The vast majority of patients with stage I (tumors ≥ 4cm), IIA, IIB (and select IIIA) NSCLC
are managed with upfront surgery, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. However, relapse rates
remain high and are primarily due to distant, metastatic disease. Previous meta-analysis
evaluating the use of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy demonstrate a
similar impact on improved disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The role of
checkpoint inhibitors has been proven to be effective in the treatment of patients with
advanced NSCLC, regardless of histology and PD-L1 expression. Results from trials evaluating
the use of checkpoint inhibitors alone or in combination with chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant
setting for early stage disease are promising. However, there are no trials evaluating the
role of concomitant chemotherapy and checkpoint inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. In
addition, emerging data supports the use of ctDNA as a promising biomarker for early
detection of minimal residual disease and have indicated that the presence of detectable
ctDNA after surgery for localized lung cancer is correlated with a 90-100% chance for disease
recurrence. Therefore, we propose this current study assessing concomitant chemotherapy plus
Atezolizumab in the adjuvant setting for patients with stage I (tumors ≥ 4cm), IIA, IIB (and
select IIIA) NSCLC who have detectable ctDNA after surgery. The clearance of ctDNA will serve
as a surrogate for long term DFS and OS in this patient population.
- Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health
information. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or
- Age >= 18 years at the time of consent.
- ECOG Performance Status of 0-1 within 28 days prior to registration.
- Patients must have undergone complete surgical resection of their stage I (tumors >=
4cm), IIA, IIB, and select IIIA (T3N1, T4N0-1) NSCLC according to the AJCC 8th edition
with negative margins (R0).
- Squamous or non-squamous NSCLC histology. Cancers with a histology of "adenosquamous"
are considered a type of adenocarcinoma and thus "non-squamous histology".
- Surgery for this lung cancer must be completed <= 60 days prior to starting treatment.
- Must have tissue available to perform prospective correlative testing. Tissue block is
preferred but 10-15 unstained slides (5 μm thick) are also acceptable. If prior PD-L1
results with Dako 22C3 antibody are not available, an additional 5 unstained slides (4
μm thick) must be submitted.
- Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the protocol; all screening labs to
be obtained within 28 days prior to registration.
- Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7
days prior to registration NOTE: Females are considered of childbearing potential
unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal
ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least
12 consecutive months
- For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from
heterosexual intercourse) or use two non-hormonal methods of contraception, including
at least one method with a failure rate of < 1% per year, during the treatment period
and for 5 months after treatment discontinuation.
- Examples of non-hormonal contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per
year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal
contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices,
and copper intrauterine devices. Must use "estrogen-free" hormonal method if this
is chosen contraception method.
- A barrier method may be used as the second contraceptive method. The reliability
of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the
clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic
abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods)
and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
- Contraception method must begin starting from the time of informed consent until 5
months after treatment discontinuation.
- For men: Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use
a condom, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:
- With female partners of childbearing potential or pregnant female partners, men
must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for 5
months after the last dose of study treatment to avoid exposing the embryo. Men
must refrain from donating sperm during this same period.
- The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the
duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the
patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or
post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of
- As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject
to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study
- Tumors that have any component of small cell or large cell neuroendocrine histology
are NOT eligible.
- Tumors that are known to harbor EGFR mutations or ALK re-arrangements are NOT
- Prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy is NOT allowed for the
treatment of this lung cancer.
- Prior chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy is permissible for the treatment of other
previous cancers, but must have been completed at least 3 months prior to registration
for this trial.
- Other active cancers.
- Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent
directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX-40,
- Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles,
mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus
Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection
are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza
vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
- Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of
Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may
participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
(in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of
immunosuppressive therapy within 1 week prior to registration.
- Has severe hypersensitivity (>= Grade 3) to atezolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
- Has active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency that includes but is
not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus
erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid
antibody syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré
syndrome, or multiple sclerosis.
- Known interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with detection or
management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity are not permitted.
- Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current
- Has a severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment,
including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection,
bacteremia, or severe pneumonia.
- Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Note: HIV testing is not
- Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection. Note:
If Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C status is unknown, testing is required:
- Subject must have negative total hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) test at
screening, or positive total HBcAb test followed by a negative hepatitis B virus
(HBV) DNA test at screening. The HBV DNA test will be performed only for patients
who have a positive total HBcAb test.
- Subject must have negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody test at screening, or
positive HCV antibody test followed by a negative HCV RNA test at screening. The
HCV RNA test will be performed only for patients who have a positive HCV antibody
test. A positive HCV RNA test is sufficient to diagnose active HCV infection in
the absence of an HCV antibody test.
- Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
- Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's
participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of
the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the
projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 5 months
after the last dose of study drug.