This is an open-label, multicenter, single-arm safety study evaluating the safety and
tolerability of the lasofoxifene and abemaciclib combination for the treatment of pre- and
postmenopausal women with locally advanced or metastatic ER+/HER2− breast cancer who have
disease progression on first and/or 2nd lines of hormonal treatment for metastatic disease
and have an ESR1 mutation.
1. Pre- or postmenopausal.
Postmenopausal women are defined as:
1. ≥ 60 years of age with no vaginal bleeding over the prior year, or
2. < 60 years with "premature menopause" or "premature ovarian failure" manifest
itself with secondary amenorrhea for at least 1 year and follicle stimulating
hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels in the postmenopausal range according to
institutional standards, or
3. surgical menopause with bilateral oophorectomy. Note: Premenopausal women who
meet all of the other entry criteria must be maintained on ovarian suppression
(such as Lupron) during the study and subjects counseled to use appropriate
contraception to prevent pregnancy.
2. If possible, a biopsy of metastatic breast cancer tissue should be obtained to provide
histological or cytological confirmation of ER+/HER2− disease as assessed by a local
laboratory, according to American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American
Pathologists guidelines, using slides, paraffin blocks, or paraffin samples. If a
biopsy is not possible, the ER and HER2 status from the tissue obtained at the time of
the original diagnosis must confirm that the subject is ER+ and HER2−.
3. Locally advanced and/or metastatic breast cancer with radiological or clinical
evidence of progression on the first or 2nd lines of hormonal therapy for metastatic
disease. Progression may have occurred on no more than 2 of the following endocrine
treatments for metastatic breast cancer: an aromatase inhibitor (AI) and/or
fulvestrant either as monotherapy or in combination with any commercially approved
CDKi; and/or the combination of fulvestrant and alpelisib; and/or tamoxifen; and/or
the combination of exemestane/everolimus. (Note: before starting study treatment,
subjects should have stopped any CDKi for at least 21 days)
4. Subjects must have had no evidence of progression for at least 6 months during their
first hormonal treatment for advanced breast cancer.
5. At least one or more of the following ESR1 point mutations as assessed in cell-free
circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) obtained from a blood or tissue sample: Y537S, Y537C,
D538G, E380Q, S463P, V534E, P535H, L536H, L536P, L536R, L536Q, or Y537N. Note: the
Sponsor's blood ctDNA assay must be used but tissue sequencing (if done) may be done
by a validated commercial laboratory.
Note: A positive ESR1 mutation in tissue or ctDNA using a validated commercial assay
if done prior or at the time of disease progression is acceptable to meet this entry
criteria. However, blood for ctDNA must still be obtained for genomic analyses using
the sponsor's ctDNA assay.
6. Locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer with either measurable (according to
RECIST 1.1) or non-measurable lesions.
7. Subjects may have received one cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease
as well as those who received one cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen in the neo-adjuvant
or adjuvant setting prior to entry into the trial can be enrolled but must be free of
all chemotherapy acute toxicity excluding alopecia and Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy
before study entry. A washout period of at least 21 days is required between last
chemotherapy dose and entry into the study.
8. Stable breast cancer metastasis to the brain is allowed as long as the subject has
received radiotherapy and not demonstrated any evidence of brain metastasis
progression for at least 3 months after the completion of radiotherapy.
9. ECOG performance score of 0 or 1.
10. Adequate organ function as shown by:
1. absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3
2. platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3
3. hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dl
4. ALT and AST levels ≤ 3 upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 5 in the presence of
5. total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (≤ 3 X ULN for subjects known to have Gilbert
6. alkaline phosphatase level ≤ 3 ULN
7. creatinine clearance of 40 ml/min or greater as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault
8. International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin (aPTT)
< 2.0 X ULN
11. Able to swallow tablets.
12. Able to understand and voluntarily sign a written informed consent before any
1. Lymphangitic carcinomatosis involving the lung.
2. Visceral crisis in need of cytotoxic chemotherapy as assessed by the investigator.
3. Radiotherapy within 30 days prior to entry into the study except in case of localized
radiotherapy for analgesic purposes or for lytic lesions at risk of fracture, which
can then be completed within 7 days prior to entry into the study. Subjects must have
recovered from radiotherapy toxicities prior to entry into the study.
4. Subjects with known inactivating RB1 mutations or deletions (Screening for RB1
mutation is not required for entry).
5. History of long QTC syndrome or a QTC of > 480 msec.
6. History of a pulmonary embolus (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) within the last 6
months or any known thrombophilia. Subjects stable on anti-coagulants for maintenance
are eligible as long as the DVT and/or PE occurred > 6 months prior to enrollment and
there is no evidence for active thrombosis. The use of low-dose ASA is permitted.
7. Subjects on concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors such as clarithromycin,
telithromycin, nefazodone, itraconazole, ketoconazole, atazanavir, darunavir,
indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, tipranavir.
8. Subjects on strong and moderate CYP3A4 inducers such as amprenavir, barbiturates,
carbamazepine, clotrimazole, dexamethasone, efavirenz, ethosuximide, griseofulvin,
modafinil, nevirapine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, chronic prednisone
treatment, primidone, rifabutin, rifampin, rifapentine, ritonavir, topiramate.
9. Any significant co-morbidity that would impact the study or the subject's safety.
Since CDKi have reported the occurrence of interstitial lung disease (ILD), subjects
with a history of ILD and those with severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen
therapy should not enter the study
10. Subject has an active systemic bacterial or fungal infection (requiring intravenous
[IV] antibiotics at the time of initiating study treatment).
11. History of a positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV)
test. Screening is not required for enrollment.
12. Subjects with hepatitis C virus (HCV) at Screening who still have a viral load.
Subjects previously treated and achieved a HCV cure (no viral load) can be entered
into the study
13. History of malignancy within the past 5 years (excluding breast cancer), except basal
cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin curatively treated by surgery, or
early-stage cervical cancer.
14. Positive pregnancy test (only if premenopausal).
15. History of non-compliance to medical regimens.
16. Unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.
17. Current participation in any clinical research trial involving an investigational drug
or device within the last 30 days.