Clinical Trials /

Docetaxel With or Without Bintrafusp Alfa for the Treatment of Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

NCT04396535

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel works with or without bintrafusp alfa in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Chemotherapy drugs, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with bintrafusp alfa, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving docetaxel and bintrafusp alfa in combination may work better in treating non small-cell lung cancer compared to docetaxel alone.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Docetaxel With or Without Bintrafusp Alfa for the Treatment of Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Official Title: Randomized Phase II Study of Standard Chemotherapy With Docetaxel With or Without Bintrafusp Alfa in Patients With Advanced NSCLC After Progressing on a Combination of Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 Agents and Chemotherapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: MC1821
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2020-02975
  • SECONDARY ID: MC1821
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA015083
  • NCT ID: NCT04396535

Conditions

  • Advanced Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
  • Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
  • Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Bintrafusp AlfaAnti-PDL1/TGFb Trap MSB0011359C, M7824, MSB0011359CArm I (docetaxel, bintrafusp alfa)
DocetaxelDocecad, RP56976, Taxotere, Taxotere Injection ConcentrateArm I (docetaxel, bintrafusp alfa)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel works with or without bintrafusp alfa in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Chemotherapy drugs, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with bintrafusp alfa, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving docetaxel and bintrafusp alfa in combination may work better in treating non small-cell lung cancer compared to docetaxel alone.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of bintrafusp alfa in combination with
      docetaxel versus (vs) docetaxel alone.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate overall survival of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel
      alone.

      II. To evaluate overall response rates of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs
      docetaxel alone.

      III. To evaluate duration of response of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs
      docetaxel alone.

      IV. To evaluate the safety of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel
      alone.

      CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate PD-L1, TGF-beta, and TMB as potential predictive markers of clinical response
      in tumor biopsies and in plasma.

      II. To evaluate biomarkers associated with inhibition of TGF-beta and PD-L1. III. To evaluate
      the changes in immune system using mass cytometry in response to TGF-beta and PD-L1
      inhibition.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

      ARM I: Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and bintrafusp alfa IV over
      60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive bintrafusp alfa IV over 60
      minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      ARM II: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks in
      the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who experience disease
      progression may crossover to Arm I and receive bintrafusp alfa alone.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3
      months for 5 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm I (docetaxel, bintrafusp alfa)ExperimentalPatients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Bintrafusp Alfa
  • Docetaxel
Arm II (docetaxel)Active ComparatorPatients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who experience disease progression may crossover to Arm I and receive bintrafusp alfa alone.
  • Docetaxel

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histological confirmation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with advanced disease

          -  Prior treatment required:

               -  Anti-PD1/PD-L1 agent in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy

                    -  NOTE: This combination must be the most recently administered regimen with
                       no other treatments allowed prior to starting this trial

          -  Measurable disease

               -  NOTE: Tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable
                  disease; Disease that is measurable by physical examination only is not eligible

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2

          -  Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to
             registration)

          -  Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

          -  Total bilirubin =< upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to
             registration)

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) and
             aspartate transaminase (AST/serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 1.5 x
             ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

          -  Alkaline phosphatase <= 2.5 x ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

          -  Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR)/activated partial
             thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN OR if patient is receiving anticoagulant
             therapy INR or aPTT is within target range of therapy (obtained =< 14 days prior to
             registration)

          -  Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
             (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

          -  Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of
             childbearing potential only

               -  NOTE: If a urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum
                  pregnancy test will be required

          -  Willing to use birth control as follows:

               -  If able to become pregnant: Willing to use birth control during treatment and for
                  6 months after last dose of docetaxel and/or bintrafusp alfa, whichever is later

               -  If able to father a child: Willing to use birth control with partners able to
                  become pregnant during treatment and for 3 months after last dose of docetaxel
                  and/or bintrafusp alfa, whichever is later

          -  Provide written informed consent

          -  Willingness to provide mandatory blood specimens for correlative research

          -  Willingness to provide mandatory tissue specimens for correlative research

          -  Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring
             phase of the study)

          -  CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Documented disease progression =< 28 days prior to crossover
             registration

