Clinical Trials /

Nivolumab + Ipilimumab + Radiation in MSS Pancreatic Cancer

NCT04361162

Description:

This research is being done to study the effects of the combination of ipilimumab, nivolumab, and radiation therapy in people with microsatellite stable pancreatic cancer. The names of the study interventions involved in this study are: - Ipilimumab - Nivolumab - Radiation Therapy

Related Conditions:
  • Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nivolumab + Ipilimumab + Radiation in MSS Pancreatic Cancer
  • Official Title: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab and Radiation Therapy in Metastatic, Microsatellite Stable Pancreatic Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 19-587
  • NCT ID: NCT04361162

Conditions

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NivolumabOpdivoNivolumab + Ipilimumab + Radiation
IpilimumabYervoyNivolumab + Ipilimumab + Radiation

Purpose

This research is being done to study the effects of the combination of ipilimumab, nivolumab, and radiation therapy in people with microsatellite stable pancreatic cancer. The names of the study interventions involved in this study are: - Ipilimumab - Nivolumab - Radiation Therapy

Detailed Description

      This research study is a Phase II clinical trial study testing the safety and effectiveness
      of the combination of ipilimumab, nivolumab, and radiation therapy.

      The research study procedures include screening for eligibility, and study treatment
      including evaluations and follow up visits.

      Participants will be in this research study for as long as the study interventions are safe
      and beneficial. Participants will then be followed for up to 5 years.

      The names of the study interventions involved in this study are:

        -  Ipilimumab

        -  Nivolumab

        -  Radiation Therapy It is expected that about 30 people will take part in this research
           study.

      Ipilimumab and Nivolumab are both antibodies. An antibody is a protein that attaches to other
      cells to fight off infection. The antibodies in ipilimumab work by not allowing cancer cell
      growth. The antibodies in nivolumab work by causing programmed cell death of the cancer
      cells. Radiation therapy may increase the likelihood of response to interventions like
      ipilimumab and nivolumab.

      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved ipilimumab and nivolumab for
      microsatellite stable pancreatic cancer. but they have been approved for other uses.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Nivolumab + Ipilimumab + RadiationExperimentalThe research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits, (Study cycles are 6 weeks.) Nivolumab via iv, at predetermined dose every 2 weeks for duration of study. Ipilimumab via iv at a predetermined dose on day 1 of 4 study cycles. Radiation treatments will be administered every other weekday or 2 days during week 1 of cycle 1.
  • Nivolumab
  • Ipilimumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic MSS
             adenocarcinoma of pancreatic origin

          -  Age >18 years.

          -  ECOG performance status <2

          -  Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

          -  Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined in Table 1, all
             screening labs should be performed within 14 days of protocol registration.

          -  Hematological

               -  Absolute neutrophil count(ANC) ≥1000 /mcL

               -  White blood count (WBC) ≥2000 /mcL

               -  Platelets ≥75,000 / mcL

               -  Hemoglobin ≥7.5 g/dL

          -  Renal

               -  Serum creatinine: ≤ Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl)
                  OR

               -  Measured or calculated Creatinine clearance should be calculated per
                  institutional standard: ≥ 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):

               -  (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl)

                    -  Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85/ 72 x serum
                       creatinine in mg/dL

                    -  Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00/ 72 x serum
                       creatinine in mg/dL

          -  Hepatic

               -  Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (subjects with Gilbert Syndrome can have a
                  total bilirubin <3 mg/dL

               -  AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver
                  metastases

          -  Coagulation

               -  International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless
                  subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT is within therapeutic
                  range of intended use of anticoagulants

               -  Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤2.5 X ULN unless subject is
                  receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PTT is within therapeutic range of
                  intended use of anticoagulants

          -  Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of
             contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30
             days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last
             dose of investigational drug.

          -  Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
             (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG)

          -  Women must not be breastfeeding

          -  Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a
             failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually
             active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7
             months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of
             childbearing potential, ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as
             azoospermic men do not require contraception

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

          -  If applicable, stable dose of dexamethasone 1.5mg or prednisone <10mg for 7 days prior
             to initiation of treatment

          -  One previously unirradiated lesion amenable to radiotherapy 8 Gy x 3 and can meet dose
             constraints, and another unirradiated measurable lesion > 1 cm in size outside the
             radiation field that can be used as measurable disease. (Patients must have measurable
             tumor in addition to the one being radiated.)

          -  Patients must have progressed on at least 1 prior line of chemotherapy. Adjuvant or
             neoadjuvant therapy is permitted

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Participants who have had chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy or study
             therapy within 14 days of protocol treatment, or those who have not recovered (i.e., ≤
             Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2
             weeks earlier. Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion
             and may qualify for the study. If subject received major surgery, they must have
             recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention
             prior to starting therapy.

          -  Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.

          -  Patients are excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease
             other than those listed below. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo,
             type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only
             requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or
             conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger

          -  Patients are excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with
             either corticosteroids (dexamethasone 1.5mg or prednisone <10mg) or other
             immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or
             topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses dexamethasone 1.5mg or prednisone <10mg
             are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to
             use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids
             (with minimal systemic absorption). Physiologic replacement doses of systemic
             corticosteroids are permitted, dexamethasone 1.5mg or prednisone <10mg. A brief course
             of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (eg, contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of
             non-autoimmune conditions (eg, delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by
             contact allergen) is permitted.

          -  Patients are excluded if they have previously received anti-CTLA-4 therapy. Prior PD-1
             or PDL1 therapy will be permitted.

          -  Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)

          -  Known HBV or HCV. (Patients are excluded if they are positive test for hepatitis B
             virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody)
             indicating acute or chronic infection).

          -  Patients are excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human
             immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).These
             participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow
             suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving
             combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
             infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
             arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
             study requirements.

          -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
             through 5 months for woman and 7 months for men, after the last dose of trial
             treatment.

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin and squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.

          -  Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.

          -  Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.Note:
             Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and
             are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live
             attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

          -  History of allergy to study drug components

          -  History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody

          -  Uncontrolled brain metastases. Patients treated with radiation > 4 weeks prior with
             follow up imaging showing control are eligible
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:6 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall response rate (ORR) will be evaluated by RECIST. Nivolumab and ipilimumab combined with radiation will be considered to have promising activity in metastatic MSS pancreatic cancer if at least 3 of 30 patients were to achieve CR or PR.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease control rate (DCR)
Time Frame:Up to 5 yrs
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease control rate (DCR) will be based on RECIST and estimated with 95% confidence intervals based on the exact binomial distribution.
Measure:Number of Participants with Treatment Related Adverse Events as Assessed NCI CTCAE 5.0 guidelines
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Toxicity rates associated with the protocol treatment of nivolumab and ipilimumab combined with radiation will be summarized by category and grade.
Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the earliest date of tumor progression by RECIST, appearance of new metastases, or death due to any cause. PFS time will be censored at the date of last follow-up for patients still alive with disease control. The PFS rate will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method with 95% confidence intervals based on the complementary log-log transformation.
Measure:Overall survival (OS) in patients
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival (OS) is defined as the duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the date of death due to any cause and will be censored at the date of last follow-up for patients still alive. The OS rate will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method with 95% confidence intervals based on the complementary log-log transformation.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Massachusetts General Hospital

Trial Keywords

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
  • Metastatic, Microsatellite Stable Pancreatic Cancer
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Last Updated

April 22, 2020