Day 1) before the
             patient goes in the trial.

          5. Female patients with child-bearing potential must have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of trial.

             Women/females of child bearing potential or their male partners must use a highly
             effective method of contraception for 2 weeks before starting the study treatment,
             throughout the treatment period and for 1 month after discontinuation of treatment
             with palbociclib and avelumab (women/female patients) or 14 weeks (men/male patients).
             Highly effective methods are defined as methods that can achieve a failure rate of
             less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly are considered as highly
             effective birth control methods, such methods include:

               -  Oral, intra-vaginal or transdermal combined hormonal contraception

               -  Oral, injectable or implantable progesterone-only contraception

               -  Intrauterine device

               -  Intrauterine hormone-releasing system,

               -  Bilateral tubal occlusion

               -  Vasectomised partner

               -  True abstinence:* When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of
                  the subject

             Key: * it is only considered highly effective if the patient is refraining from sexual
             intercourse during the entire period of risk associated with the study treatments

          6. Age 18 years of age or over

          7. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status 0 or 1

          8. Estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months in the opinion of the investigator

          9. Signed and dated informed consent

         10. Patients willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory
             tests, follow up, and other procedures

         11. Available archival breast primary tumour tissue (or metastatic tissue if de novo
             metastatic disease)

         12. Patient willing to undergo a mandatory baseline fresh tumour tissue biopsy procedure
             (clinical or radiologically-guided)

        Exclusion Criteria Parts A & B:

          1. Systemic chemotherapy or investigational medicinal products during the previous four
             weeks, or hormonal therapy within 7 days except luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
             (LHRH) analogues for ovarian suppression. Bisphosphonates or RANK ligand antagonists
             are permitted for the management of bone metastases.

          2. Previous exposure to immune checkpoint inhibitors or immune co-stimulatory drugs.

          3. Previous treatment with palbociclib or any agents which inhibit CDK4/6

          4. Major surgery (excluding minor procedures, e.g. placement of vascular access) within 4
             weeks or radiation therapy within 14 days prior to study entry

          5. Patients with known symptomatic brain metastases requiring steroids, untreated brain
             metastases, leptomeningeal disease or spinal cord compression.

          6. Active infection requiring systemic therapy

          7. Any of the following within 12 months prior to study entry: myocardial infarction,
             history of myocarditis, uncontrolled angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft,
             symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic
             attack.

          8. Uncontrolled hypertension or cardiac dysrhythmia including atrial fibrillation

          9. Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immuno-stimulatory
             agent. Patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, or hypo- or hyperthyroid
             diseases not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible.

         10. Current use of immunosuppressive medication, EXCEPT for the following: a. intranasal,
             inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injection (e.g., intra-articular
             injection); b. Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses ≤ 10 mg/day of prednisone
             or equivalent; c. Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT
             scan premedication).

         11. Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including colitis, inflammatory bowel
             disease, pneumonitis (even if fully resolved), pulmonary fibrosis, end stage renal
             disease on haemodialysis or psychiatric conditions including recent (within the past
             year) or active suicidal ideation or behaviour; or laboratory abnormalities that may
             increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment
             administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the
             judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this
             study.

         12. Patients on warfarin. Patients requiring anticoagulation for rate-controlled AF or
             previous venous thromboembolism should be switched to low-molecular weight heparin.

         13. Known HIV or AIDS-related illness, active infection requiring systemic therapy, or
             positive HBV or HCV test indicating acute or chronic infection

         14. Known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies (Grade ≥ 3 NCI CTCAE
             v 5), any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma (that is, 3 or more features
             of partially controlled asthma)

         15. Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills, or receive IV injections.

         16. Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy >Grade 1 (except for stable peripheral
             neuropathy grade ≤2 or alopecia grade ≤2).

         17. Pregnancy or lactation (women/females of childbearing potential must have a negative
             pregnancy test within 7 days prior to treatment initiation)

         18. Diagnosis of other malignancy within 3 years, except for adequately treated basal cell
             or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix, or
             low-grade (Gleason ≤6) prostate cancer

         19. Is a participant or plans to participate in another interventional clinical trial,
             whilst taking part in this study. Participation in an observational trial would be
             acceptable.

         20. Known prior or suspected hypersensitivity to investigational products or to any of the
             excipients

         21. Vaccination within 4 weeks of the first dose of avelumab and while on trial is
             prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines. Live vaccines must also
             be avoided for 3 months after the last dose of avelumab.

         22. Any psychiatric condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of
             informed consent

         23. Requirement for continued use of preparations containing St. John's Wort is
             specifically contraindicated. Other herbal medicinal or natural products that patient
             is intended to take during the trial must be explored at the beginning and during the
             course of the trial and discussed with the investigator.

         24. Requirement for continued use of CYP3A inhibitors, inducers or substrates (listed in
             Appendix 4).

         25. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase
             deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine as this
             medicinal product contains lactose.

         26. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a
             good candidate for the clinical trial.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Part A: Determine maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of palbociclib plus avelumab in advanced breast cancer
Time Frame:18 month recruitment period
Safety Issue:
Description:Define MTD of palbociclib delivered in combination with avelumab

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Determine the clinical benefit rate (CR/PR/SD for a minimum of 24 weeks) in AR+ TNBC patients treated with palbociclib plus avelumab
Time Frame:Total 42 month recruitment period
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinical benefit rate (response or stable disease lasting at least 24 weeks), assessed by RECIST 1.1 by local radiology review.
Measure:Determine the median PFS in AR+ TNBC patients treated with palbociclib plus avelumab
Time Frame:Total 42 month recruitment period
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival, calculated from day 1 of study treatment to the date of radiological disease progression or death from any cause.
Measure:Assess the safety and tolerability of palbociclib plus avelumab by recording adverse events until 30 days after the last dose of either study treatment
Time Frame:Total 42 month recruitment period
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall safety and tolerability of palbociclib with avelumab. Toxicity will be assessed by CTCAE (version 5) every 4 weeks during study treatment. Adverse events, including serious adverse events, will be recorded until 30 days after the last dose of study treatment with palbociclib or avelumab.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust

Trial Keywords

  • Palbociclib
  • Avelumab
  • Measurable Disease
  • Inoperable Disease

Last Updated

May 7, 2020