Clinical Trials /

Cabozantinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

NCT04588051

Description:

There have been lack of clinical studies on the role of drug treatment in patients who develop progressive disease with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Amongst HCC patients who become intolerant or refractory to sorafenib, cabozantinib has been shown by phase III clinical trial (CELESTIAL) to prolong the overall survival of patients, as compared to placebo. It is expected more patients will be treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors in future, hence it is clinically important to study the efficacy and toxicity of cabozantinib after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Further, both MET activation and upregulation of regulatory T cells are implicated in resistance mechanism to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Immuno-modulatory effects of cabozantinib have been described in vitro and in murine models for several cancers. Moreover, cabozantinib appears to exert its effect on regulatory T cells (Tregs) via the HGF/c-Met pathway, where this receptor signaling cascade mediates multiple immune cell functions. HGF was shown to suppress DC function and in turn induce Tregs (CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3) in a murine central nervous system (CNS) autoimmunity model. HGF cultured monocytes differentiate into monocytic cells that produce soluble factors that favor immune suppressive conditions ideal for tumor progression. Above immunomodulatory effects could enable cabozantinib to reverse the immunosuppressive phenotype in patients after failure with immune checkpoint inhibitors. The starting dose of cabozantinib of 60mg once daily in the current study is chosen in accordance with approved dose by FDA for treatment of advanced HCC

Related Conditions:
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Cabozantinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial to Study the Efficacy of Cabozantinib in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Refractory to Checkpoint Inhibitors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: HCC063
  • NCT ID: NCT04588051

Conditions

  • HCC

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CabozantinibCabozantinib

Purpose

There have been lack of clinical studies on the role of drug treatment in patients who develop progressive disease with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Amongst HCC patients who become intolerant or refractory to sorafenib, cabozantinib has been shown by phase III clinical trial (CELESTIAL) to prolong the overall survival of patients, as compared to placebo. It is expected more patients will be treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors in future, hence it is clinically important to study the efficacy and toxicity of cabozantinib after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Further, both MET activation and upregulation of regulatory T cells are implicated in resistance mechanism to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Immuno-modulatory effects of cabozantinib have been described in vitro and in murine models for several cancers. Moreover, cabozantinib appears to exert its effect on regulatory T cells (Tregs) via the HGF/c-Met pathway, where this receptor signaling cascade mediates multiple immune cell functions. HGF was shown to suppress DC function and in turn induce Tregs (CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3) in a murine central nervous system (CNS) autoimmunity model. HGF cultured monocytes differentiate into monocytic cells that produce soluble factors that favor immune suppressive conditions ideal for tumor progression. Above immunomodulatory effects could enable cabozantinib to reverse the immunosuppressive phenotype in patients after failure with immune checkpoint inhibitors. The starting dose of cabozantinib of 60mg once daily in the current study is chosen in accordance with approved dose by FDA for treatment of advanced HCC

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
CabozantinibExperimental
  • Cabozantinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Diagnosis of HCC according to AASLD guidelines

          2. Disease that is not amenable to a curative treatment (e.g. surgery, transplant,
             radiofrequency ablation)

          3. Prior treatment with immune check-point inhibitor (including anti-PD1, anti-CTLA4,
             anti-PD1 plus anti-CTLA4, or above agents plus other targeted agents)

          4. For patients who stop immune check-point inhibitor due to progressive disease, the
             duration of immune check-point inhibitor must be 8 weeks or longer

          5. Recovery to ≤ Grade 1 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless the
             adverse events are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy

          6. Life expectancy of 12 weeks or longer

          7. Age ≥ 18 years old

          8. ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2

          9. Adequate hematological function

               1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.2 x109/L

               2. Platelets ≥ 60 x 109/L

               3. Hemoglobin ≥ 8g/dL

         10. Adequate renal function

               1. serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal or calculated creatinine clearance
                  ≥ 40 mL/min (using the Cockroft-Gault equation) AND

               2. urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) ≤ 1 mg/mg (≤ 113.1 mg/mmol) or 24-hour
                  urine protein < 1 g

         11. Child-Pugh Score of A5 or 6

         12. Total bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL (≤ 34.2 μmol/L)

         13. Serum albumin > 2 g/dL (> 20 g/L)

         14. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3.0 upper limit of normal (ULN)

