This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety
and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works
in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the combination of ipilimumab
and nivolumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer but they have been
approved for other uses.
The FDA has not approved ipilimumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer,
but it has been approved for other uses.
The FDA has not approved nivolumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer,
but it has been approved for other uses.
Ipilimumab and Nivolumab are both genetically-engineered antibodies. An antibody is a protein
that can attach to specific molecular targets. Ipilimumab and nivolumab work by activating
the immune system, which can help to fight certain cancers. This trial explores whether
radiation therapy may increase the benefit from immune activation with ipilimumab and
The research study procedures include screening for eligibility, and study treatment
including evaluations and follow up visits.
Participants will be in this research study for as long as the study interventions are safe
and beneficial. Participants will then be followed for up to 5 years.
It is expected that about 30 people will take part in this research study.
Bristol-Myers Squibb, a pharmaceutical company, is supporting this research study by
providing funding for this study, including the two study drugs.
- Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of
- Age >18 years.
- ECOG performance status <1
- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
- Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined in Table 1, all
screening labs should be performed within 14 days of protocol registration.
- Table 1 Adequate Organ Function Laboratory Values:
- System Laboratory Value
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000 /mcL
- White blood count (WBC) ≥2000 /mcL
- Platelets ≥75,000 / mcL
- Hemoglobin ≥7.5 g/dL
- Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance
(GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl)≤ Serum
creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl)
- 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):
Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 72 x
serum creatinine in mg/dL Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x
weight in kg x 1.00 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
- Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (subjects with Gilbert Syndrome
can have a total bilirubin <3 mg/dL
- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with
- International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5
X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as
PT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
- Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤2.5 X ULN unless
subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PTT is
within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
- Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of
contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30
days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last
dose of investigational drug.
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
(minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG).
- Women must not be breastfeeding.
- Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a
failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually
active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7
months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of
childbearing potential, ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as
azoospermic men do not require contraception.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- If applicable, stable dose of dexamethasone 2 mg or less (or equivalent dose of
another steroid) for 7 days prior to initiation of treatment.
- One previously unirradiated measurable lesion amenable to radiotherapy 8 Gy x 3 and
can meet dose constraints, and another unirradiated measurable lesion > 1 cm in size
(>15 mm for nodal disease) outside the radiation field that can be used as measurable
- Colorectal patients must have documentation of microsatellite status: MSS or pMMR.
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or PCR is acceptable.
- Colorectal patients must have received any prior combination of Fluorouracil (5FU),
Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin, or have a contraindication/intolerance to receiving these
Patients may have received these agents all together or sequentially.
- Participants who have had chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy or study
therapy within 14 days of protocol treatment, or those who have not recovered (i.e., ≤
Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2
weeks earlier. Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion
and may qualify for the study. If subject received major surgery, they must have
recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention
prior to starting therapy.
- Patients who have had radiation within 8 weeks prior to protocol registration.
- Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
- Patients are excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease
other than those listed below. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo,
type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only
requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or
conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger.
- Patients are excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with
either corticosteroids (> 12 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other
immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or
topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 12 mg daily prednisone equivalents
are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to
use topical, ocular, intraarticular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids
(with minimal systemic absorption).
Physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if > 12
mg/day prednisone equivalents. A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g.,
contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type
hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.
- Patients are excluded if they have previously received anti-CTLA-4 therapy. Prior
anti- PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 therapy is permitted with 6-month washout period unless the
following treatment-related toxicities are present:
- Any toxicity NCI CTCAE grade >/= 3 from previous immunotherapy that did not
resolve to grade 1 with or without immunosuppressive therapy. Patients must be
off all immunosuppressive therapy prior to enrollment.
- Myocarditis, any grade.
- Pneumonitis, any grade.
- Patients with grade 2 hepatitis or colitis will be evaluated on a case-by-case
basis and may be included only after consultation with a Gastroenterologist and
the study physician.
- Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
- No active or chronic HBV or HCV. Patients are excluded if they have a positive test
for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid
(HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection. Subjects with a history of HBV
or HCV require documentation of treatment completion, further testing is not required.
- Patients are excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
These participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow
suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving
combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
through 5 months for woman and 7 months for men, after the last dose of trial
- Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
- Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
- Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Has received a live/attenuated vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study
Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and
are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated
vaccines, and are not allowed.
- History of allergy to study drug components.
- History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.
- Uncontrolled brain metastases. Patients treated with radiation > 4 weeks prior with
follow up imaging showing control are eligible