Clinical Trials /

Local Consolidative Radiotherapy for Oligoprogressive in Non-small Cell Lung Carcinoma

NCT04485026

Description:

This is a randomized phase II study designed to evaluate the effect of local consolidative radiation therapy (LCT) to all sites of oligoprogressive disease in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma who have progressed through first line systemic therapy containing an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI).

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Local Consolidative Radiotherapy for Oligoprogressive in Non-small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study of Local Consolidative Radiotherapy Versus Standard of Care Second Line Systemic Therapy in Patients With Oligoprogressive NSCLC on Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: WFBCCC 62420
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA012197
  • NCT ID: NCT04485026

Conditions

  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Oligoprogressive

Purpose

This is a randomized phase II study designed to evaluate the effect of local consolidative radiation therapy (LCT) to all sites of oligoprogressive disease in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma who have progressed through first line systemic therapy containing an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI).

Detailed Description

      Primary Objective: To compare overall survival (OS) from the time of the time of
      randomization between the treatment and control groups.

      Secondary Objective(s)

        -  To compare the extra-CNS PFS2 (EC-PFS2), defined as the time to extracranial disease
           progression on second line systemic therapy or death from the first day of local
           consolidative radiation therapy (treatment group) or from the start of second line
           therapy (control group).

        -  To evaluate time to initiation of second line systemic therapy or palliative care after
           completion of local consolidative therapy in the treatment group

        -  To compare the toxicities in the treatment and control groups;

        -  To compare overall progression free survival from the time of the first day of local
           consolidative radiation therapy for the treatment group and from the start of second
           line therapy for the control group

        -  To compare the pattern of next progression on second line therapy in the treatment group
           vs the control group.

        -  To evaluate local progression in lesions treated with local consolidative radiation
           therapy.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Local Consolidative Radiation Therapy ArmExperimentalDefinitive external beam radiation therapy will be delivered to all sites of progressive disease for all patients. The technique used to deliver radiation therapy will be determined by the treating radiation oncologist.
    Standard of Care - Control ArmActive ComparatorSecond line systemic therapy is at the discretion of the treating medical oncologist.

      Eligibility Criteria

              Inclusion Criteria:
      
                -  Histologically confirmed diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer.
      
                -  Have completed at least 4 cycles of a first line systemic therapy regimen for
                   metastatic disease that includes a PD-1 axis targeted agent prior to progression.
                   (Patients may be on maintenance/consolidation anti PD-1 axis therapy or have completed
                   maintenance anti PD-1 axis therapy within the last 3 months at the time of
                   progression).
      
                -  Initial response of stable disease (SD), partial response (PR) or complete response
                   (CR) in at least one lesion prior to progression as defined by RECIST v1.1 criteria.
      
                -  Oligoprogressive disease in 4 or fewer lesions (Progression of the primary tumor
                   and/or regional lymph nodes will be counted as one lesion)
      
                -  CNS lesions will not count towards the 4 or fewer progressive lesions if they are all
                   able to be treated with stereotactic radiosurgery.
      
                -  Progression by RECIST v1.1 criteria or by PET/CT criteria will be considered
                   progressive disease. Both are not required to determine progressive disease.
      
              Progression for study entry will be defined as by a modified RECIST v1.1 criteria,
              including: Development of a new lesion; increase in the longest diameter (shortest diameter
              for lymph node lesions) of any individual lesion by 20% above nadir and a minimal increase
              of 5 mm.
      
                -  In cases of PET/CT, the criteria for progression of PET/CT are: Any individual FDG
                   avid lesion with an uptake greater than twice that of the surrounding tissue on the
                   attenuation corrected image. Any individual FDG avid lesion with greater than 30%
                   increase in 18F-FDG SUV peak, with greater than 0.8 SUV units increase in tumor SUV
                   from the nadir or the pre-enrollment PET/CT in pattern typical of tumor and not of
                   infection/treatment effect per the treating investigator. Visible increase in the
                   extent of 18F-FDG uptake of any lesion by 20% in the longest diameter and an absolute
                   increase of at least 5mm that is not consistent with treatment effect and/or infection
                   per the treating investigator. No more than the following number of progressing
                   lesions in any one organ (including any lesions previously treated with radiation
                   therapy). Less than or equal to four (4) lung lesions (including primary and
                   mediastinal lymph nodes as one lesion). Less than or equal to three (3) liver lesions.
                   Less than or equal to three (3) cumulative vertebral lesions
      
                -  At least one non-progressing lesion, which may not have undergone prior definitive
                   local therapy.
      
                -  All progressive lesions must be amenable to definitive radiation therapy as determined
                   by the treating radiation oncologist.
      
                -  Age of 18 years or greater.
      
                -  ECOG Performance Status of 0-2.
      
                -  Negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 2 weeks of the date of enrollment
      
                -  for women of child-bearing potential.
      
