Clinical Trials /

CDK4/6 Tumor, Abemaciclib, Paclitaxel

NCT04594005

Description:

Cyclin D-dependent kinases (CDKs) are often activated in human cancer owing to various genetic and epigenetic events. This affects regulatory pathways, and it results in uncontrolled proliferation due to loss of checkpoint integrity. Most tumors show increased activity of CDKs, and this permits escape from senescence during the evolution of malignancy. Among them, cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4 pathway alterations accelerate G1 progression which provides proliferative and survival advantage to cancer. Therefore, preclinical data demonstrated inhibition of cyclin D-dependent kinase activity have therapeutic benefit. CDK4/6 controls entry into cell cycle progression by regulating Retinoblastoma protein (Rb). The majority of human cancers are known to retain wild-type Rb. In addition, CDK4 amplification and mutations also noted in several tumors. In Rb retained tumors, CDK 4/6 inhibitors reduced Rb phosphorylation and induced G1 arrest. In previous study, CDK4/6 inhibitor showed antitumor activities in Rb-positive breast and colon cancer cell lines. Rapid tumor regression was also noticed in mouse xenograft model. In CDK4 amplified sarcoma cell lines, knockdown of CDK4 inhibited cancer cell proliferation. Cyclin D1 acts with CDK4 and CDK6 to phosphorylate Rb and promote cell-cycle progression, and CDK4/6 inhibitor might be effective for the patients with CCND1/2/3 amplification/mutation or CDK 4/6 amplification. Therefore, basket trial (NCT03310879) is ongoing for the patients with genomic alterations in CCND1, CDKN2A, or CDK4. Amplification/mutation of CCND1/2/3 and CDK4/6 occurs in approximately 15-30% of various solid tumors; sarcoma, GBM, melanoma, gem cell tumor, and gynecologic tumors Regarding the more potent synergistic effect, paclitaxel demonstrated a rationale for promising combination partner with CDK 4/6 inhibitors. In non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, synergistic anti-tumor activities were reported with paclitaxel combination. Corollary, we planned to conduct the phase Ib/II trial of abemaciclib and paclitaxel combination in CDK4/6 pathway activated tumors as one subgroup of multi-arms in ongoing basket trial.

Related Conditions:
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: CDK4/6 Tumor, Abemaciclib, Paclitaxel
  • Official Title: An Open-label, Multi-center Phase IB/II Study of Abemaciclib With Paclitaxel for CDK4/6 Pathway Activated Tumors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 4-2020-0091
  • NCT ID: NCT04594005

Conditions

  • Tumors

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
abemaciclib+paclitaxelabemaciclib+paclitaxel

Purpose

Cyclin D-dependent kinases (CDKs) are often activated in human cancer owing to various genetic and epigenetic events. This affects regulatory pathways, and it results in uncontrolled proliferation due to loss of checkpoint integrity. Most tumors show increased activity of CDKs, and this permits escape from senescence during the evolution of malignancy. Among them, cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4 pathway alterations accelerate G1 progression which provides proliferative and survival advantage to cancer. Therefore, preclinical data demonstrated inhibition of cyclin D-dependent kinase activity have therapeutic benefit. CDK4/6 controls entry into cell cycle progression by regulating Retinoblastoma protein (Rb). The majority of human cancers are known to retain wild-type Rb. In addition, CDK4 amplification and mutations also noted in several tumors. In Rb retained tumors, CDK 4/6 inhibitors reduced Rb phosphorylation and induced G1 arrest. In previous study, CDK4/6 inhibitor showed antitumor activities in Rb-positive breast and colon cancer cell lines. Rapid tumor regression was also noticed in mouse xenograft model. In CDK4 amplified sarcoma cell lines, knockdown of CDK4 inhibited cancer cell proliferation. Cyclin D1 acts with CDK4 and CDK6 to phosphorylate Rb and promote cell-cycle progression, and CDK4/6 inhibitor might be effective for the patients with CCND1/2/3 amplification/mutation or CDK 4/6 amplification. Therefore, basket trial (NCT03310879) is ongoing for the patients with genomic alterations in CCND1, CDKN2A, or CDK4. Amplification/mutation of CCND1/2/3 and CDK4/6 occurs in approximately 15-30% of various solid tumors; sarcoma, GBM, melanoma, gem cell tumor, and gynecologic tumors Regarding the more potent synergistic effect, paclitaxel demonstrated a rationale for promising combination partner with CDK 4/6 inhibitors. In non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, synergistic anti-tumor activities were reported with paclitaxel combination. Corollary, we planned to conduct the phase Ib/II trial of abemaciclib and paclitaxel combination in CDK4/6 pathway activated tumors as one subgroup of multi-arms in ongoing basket trial.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
abemaciclib+paclitaxelExperimental
  • abemaciclib+paclitaxel

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors,
             for which standard therapy proven to provide clinical benefit no longer

               -  CDK4/6 activated tumors on next-generation sequencing or FISH (fluorescence in
                  situ hybridization) analyses

                  - CCND1, 2, or 3 high-level amplification, CCND1 mutation, or a CCND1 splice
                  variant expected to lead to nuclear retention of cyclin D1 protein

                  - CDK4 or CDK6 high-level amplification

                    -  ECOG performance status of 0 to 1

                         -  ≥ 19 years of age

                              -  Subjects with measurable or evaluable disease ⑥ Subjects who meet
                                 the following criteria: - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000
                                 /µL (*ANC = Neutrophil segs + Neutrophil bands) - Platelet count ≥
                                 75,000/ µL - Serum creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

                                   -  AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) < 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
                                      (If there is Liver Metastasis < 5 x upper limit of normal
                                      (ULN))

                                   -  Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

                                        -  Provision of written informed consent prior to any study
                                           procedure

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Any unresolved chronic toxicity greater than CTC grade 2 from previous anticancer
             therapy.

               -  Any previous chemotherapy or immunotherapy within 2 weeks or at least 3-5
                  half-lives for previous chemo/immunotherapy whichever is longer.

                    -  Any major operation or irradiation within 2 weeks of baseline disease
                       assessment

                         -  Any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities which may
                            impair intake or absorption of the study drug

                              -  Previously abemaciclib-exposed patients

                                 ⑥ Subjects with symptomatic central nervous system (CNS)
                                 metastases who are neurologically unstable or have required
                                 increasing doses of steroids within the 2 weeks prior to study
                                 entry to manage CNS symptoms

                                 ⑦ Other co-existing malignancies or malignancies diagnosed within
                                 the last 3 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma,
                                 thyroid cancer or cervical cancer in situ.

                                 ⑧ Subjects with an uncontrolled major cardiovascular disease
                                 (including AMI within 12 months, unstable angina within 6 months,
                                 over NYHA class III congestive heart failure, congenital long QT
                                 syndrome, 2° or more AV Block and uncontrolled hypertension)

                                 ⑨ Active infection including hepatitis B, hepatitis C

                                 ⑩ Pregnant or lactating female
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:19 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:overall response rate
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:to find the recommend phase 2 dose

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:adverse event
Time Frame:1 week
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:disease control rate
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:progression free survival
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Yonsei University

Last Updated

October 19, 2020