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Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant Versus Placebo Plus Fulvestrant in Chinese Men and Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

NCT04544189

Description:

The primary objective is to evaluate whether treatment with alpelisib in combination with fulvestrant prolongs Progression Free Survival (PFS) compared to treatment with placebo in combination with fulvestrant. The primary scientific question of interest is: what is the treatment effect based on PFS for alpelisib in combination with fulvestrant versus placebo in combination with fulvestrant in Chinese men and postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer with a PIK3CA mutation, who received prior treatment with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) either as (neo) adjuvant treatment or as treatment for advanced disease, regardless of study treatment discontinuation or start of new anti-neoplastic therapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant Versus Placebo Plus Fulvestrant in Chinese Men and Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of Alpelisib in Combination With Fulvestrant for Chinese Men and Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive, HER2-negative, PIK3CA Mutant Advanced Breast Cancer Which Progressed on or After Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) Treatment, Including a Subset With Pharmacokinetic Analysis

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CBYL719C2201
  • NCT ID: NCT04544189

Conditions

  • Breast Neoplasms

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AlpelisibBYL719Alpelisib+Fulvestrant (randomized cohort)
FulvestrantAlpelisib+Fulvestrant (randomized cohort)
PlaceboPlacebo+Fulvestrant (randomized cohort)

Purpose

The primary objective is to evaluate whether treatment with alpelisib in combination with fulvestrant prolongs Progression Free Survival (PFS) compared to treatment with placebo in combination with fulvestrant. The primary scientific question of interest is: what is the treatment effect based on PFS for alpelisib in combination with fulvestrant versus placebo in combination with fulvestrant in Chinese men and postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer with a PIK3CA mutation, who received prior treatment with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) either as (neo) adjuvant treatment or as treatment for advanced disease, regardless of study treatment discontinuation or start of new anti-neoplastic therapy.

Detailed Description

      This is a Phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center study
      conducted in Chinese men and postmenopausal women with HR- positive, HER2-negative, PIK3CA
      mutant advanced breast cancer which progressed on or after AI treatment. The study also
      includes a single arm, open-label cohort (the PK cohort) to conduct pharmacokinetic analysis.

      For the randomized cohort, in the randomized treatment phase, subjects will be randomized 1:1
      to receive alpelisib or matching placebo plus fulvestrant.

      A total of approximately 120 subjects will be enrolled; randomization will be stratified by:

        1. Lung and/or liver metastases (yes versus no)

        2. Previous treatment with any CDK4/6 inhibitor (yes versus no) The total number of
           subjects pre-treated with any CDK4/6 inhibitor will be limited to 30% of the total
           number of subjects.

      Approximately 15 subjects meeting the same inclusion/exclusion criteria as the randomized
      cohort will be enrolled into the PK cohort. Subjects in the PK cohort will receive alpelisib
      plus fulvestrant.

      Subjects will continue to receive study treatment until disease progression as determined by
      investigator, unacceptable toxicity, or until discontinuation of study treatment due to any
      other reason.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Alpelisib+Fulvestrant (randomized cohort)ExperimentalAlpelisib (300 mg by mouth once daily, in a 28-day cycle) plus fulvestrant (500 mg intramuscular [as two 250mg/5 ml injections] on Day 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 and on Day 1 of every Cycle thereafter)
  • Alpelisib
  • Fulvestrant
Placebo+Fulvestrant (randomized cohort)Placebo ComparatorPlacebo (300 mg by mouth once daily, in a 28-day cycle) plus fulvestrant (500 mg intramuscular [as two 250mg/5 ml injections] on Day 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 and on Day 1 of every Cycle thereafter)
  • Fulvestrant
  • Placebo
PK cohort (open label cohort)ExperimentalAlpelisib (300 mg by mouth once daily, in a 28-day cycle) plus fulvestrant (500 mg intramuscular [as two 250mg/5 ml injections] on Day 1 and 15 of Cycle 1 and on Day 1 of every Cycle thereafter)
  • Alpelisib
  • Fulvestrant

Eligibility Criteria

        Key Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Participant has adequate tumor tissue for the analysis of PIK3CA mutational status by
             a Novartis designated laboratory. One new or recent biopsy (collected at screening if
             feasible) or archival tumor block or slides (3 slides minimum from a surgical
             specimen, or 7 slides minimum from a core needle biopsy) must be provided. It is
             recommended to provide a tumor sample collected after the most recent progression or
             recurrence.

