This is a single-arm, open-label Phase II multi-institutional trial in 30 patients that have
been molecularly selected based on that their tumors possess alterations in molecular targets
of cabozantinib. Patients will be treated be continuously until they develop radiographic
progression or discontinue cabozantinib for toxicity. If 6 or more out of 12 subjects with
particular mutation or gene amplification show progression prior to 6 months, accrual for the
particular genomic alteration may close. In addition, a series of correlative studies will be
performed including tissue biopsies in order to further define the mechanisms of cabozantinib
anti-tumor action in prostate cancer and identify surrogate markers of response.
This research study is being done because additional effective treatments are needed for
prostate cancer that has spread and is growing despite hormone suppression. Prior studies
indicate that Cabozantinib may be effective in a subset of these participants, but that has
not yet been determined.
About 30 subjects will take part in this study at 4 participating sites. We expect to enroll
approximately 20 participants at Weill Cornell Medicine and approximately 3-5 subjects per
participating site. All subjects participating in this study will be treated with
Cabozantinib. All subjects will continue to take LHRH analogue therapy.
Once eligible participants will be enrolled on the trial for approximately approximately 12
months. At that point, subjects will switch to long-term follow up for two years after
removal from the study or until death, whichever occurs first.
Study related procedures can be combined with routine Standard of Care (SOC) visits. These
will include obtaining medical history, vitals, routine blood collection, radiographic
imaging (CT, MRI and Bone scan), EKG and between 2 and 4 weeks after starting therapy, a
tumor biopsy is required. This will be done with a needle by local sedation by an
1. Age >18 years.
2. Documented histological or cytological diagnosis of prostate carcinoma.
3. Evidence of metastatic PC on imaging (bone scan and/or CT/MRI scan)
4. Agree to undergo a biopsy of at least one metastatic site or primary prostate prior to
beginning therapy. Adequate archival metastatic tissue can be used if available in
lieu of a biopsy if done when patient had CRPC and within 3 months the start of
5. Agree to undergo a biopsy of at least one metastatic site or primary prostate after 3
weeks weeks of therapy (biopsy must be between day 21 and day 24 of treatment). Re-
biopsy of same pre-treatment biopsy soft tissue site is preferred.
6. Serum testosterone level less than 50 ng/dl. Subjects without prior orchiectomy must
be currently taking and willing to continue luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
(LHRH) analogue (agonist or antagonist) therapy until permanent discontinuation of
7. Previously received either abiraterone acetate and/or enzalutamide or similar AR
8. Previous docetaxel chemotherapy is allowed in hormone-sensitive setting and in
castration-resistant disease if not within 12 months of enrolling
9. Documented progressive metastatic CRPC based on at least one of the following
- PSA progression according to Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria
- Objective radiographic progression, according to PCWG3 criteria
10. ECOG performance status of 0-1
11. Recovery to baseline or ≤ Grade 1 CTCAE v4 from toxicities related to any prior
treatments, unless specified below or AE(s) are clinically nonsignificant and/or
stable on supportive therapy.
12. Adequate organ and marrow function, based upon meeting all of the following laboratory
criteria within 14 days before first dose of study treatment:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm3 (≥ 1.5 GI/L) without granulocyte
colony-stimulating factor support
- White blood cell count ≥ 2500/mm3 (≥ 2.5 GI/L)
- Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3 (≥ 100 GI/L) without transfusion
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (≥ 90 g/L)
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (for subjects with Gilbert's disease ≤ 3 x ULN)
- Serum albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dl
- Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (≥
0.5 mL/sec) using the Cockcroft-Gault equation:
- If urine dipstick is positive, then: Urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) ≤ 1
mg/mg (≤ 113.2 mg/mmol)
13. Evidence of amplification or activating mutation of selected targets of cabozantinib
(including MET, KIT, RET, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, FLT3, AXL, TRKB, or TIE2) by at
least one of the following:
- DNA sequencing of metastatic tumor biopsy specimen or cfDNA test
- RNA sequencing of metastatic tumor biopsy specimen
- Commercial cell-free DNA assay
- Overexpression by IHC on metastatic tumor biopsy specimen
14. Sexually active fertile subjects and their partners must agree to use medically
accepted methods of contraception (e.g., barrier methods, including male condom,
female condom, or diaphragm with spermicidal gel) during the course of the study and
for 4 months after the last dose of study treatment
15. Capable of understanding and complying with the protocol requirements and must have
signed the informed consent document
1. Prior treatment with cabozantinib
2. Receipt of any type of small molecule kinase inhibitor (including investigational
kinase inhibitor) within 2 weeks before first dose of study treatment.
3. Receipt of any type of cytotoxic, biologic or other systemic anticancer therapy
(including investigational) except agents to maintain castrate status within 4 weeks
before first dose of study treatment. Antiresportive bone agents are also allowed.