          -  CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: No contraindications to bintrafusp alfa at the time of
             crossover registration

          -  CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Patient and physician agree to try crossover treatment with
             bintrafusp alfa

          -  CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Provide written informed consent

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose
             genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are
             unknown:

               -  Pregnant persons

               -  Nursing persons

               -  Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate
                  contraception

          -  Any of the following prior therapies:

               -  Surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration

               -  Chemotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration

          -  Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment
             of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or
             interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the
             prescribed regimens

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

               -  Ongoing or active infection

               -  Symptomatic congestive heart failure

               -  Unstable angina pectoris

               -  Cardiac arrhythmia

               -  Or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
                  requirements

          -  Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for
             the primary neoplasm

          -  Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to registration

               -  EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix

                    -  NOTE: If there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving
                       other specific treatment for their cancer

          -  History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring
             use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias

          -  Known primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases
             are excluded, with the following exceptions:

               -  Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled, provided all of
                  the following criteria are met:

                    -  Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS

                    -  No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within
                       10 mm of the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm)

                    -  No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage

                    -  No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a
                       stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted

                    -  No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy =< 28 days prior to registration

               -  Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all
                  the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:

                    -  Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of
                       CNS-directed therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the
                       completion of CNS-directed therapy and the screening radiographic study

                    -  No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation =< 28 days prior to
                       registration

                    -  Screening CNS radiographic study >= 4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy
                       and >= 2 weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids

          -  History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to
             chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins

          -  History or current evidence of bleeding disorder, including bleeding diathesis, i.e.,
             any hemorrhage/bleeding event of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
             (CTCAE) grade >= 2 in =< 28 days prior to registration

          -  Taking oral prednisone of >= 10 mg daily or equivalent

          -  Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or
             other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease. Notes:

               -  Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a
                  negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc
                  [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible

               -  Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if
                  polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA)

          -  History or risk of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, systemic lupus
             erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis
             associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's
             syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune
             thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis. Notes:

               -  Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid
                  replacement hormone are eligible

               -  Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen are
                  eligible

               -  Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with
                  dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would
                  be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:

                    -  Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out
                       ocular manifestations

                    -  Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)

                    -  Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency
                       topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%,
                       fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)

                    -  No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months
                       (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate,
                       retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or
                       oral steroids)

          -  Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (defined as patients who are
             not on anti-retroviral treatment and have detectable viral load and CD4+ < 500/ml)

               -  NOTE: HIV-positive patients who are well controlled on anti-retroviral therapy
                  are allowed to enroll

          -  History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced),
             organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing
             pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed
             tomography (CT) scan. Note: History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field
             (fibrosis) is permitted

          -  Severe infections =< 4 weeks prior to registration, including, but not limited to,
             hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia

          -  History of peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2

          -  Known hypersensitivity to docetaxel or polysorbate 80
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS) of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel versus (vs) docetaxel alone
Time Frame:From randomization to the first of either disease progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The primary analysis of PFS will be a comparison of the Kaplan-Meier curves for docetaxel + bintrafusp alfa vs. docetaxel alone using a one-sided log-rank test.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:From study entry to death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the log-rank test will be used to compare the 2 treatment arms.
Measure:Confirmed response rates
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be classified as a confirmed response per the Immune-Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (iRECIST) criteria, if they have a partial or complete response for 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart. The proportion of patients with a confirmed response will be calculated and compared between the 2 arms using a Chi-square of Fisher's Exact test.
Measure:Duration of response
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The duration of confirmed responses will be assessed using the Kaplan Meier method, where the duration of confirmed response will be defined as the time from the first documented date of response (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR]) to the date at which progression is first documented. Duration of response will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the log-rank test will be used to compare the 2 treatment arms.
Measure:Incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Up to 5 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be summarized using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. The frequency and percentage of grade 3+ adverse events will be compared between the 2 treatment arms. Comparisons between arms will be made by using either the Chi-square or Fisher's Exact test.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Mayo Clinic

Last Updated

May 18, 2020