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TWICE-IRI: Optimization of Second-line Therapy With Aflibercept, Irinotecan (Day 1 or Day 1,3), 5-Fluorouracile and Folinic Acid in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. A Randomized Phase III Study.

NCT04392479

Description:

Optimization of second-line therapy with aflibercept, irinotecan (day1 or day 1,3), 5fluorouracile and folinic acid in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. A randomized Phase III study.

Related Conditions:
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: TWICE-IRI: Optimization of Second-line Therapy With Aflibercept, Irinotecan (Day 1 or Day 1,3), 5-Fluorouracile and Folinic Acid in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. A Randomized Phase III Study.
  • Official Title: TWICE-IRI: Optimization of Second-line Therapy With Aflibercept, Irinotecan (Day 1 or Day 1,3), 5-Fluorouracile and Folinic Acid in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. A Randomized Phase III Study.

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: FBH-002
  • NCT ID: NCT04392479

Conditions

  • Cancer Colorectal
  • Metastasis

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Aflibercept-FOLFIRIZALTRAP-FOLFIRIAflibercept-FOLFIRI (arm 1)
Aflibercept-mFOLFIRI3ZALTRAP- mFOLFIRI3Aflibercept-mFOLFIRI3 (arm 2)

Purpose

Optimization of second-line therapy with aflibercept, irinotecan (day1 or day 1,3), 5fluorouracile and folinic acid in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. A randomized Phase III study.

Detailed Description

      Background - Rationale Aflibercept The addition of aflibercept to the standard FOLFIRI
      regimen as second-line therapy was evaluated in a large phase III study (EFC10262-VELOUR).
      This combination significantly improved both PFS (4.7 to 6.9 months, HR=0.76; P=<0.001) and
      OS (12.1 to 13.5 months, HR=0.82; P=0.003). In the evaluable population (86.5%), the tumor
      response rate was also improved when adding aflibercept (ORR=19.8% [16.4-23.2]) to the
      FOLFIRI regimen (ORR=11.1% [8.5-13.8]).

      Irinotecan The combination of aflibercept with FOLFIRI3, an optimized irinotecan-based
      regimen, was evaluated in 65 patients in a French multicentric retrospective cohort. (Carola
      C et al, WJCO 2018) In the cohort of irinotecan-naïve patients (n=30), the objective response
      rate was 43.3%, and the disease control rate 76.7%. Median PFS and OS were 11.3 months (95%
      CI 6.1-29.0) and 17.0 months (95% CI 13.0-17.3). The most common (>5%) grade 3-4 adverse
      events were diarrhea (37.9%), neutropenia (14.3%), stomatitis and anemia (10.4%),
      hypertension (6.7%).

      In the cohort of patients previously treated with irinotecan (n=35), the objective response
      rate was 34.3%, and the disease control rate 60.0%. Median PFS and OS were 5.7 months (95% CI
      3.9-10.4) and 14.3 months (95% CI 12.8-19.5).

      Table. FOLFIRI-aflibercept vs. FOLFIRI3-aflibercept: a cross-trial comparison
      FOLFIRI-aflibercept (VELOUR) FOLFIRI3-aflibercept (Irinotecan-naïve) N = 612 N = 30 Efficacy
      RR, % 19.3 vs 43.3 PFS, months 6.9 vs 11.3 OS, months 13.5 vs 17.0 Grade 3-4 AEs, % Any 83.4
      vs 56.7 Neutropenia 36.7 vs 14.3 Diarrhea 19.3 vs 37.9 Mucositis 13.8 vs 10.4 Hypertension
      19.3 vs 6.9 Discontinuation, % Progression 49.8 vs 36.7 Adverse event 26.6 vs 46.7

      Study Objectives

      Primary:

      •To compare once (day 1) or twice (day 1, day 3) administration of irinotecan in combination
      with 5-fluorouracile and aflibercept as second-line therapy in patients with metastatic
      colorectal cancer in terms of overall response rate (ORR)

      Secondary:

        -  To evaluate disease control rate (DRC) and Early Response Rate (ERR)

        -  To evaluate progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS),

        -  to evaluate the conversion rate to locoregional therapy, surgery of metastasis, the
           quality of resection (R0, R1, R2) and the pathological response in patients with
           resected metastatic disease,

        -  To assess the impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using the European
           Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life
           Questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30),

        -  To assess Incidence of Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) on using
           the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTC version 5.0).