4. Subject has received abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide within 2 weeks before
5. Radiation therapy for bone metastasis within 2 weeks, any other radiation therapy
within 4 weeks before first dose of study treatment. Systemic treatment with
radionuclides within 6 weeks before the first dose of study treatment. Subjects with
clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior radiation therapy are not
6. Known brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated with
radiotherapy and/or surgery (including radiosurgery) and stable for at least 4 weeks
prior to first dose of study treatment after radiotherapy or at least 4 weeks prior to
first dose of study treatment after major surgery (e.g., removal or biopsy of brain
metastasis). Subjects must have complete wound healing from major surgery or minor
surgery before first dose of study treatment. Eligible subjects must be neurologically
asymptomatic and without corticosteroid treatment for neurological indications at the
time of first dose of study treatment.
7. Concomitant anticoagulation with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin
inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban, or platelet
inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel). Allowed anticoagulants are the following:
- Prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable
guidelines) and low-dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).
- Therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors
rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban in subjects without known brain metastases who
are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week before first dose
of study treatment without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from
the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.
8. The subject has prothrombin time (PT)/INR or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test ≥
1.3 x the laboratory ULN within 7 days before the first dose of study treatment.
9. The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including,
but not limited to, the following conditions:
- Cardiovascular disorders:
- Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4, unstable
angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmias.
- Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) >140 mm
Hg systolic or >90 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive
- Stroke (including transient ischemic attack [TIA]), myocardial infarction
(MI), or other ischemic event, or thromboembolic event (e.g. deep venous
thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) within 6 months before first dose.
- Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of
perforation or fistula formation:
- The subject has evidence of tumor invading the GI tract, active peptic ulcer
disease, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease), diverticulitis,
cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, acute pancreatitis,
acute obstruction of the pancreatic duct or common bile duct, or gastric
- Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal
abscess within 6 months before first dose.
Note: Complete healing of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before first
- Clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, or hemoptysis of > 0.5 teaspoon
(2.5 mL) of red blood, or other history of significant bleeding (e.g., pulmonary
hemorrhage) within 12 weeks before first dose.
- Cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or known endotracheal or endobronchial disease
- Lesions invading or encasing any major blood vessels. Subjects with lesions
invading the intrahepatic vasculature, including portal vein, hepatic vein, and
hepatic artery, are eligible.
- Other clinically significant disorders that would preclude safe study
- Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture.
- Uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism.
- Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C).
10. Major surgery (e.g., GI surgery, removal or biopsy of brain metastasis) within 8 weeks
before first dose of study treatment. Complete wound healing from major surgery must
have occurred 1 month before first dose and from minor surgery (e.g. simple excision,
tooth extraction) at least 10 days before first dose. Subjects with clinically
relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible.
11. Corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms per
electrocardiogram (ECG) within 28 days before first dose of study treatment [add
reference for Fridericia formula].
Note: If a single ECG shows a QTcF with an absolute value > 500 ms, two additional
ECGs at intervals of approximately 3 min must be performed within 30 min after the
initial ECG, and the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF will be used
to determine eligibility.
12. Inability to swallow tablets.
13. Previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment
14. Diagnosis of another malignancy within 2 years before first dose of study treatment,
except for superficial skin cancers, or localized, low-grade tumors deemed cured and
not treated with systemic therapy.
To be eligible, a patient's tumor must have evidence of gene amplification, an activating
mutation, or overexpression of one of the following genes: MET, KIT, RET, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2,
VEGFR-3, FLT3, AXL, TRKB, or TIE2. Eligibility can be met via the following diagnostic
1. DNA sequencing of a metastatic tumor biopsy specimen showing gene amplification or
activating mutation using a CLIA-certified assay. Tumor tissue samples must have been
collected within 6 months of enrollment.
2. Protein overexpression in a metastatic tumor biopsy specimen determined by
immunohistochemistry (IHC) showing 2+ or 3+ protein expression using a CLIA-certified
assay.These include common in-house KIT and commercial reference labs for panTRK (e.g.
NeoGenomics) and cMET (e.g. NeoGenomics, Caris, Mayo Clinic).
3. CLIA-certified commercial cell free DNA assay reporting gene amplification or
activating mutation within 3 months of enrollment.
- For the Guardant360 Liquid Biopsy amplification must be at least (++) or (+++)
for to meet eligibility.
- For the FoundationOneLiquid assay, amplification will be eligible. Reports that
have an "equivocal" or "subclonal" designation will not be eligible.
4. Any non-CLIA certified assay such as RNA expression profiling of a metastatic tumor
biopsy specimen showing overexpression must be confirmed by a CLIA-certified assay
(i.e., immunohistochemistry showing 2+ or 3+ protein expression)