         15. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≤ 8%

         16. Antiviral therapy per local standard of care if active hepatitis B (HBV) infection

         17. Capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and signed
             informed consent

         18. Sexually active fertile subjects and their partners must agree to use medically
             accepted methods of contraception (e.g., barrier methods, including male condom,
             female condom, or diaphragm with spermicidal gel) during the course of the study and
             for 4 months after the last dose of study treatment

         19. Female subjects of childbearing potential must not be pregnant at screening.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Fibrolamellar carcinoma or mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma

          2. Prior cabozantinib treatment

          3. More than two lines of systemic therapy (i.e. cabozantinib must be either 2nd line or
             3rd line systemic treatment)

          4. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with
             radiotherapy and/or surgery (including radiosurgery) and stable for at least 3 months
             before randomization.

          5. Concurrent steroid use of prednisolone >10mg once daily

          6. Presence of thrombosis or tumor invasion in inferior vena cava

          7. Concomitant anticoagulation, at therapeutic doses, with anticoagulants such as
             warfarin or warfarin-related agents, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), thrombin or
             coagulation factor X (FXa) inhibitors, or antiplatelet agents (eg, clopidogrel). Low
             dose aspirin for cardioprotection (per local applicable guidelines), low-dose warfarin
             (≤ 1 mg/day), and low dose LMWH are permitted.

          8. The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including,
             but not limited to, the following conditions:

             a. Cardiovascular disorders including i. Symptomatic congestive heart failure,
             unstable angina pectoris, or serious cardiac arrhythmias ii. Uncontrolled hypertension
             defined as sustained BP > 150 mm Hg systolic, or > 100 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal
             antihypertensive treatment iii. Stroke (including TIA), myocardial infarction, or
             other ischemic event within 6 months iv. Thromboembolic event within 3 months.
             Subjects with thromboses of portal/hepatic vasculature attributed to underlying liver
             disease and/or liver tumour are eligible b. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including
             those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation/bleeding: i.
             Tumours invading the GI tract, active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel
             disease, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, acute
             pancreatitis or acute obstruction of the pancreatic duct or common bile duct, or
             gastric outlet obstruction ii. Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, bowel obstruction,
             intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months

          9. Major surgery within 2 months before randomization. Complete healing from major
             surgery must have occurred 1 month before randomization. Complete healing from minor
             surgery (eg, simple excision, tooth extraction) must have occurred at least 7 days
             before registration. Subjects with clinically relevant co d. Cavitating pulmonary
             lesion(s) or endobronchial disease

         10. Lesion invading a major blood vessel (eg, pulmonary artery or aorta)

         11. Clinically significant bleeding risk including the following within 3 months of
             registration: hematuria, hematemesis, hemoptysis of >0.5 teaspoon (>2.5 mL) of red
             blood, or other signs indicative of pulmonary hemorrhage, or history of other
             significant bleeding if not due to reversible external factors

         12. Subjects with untreated or incompletely treated varices with bleeding or high risk for
             bleeding are excluded with the following clarification: subjects with history of prior
             variceal bleeding must have been treated with adequate endoscopic therapy without any
             evidence of recurrent bleeding for at least 6 months prior to study entry and must be
             stable on optimal medical management (e.g. non-selective beta blocker, proton pump
             inhibitor) at study entry.

         13. Moderate or severe ascites (Radiologically detected but clinically insignificant
             ascites is allowed)

         14. Corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms within 21
             days of registration Note: If the QTcF is > 500 ms in first ECG, a total of 3 ECGs
             should be performed. If the average of these 3 consecutive results for QTcF is ≤ 500
             ms, the subject meets eligibility in this regard.

         15. Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment
             formulations

         16. Pregnant or lactating females

         17. Diagnosis of another malignancy within 2 years before randomization, except for
             superficial skin cancers, or localized, low-grade tumors deemed cured and not treated
             with systemic therapy

         18. Other clinically significant disorders that are judged by investigators to be
             unsuitable for the clinical trial
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Median Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Median Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Survival rate at 1-year
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Median time-to-progression
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Radiological response rate (RR) according to RECIST 1.1
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Radiological disease control rate (DCR) according to RECISIT 1.1
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Rate of adverse events according to CTCAE v5.0
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Stephen Chan Lam

Last Updated

October 21, 2020