      Exploratory:

        -  To assess the impact on selected circulating biomarkers (angiogenic and exosomal)

        -  To assess the impact on selected tumor biomarkers
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Aflibercept-FOLFIRI (arm 1)Active ComparatorAflibercept (D1) H0: 4mg/kg IV infusion over 60min (+ 2-minute window), Folinic acid (D1) H+1: 400mg/m² IV infusion over 120min (+ 2-minute window), Irinotecan (D1) H+1: 180mg/m² IV infusion over 60min (+ 2-minute window), 5-fluorouracile (D1) H+3: 400mg/m² IV infusion over 15min (+ 2-minute window), 5-fluorouracile (D1 to D3): H+3.5: 2400mg/m² IV infusion over 46 hours (+ 1hour window) H+49.5: End of treatment administration
  • Aflibercept-FOLFIRI
Aflibercept-mFOLFIRI3 (arm 2)ExperimentalAflibercept (D1) H0: 4mg/kg IV infusion over 60min (+ 2-minute window), Folinic acid (D1) H+1: 400mg/m² IV infusion over 120min (+ 2-minute window), Irinotecan (D1 and D3) H+1 and H+49: 75mg/m² IV infusion over 60min (+ 2-minute window) on cycles 1 and 2, then 90mg/m² at cycle 3 and furthers in absence of AEs grade ≥2, 5-fluorouracile (D1 to D3) H+3: 2400mg/m² IV infusion over 46 hours (+ 1hour window) H+50: End of treatment administration
  • Aflibercept-mFOLFIRI3

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Provision of signed and dated informed consent and stated willingness to comply with
             all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study, Signed, written
             Informed Consent Form (ICF),

          2. Willing and able to comply with the protocol,

          3. Age 18-75 years,

          4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0-1,

          5. Life expectancy ≥ 3 months,

          6. Histologically proven carcinoma of colon and/or rectum,

          7. Confirmed unresectable metastatic disease,

          8. At least one measurable and/or evaluable tumor metastasis on CT-scan or MRI per RECIST
             criteria version 1.1,

          9. Prior oxaliplatin-based first-line therapy for metastatic disease (the use of prior
             bevacizumab or anti-EGFR mabs is allowed but not mandatory) - Less than 6 months from
             completion of any prior oxaliplatin-based adjuvant therapy can be considered as
             first-line therapy. Prior use of irinotecan in combination with oxaliplatin and 5FU as
             first-line therapy is allowed if the interval between the last administration of
             irinotecan and disease progression is at least 6 months (ie, irinotecan-free interval
             ≥6 months).

         10. Negative urine and/or serum pregnancy test within 7 days before inclusion if female
             subject is of childbearing potential,

         11. Clinical laboratory parameters adequate as follows:

               -  Serum total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 x upper normal limit (UNL),

               -  Neutrophil count ≥ 1.5x109/L,

               -  Platelet count ≥ 100x109/L,

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL,

               -  Serum creatinine level ≤ 150µM,

               -  Serum albumin ≥ 25 g/L,

               -  Calcium ≥ 1 x ULN

               -  Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) < 3 x ULN, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and
                  aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 3 x ULN (in the case of liver metastases, <5 x
                  ULN),

               -  Proteinuria <2+ (dipstick urinalysis) or ≤1g/24hour,

         12. For women of childbearing potential and for men, agreement to use an effective
             contraceptive method from the time of screening throughout the study until 6 months
             after administration of the last dose of any study medication. Highly effective
             contraceptive method consist of prior sterilization, inter-uterine device,
             intrauterine hormone-releasing system, oral or injectable contraceptives barrier
             methods, and/or true sexual abstinence),

         13. Affiliation to French health care system.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. History of arterial thrombotic event in the last 6 months (eg., myocardial infarction,
             cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack),

          2. Uncontrolled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg and/or
             diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg despite optimal medical therapy), or history of
             hypertensive crisis, or hypertensive encephalopathy,

          3. Prior use of aflibercept,

          4. Adverse events from prior anticancer therapy grade ≥2 (National Cancer Institute
             Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI-CTCAE] version 5.0), except for
             neuropathy and alopecia,

          5. Bowel obstruction, inflammatory bowel disease

          6. Known DPD deficiency. If not known for the patient, testing for DPD should be done
             during the screening period (patients with uracilemia ≥16ng/mL are not eligible),