                -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign an IRB-approved informed consent
                   document (either directly or via a legally authorized representative).
      
                -  If EGFR and/or ALK status is unknown, the patient is eligible.
      
              Exclusion Criteria:
      
                -  Inability to safely treat all progressive lesions with definitive radiation therapy as
                   determined by the treating radiation oncologist
      
                -  Patients may not be receiving any other investigational anti-cancer agents.
      
                -  Progressive disease in the CNS only.
      
                -  Known targetable EGFR mutation or EML4-ALK fusion.
      
                -  Progressive cutaneous metastases.
      
                -  Progressive disease involving the esophagus, stomach, or intestines.
      
                -  Malignant pleural or pericardial effusion at the time of oligoprogression.
      
                -  Thoracentesis/thoracoscopic biopsy for a stable or asymptomatic pleural effusion is
                   not required unless the effusion is hypermetabolic on PET/CT or if there are active
                   pleural based metastatic lesions at the time of oligoprogression.
      
                -  Effusions that are too small for thoracentesis/pericardiocentesis are considered
                   resolved for the purposes of trial eligibility.
      
                -  Pregnant women are excluded from this study because radiation therapy has known
                   potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects.
      
                -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active
                   infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, symptomatic congestive heart failure,
                   unstable angina pectoris, unstable cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social
                   situations that would limit compliance with study requirements as determined by the
                   treating physician.
            
      Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
      Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
      Eligible Gender:All
      Healthy Volunteers:No

      Primary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Overall Survival
      Time Frame:3 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:In each arm overall survival will be defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause. . Patients who are alive at the last follow up at the end of the study will be censored at the date of the last follow up appointment. A comparison of overall survival between the two groups will be made first using bivariate Kaplan-Meier method and then a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model. Participants who do not die during the course of observation will be right censored. Key covariates to be included in multivariable modeling include age, ECOG status, number of progressive treated sites (1 vs 2-4), and PD-L1 status (>=50%; 1%-49%; < 1%).

      Secondary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Time to Progression Between Both Arms
      Time Frame:3 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Investigators will compare progression after second line of therapy between both arms first using the bivariate Kaplan-Meier method and then a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model age, ECOG status, number of progressive treated sites (1 vs 2-4), and PD-L1 status (>=50%; 1%-49%; < 1%). RECIST version 1.1 criteria will be used to assess for progression.
      Measure:Time to Second Line of Systemic Therapy or Palliative Care (Local Consolidative Radiation Therapy Arm Only)
      Time Frame:Up to 2 years after the completion of intervention
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The time to the second line systemic therapy or palliative care will be defined as the time from the completion of local consolidation therapy to the first day of cycle 1 of a systemic therapy the patient has not yet received OR the date of hospice enrollment, whichever is sooner. Patients experiencing neither of these events will be censored at last follow up visit. Estimated median time to second line therapy (or palliative care) and corresponding 95% confidence interval as well as estimated proportion (and corresponding 95% confidence interval) of the treatment group who have started second-line therapy (or palliative care) by key time points including 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after the end of local consolidative therapy.
      Measure:Incidences of Toxicities
      Time Frame:Up to 3 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Toxicities will be evaluated per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. Toxicities between the two arms by comparing the proportions with grade 2 or higher, and grade 3 or higher, toxicities of any type at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months following randomization using a chi-square test on the relevant 2x2 contingency table.
      Measure:Progression Free Survival
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Progression free survival will be assessed by a modified RECIST version 1.1 criteria. If any individual target lesion meets RECIST v1.1 criteria - specifically an increase in the longest diameter (shortest diameter for lymph node lesions) of at least 20% and 5 mm absolute increase, the patient will be considered to have progression of disease. The criteria for determining pseudoprogression versus true progression and for mild progression while systemic therapy is held for the delivery of local consolidative radiation therapy in the treatment arm will be used for this outcome measure as well. Repeat oligoprogression will also be counted as progressive disease.
      Measure:Time to Next Progression Following Local Consolidative Radiation Therapy or Second Line Systemic Therapy
      Time Frame:Up to 3 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The pattern of next progression following local consolidation therapy (in treatment group) or second line systemic therapy (in control group) into one of three possible mutually exclusive and exhaustive categories: No progression, repeat oligoprogression or polyprogression, and will compare these patterns between the two groups using a chi-square analysis on the resulting 2x3 contingency table.
      Measure:Proportion of Local of Lesions Treated with Local Consolidative Radiation Therapy That Progress
      Time Frame:Up to 5 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Investigators will estimate proportion of lesions treated with local consolidative radiation therapy that experienced local progression (yes/no by study end) and construct a 95% confidence interval around this estimate.

      Details

      Phase:Phase 2
      Primary Purpose:Interventional
      Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
      Lead Sponsor:Wake Forest University Health Sciences

      Last Updated

      July 20, 2020