          -  Chinese man or postmenopausal woman ≥ 18 years of age

          -  Participant has identified PIK3CA mutation (as determined by a Novartis designated
             laboratory)

          -  Participant has a histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of ER+
             and/or PgR+ breast cancer by local laboratory.

          -  Participant has HER2-negative breast cancer defined as a negative in situ
             hybridization test or an IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+. If IHC is 2+, a negative in situ
             hybridization (FISH, CISH or SISH) test is required by local laboratory testing

          -  Participant has either

          -  Measurable disease, i.e., at least one measurable lesion as per RECIST 1.1 criteria (a
             lesion at a previously irradiated site may only be counted as a target lesion if there
             is clear sign of progression since the irradiation) OR

          -  If no measurable disease is present, then at least one predominantly lytic bone lesion
             must be present (Participants with no measurable disease and only one predominantly
             lytic bone lesion that has been previously irradiated are eligible if there is
             documented evidence of disease progression of the bone lesion after irradiation).

          -  Participant has advanced (loco regionally recurrent not amenable to curative therapy
             or metastatic) breast cancer.

          -  Participants may be:

          -  relapsed with documented evidence of progression while on (neo) adjuvant endocrine
             therapy or within 12 months from completion of (neo)adjuvant endocrine therapy with no
             treatment for metastatic disease

          -  relapsed with documented evidence of progression more than 12 months from completion
             of (neo)adjuvant endocrine therapy and then subsequently progressed with documented
             evidence of progression while on or after only one line of endocrine therapy for
             metastatic disease

          -  newly diagnosed advanced breast cancer, then relapsed with documented evidence of
             progression while on or after only one line of endocrine therapy

          -  Patient has ECOG performance status 0 or 1.

          -  Patient has adequate bone marrow function.

        Key Exclusion Criteria

          -  Participant with symptomatic visceral disease or any disease burden that makes the
             Participant ineligible for endocrine therapy per the investigator's best judgment.

          -  Participant has received prior treatment with chemotherapy (except for (neo)adjuvant/
             adjuvant chemotherapy), fulvestrant, any PI3K, mTOR or AKT inhibitor.

          -  Participant has a known hypersensitivity to alpelisib or fulvestrant, or to any of the
             excipients of alpelisib or fulvestrant.

          -  Participant has received radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks or limited field radiation for
             palliation ≤ 2 weeks prior to randomization, and who has not recovered to grade 1 or
             better from related side effects of such therapy (with the exception of alopecia)
             and/or from whom ≥ 25% of the bone marrow was irradiated.

          -  Participant has a concurrent malignancy or malignancy within 3 years of randomization,
             with the exception of adequately treated, basal or squamous cell carcinoma,
             non-melanomatous skin cancer or curatively resected cervical cancer.

          -  Participant with an established diagnosis at screening of diabetes mellitus type I or
             not controlled type II

          -  Participant has currently documented pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease

          -  History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of screening or a past medical history of
             chronic pancreatitis

          -  Participant with unresolved osteonecrosis of the jaw

          -  Participant has a history of severe cutaneous reactions like Stevens- Johnson-Syndrome
             (SJS), Erythema Multiforme (EM), or Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), or Drug Reaction
             with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS).

        Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:From the date of randomization to the date of the first documented progression or death due to any cause, up to approximately 34 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of the first documented progression or death due to any cause. The primary analysis for PFS will be performed based on local radiology assessment according to RECIST 1.1.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:From date of randomization to date of death due to any cause, up to approximately 48 months.
Safety Issue:
Description:OS is defined as the time from date of randomization to date of death due to any cause. OS will be analyzed in the FAS population according to the randomized treatment arm and strata assigned at randomization.
Measure:Overall response rate (ORR)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 34 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall response rate (ORR) with confirmed response is defined as the proportion of subjects with best overall response (BOR) of confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR) based on local investigator's assessment according to RECIST 1.1
Measure:Clinical benefit rate (CBR) with confirmed response
Time Frame:Up to approximately 34 months
Safety Issue:
Description:CBR is defined as the proportion of subjects with a best overall response of confirmed complete response (CR), or confirmed partial response (PR) or an overall response of confirmed stable disease (SD), lasting for a duration of at least 24 weeks. CR, PR and SD are defined as per local review according to RECIST 1.1.
Measure:Pharmacokinetics (PK): Trough concentration of alpelisib in plasma
Time Frame:Predose at Cycle (C) 1 Day (D) 15, C2 D1, C4 D1 and C6 D1 (Cycle=28 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Pre-dose concentration of alpelisib at steady state on planed days. Measurement of alpelisib will be performed only in subjects randomized to the alpelisib arm.
Measure:Time to definitive deterioration in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS)
Time Frame:Up to approximately 30 months.
Safety Issue:
Description:PS will be assessed using ECOG scale. The scale consists of 4 grades (from 0 to 4) where 0 implies fully active and 4 implies completely disabled. Subjects will be censored if no definitive deterioration in ECOG PS is observed before the analysis cut-off date. The censoring date will be the date of the last PS assessment prior to cut- off. (Approximately up to 30 months)
Measure:Number of participants with Adverse Events (AEs)
Time Frame:From date of randomization until the end of the study, up to approximately 48 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Incidence, type, and severity of AEs per CTCAE version 4.03 criteria including changes in laboratory values, vital signs, liver assessments and cardiac assessments
Measure:Number of participants with dose interruptions
Time Frame:Up to approximately 30 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Tolerability measured by the number of subjects who have interruptions of study treatment
Measure:Number of participants with dose reductions
Time Frame:Up to approximately 30 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Tolerability measured by the number of subjects who have reductions of study treatment.
Measure:Dose intensity
Time Frame:Up to approximately 30 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Tolerability measured by the dose intensity of study drug
Measure:PFS based on local radiology assessments and using RECIST 1.1 criteria by PIK3CA mutation status measured in baseline ctDNA
Time Frame:Baseline and from randomization up to approximately 34 months
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of the first documented progression based on local radiology assessment and according to RECIST 1.1 or death due to any cause. Results will be presented by PIK3CA mutation status measured in baseline ctDNA
Measure:Pharmacokinetics (PK) of alpelisib when given in combination with fulvestrant (PK cohort): Maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax)
Time Frame:Cycle (C) 1 Day (D) 1 and 15 pre-dose, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post-dose; and pre-dose on C2D1, C4D1 and C6D1
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood samples are collected at indicated time-points for analysis of Cmax in PK cohort.
Measure:Pharmacokinetics (PK) of alpelisib when given in combination with fulvestrant (PK cohort): Time to reach maximum plasma concentration (Tmax)
Time Frame:Cycle (C) 1 Day (D) 1 and 15 pre-dose, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post-dose; and pre-dose on C2D1, C4D1 and C6D1
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood samples are collected at indicated time-points for analysis of Tmax in PK cohort.
Measure:Pharmacokinetics (PK) of alpelisib when given in combination with fulvestrant (PK cohort): Area under the curve from time 0 to 24h (AUC0-24h)
Time Frame:Cycle (C) 1 Day (D) 1 and 15 pre-dose, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours post-dose; and pre-dose on C2D1, C4D1 and C6D1
Safety Issue:
Description:Blood samples are collected at indicated time-points for analysis of AUC0-24h in PK cohort

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Trial Keywords

  • Alpelisib
  • Fulvestrant
  • PIK3CA mutant advanced breast cancer
  • randomized cohort
  • PK cohort
  • Chinese population

Last Updated

September 3, 2020