          7. Known UGT1A1 deficiency (eg, Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome). If not known
             for the patient, genetic testing for UGT1A1 should be done during the screening period
             for patients with hyperbilirubinemia (ie, total bilirubin level >1xULN),

          8. Active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the start of study treatment,

          9. Known active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), or
             hepatitis C (HCV),

         10. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to the active substance or ingredients of any study
             drug,

         11. Women currently pregnant or breastfeeding,

         12. Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures as judged by the Investigator,

         13. Concomitant unplanned antitumor therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, molecular targeted
             therapy, immunotherapy)

         14. Concomitant use of Saint John Wort herb (millepertuis), Yellow Fever vaccine, Live
             Attenuated Vaccines (LAV) and phenytoine

         15. Treatment with any other investigational medicinal product within 28 days or 5
             investigational agent half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the start of study
             treatment,

         16. Any other disease, active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection requiring
             systemic therapy, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding or clinical
             laboratory finding that leads to reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that
             contraindicates the use of study drugs that may affect the interpretation of the
             results, or that may render the subject at high risk for treatment complications.

         17. Previous or concurrent malignancy, except for adequately treated basal or squamous
             cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has
             been disease-free for three years prior to study entry,

         18. Surgical procedure (including open biopsy, surgical resection, wound revision, or any
             other major surgery involving entry into a body cavity) or significant traumatic
             injury within 28 days prior to start of study treatment, or anticipation of need for
             major surgical procedure during the course of the study.

         19. Minor surgical procedure including placement of a vascular access device, within 2
             days of start of study treatment,

         20. History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, intra-abdominal
             abscess or active GI bleeding within 6 months prior to start study treatment.

         21. Clinically significant active cardiac disease (including NYHA class III or IV
             congestive heart failure)

         22. Venous thromboembolic event (including pulmonary embolism) grade 3 or 4 within 6
             months prior to start study treatment.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall response rate (ORR).
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor measurements will be obtained using CT-scans (or MRIs) of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis at baseline then every 8 weeks (+/- one week) according to RECIST v1.1. At the investigator's discretion, tumor assessments may be repeated at any time if progressive disease is suspected. It is preferred that the scans for a patient are taken with the same technique (CT or MRI) throughout the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease control rate (DCR)
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The disease control rate is the sum of patients with tumor response (either CR or PR) or stabilization (SD) as best response.
Measure:Early response rate
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The early response rate will be evaluated at the first tumor evaluation at 8 weeks (+/- 1 week).
Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS is defined as the time interval from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Alive patients without progression will be censored at the last tumor assessment, either during study treatment period or during follow-up period.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:time interval from randomization to the date of death from any cause. Assessed up to 13 months after the beginning of the study
Safety Issue:
Description:OS is defined as the time interval from randomization to the date of death from any cause. Alive patients will be censored at the last date known to be alive, either during study treatment period or during follow-up period. Survival status will be assessed by telephone, ordinary visits, hospital records or other means found suitable until death or the end of the study, whichever occurs first. Information regarding post-study anti-cancer therapies will be collected if new treatment is initiated.
Measure:Salvage surgery rate
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Salvage surgery rate (%) corresponding to the number of patients amenable to surgery of metastasis during study treatment. The number of patients with R0 or R1 resection will be evaluated.
Measure:Pathological response rate
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The pathological tumor response will be assessed in patients having primary and/or metastasis resection using Tumor Regression Grade (TRG), modified TRG and Blazer grade. (Rubbia-Brandt L et al, Ann Oncol 2007 ; Blazer 3rd DG et al, J Clin Oncol 2008)
Measure:Tolerance
Time Frame:2 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:frequency of AEs and SAEs per patient and per cycle of treatment using NCI CTCAE v5.0.
Measure:HRQoL
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The time until definitive HRQoL score deterioration (TUDD), (Bonnetain F et al, Eur J Cancer 2010) The survival without HRQoL deterioration-free survival (QFS). HRQoL will be assessed with EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire
Measure:Exploratory biomarkers
Time Frame:2 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood : (PlGF, VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, sVEGFR1, sVEGFR2, sVEGFR3, Ang2, sTie2, Syndecan) .Exosomal biomarkers assessments (CEA, HSP70, VEGFR-2) Tumor: Analyses will be performed according to the knowledge on potential markers at that time

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:GCS IHFB Cognacq-Jay

Trial Keywords

  • Aflibercept

Last Updated

May 13, 2020