Clinical Trials /

Polatuzumab Vedotin, Rituximab, Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide (PolaR-ICE) as Initial Salvage Therapy for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

NCT04665765

Description:

This phase II trial studies the effect of polatuzumab vedotin, rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide as initial salvage therapy in treating patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Polatuzumab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, polatuzumab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Polatuzumab attaches to CD79b positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with immunotherapy may kill more cancer cells in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Related Conditions:
  • Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Polatuzumab Vedotin, Rituximab, Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide (PolaR-ICE) as Initial Salvage Therapy for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Polatuzumab Vedotin With Rituximab, Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide (PolaR-ICE) as Initial Salvage Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 20148
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2020-08524
  • SECONDARY ID: 20148
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA033572
  • NCT ID: NCT04665765

Conditions

  • Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Unclassifiable
  • Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Transformed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Refractory Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma
  • Refractory Transformed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CarboplatinBlastocarb, Carboplat, Carboplatin Hexal, Carboplatino, Carboplatinum, Carbosin, Carbosol, Carbotec, CBDCA, Displata, Ercar, JM-8, Nealorin, Novoplatinum, Paraplatin, Paraplatin AQ, Paraplatine, Platinwas, RibocarboTreatment (PolaR-ICE)
EtoposideDemethyl Epipodophyllotoxin Ethylidine Glucoside, EPEG, Lastet, Toposar, Vepesid, VP 16, VP 16-213, VP-16, VP-16-213, VP16Treatment (PolaR-ICE)
IfosfamideAsta Z 4942, Asta Z-4942, Cyfos, Holoxan, Holoxane, Ifex, IFO, IFO-Cell, Ifolem, Ifomida, Ifomide, Ifosfamidum, Ifoxan, IFX, Iphosphamid, Iphosphamide, Iso-Endoxan, Isoendoxan, Isophosphamide, Mitoxana, MJF 9325, MJF-9325, Naxamide, Seromida, Tronoxal, Z 4942, Z-4942Treatment (PolaR-ICE)
Polatuzumab VedotinADC DCDS4501A, Antibody-Drug Conjugate DCDS4501A, DCDS4501A, FCU 2711, polatuzumab vedotin-piiq, Polivy, RG7596, Ro 5541077-000Treatment (PolaR-ICE)
RituximabABP 798, BI 695500, C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody, Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody, CT-P10, IDEC-102, IDEC-C2B8, IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody, MabThera, Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8, PF-05280586, Rituxan, Rituximab ABBS, Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798, Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500, Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10, Rituximab Biosimilar GB241, Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301, Rituximab Biosimilar JHL1101, Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586, Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83, Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101, rituximab biosimilar TQB2303, rituximab-abbs, RTXM83, TruximaTreatment (PolaR-ICE)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies the effect of polatuzumab vedotin, rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide as initial salvage therapy in treating patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Polatuzumab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, polatuzumab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Polatuzumab attaches to CD79b positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with immunotherapy may kill more cancer cells in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Evaluate the safety and tolerability of polatuzumab vedotin (Pola) added to rituximab,
      ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (PolaR-ICE) as first salvage therapy for relapsed or
      refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). (Safety Lead-in) II. Evaluate the
      anti-tumor activity of PolaR-ICE as first salvage therapy for R/R DLBCL as assessed by the
      complete response rate after 2 cycles. (Phase 2)

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Evaluate the overall response rate to PolaR-ICE as first salvage therapy for R/R DLBCL.

      II. Evaluate the progression-free and overall survival of patients who received PolaR-ICE as
      first salvage therapy for R/R DLBCL followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT)
      and single-agent Pola consolidation after ASCT.

      III. Evaluate the CR rate after Pola consolidation among those who were partial response (PR)
      at ASCT.

      IV. Evaluate the toxicity of PolaR-ICE salvage therapy and that of Pola consolidation after
      ASCT.

      V. Assess the rate of stem cell mobilization and collection failure in patients with R/R
      DLBCL who receive PolaR-ICE as first salvage therapy.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Assess the kinetics of circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) after PolaR-ICE as
      first salvage therapy for R/R DLBCL followed by ASCT and single-agent Pola consolidation
      after ASCT.

      II. Assess possible biomarkers of response to PolaR-ICE in patients with R/R DLBCL.

      III. Examine the association between clinical outcomes (response, progression-free survival
      [PFS]) and pathological tumor characteristics.

      IV. Examine the association between clinical outcomes (response, PFS) and circulating tumor
      (ct)DNA characteristics (mutation profile, kinetics of clearance).

      OUTLINE:

      SALVAGE THERAPY: Patients receive polatuzumab vedotin intravenously (IV) on day 1, rituximab
      IV on day 1, etoposide IV on days 1-3, carboplatin IV on day 2, and ifosfamide IV on day 2 or
      days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 2-3 cycles in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who achieve complete response, partial
      response or stable disease by cycle 2 day 15 (C2D15) may receive 1 additional cycle of
      PolaR-ICE IV.

      CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Within 30-60 days after ASCT, patients receive polatuzumab vedotin IV
      on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3-4 cycles in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then
      periodically for up to 2 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (PolaR-ICE)ExperimentalSALVAGE THERAPY: Patients receive polatuzumab vedotin IV on day 1, rituximab IV on day 1, etoposide IV on days 1-3, carboplatin IV on day 2, and ifosfamide IV on day 2 or days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 2-3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who achieve complete response, partial response or stable disease by C2D15 may receive 1 additional cycle of PolaR-ICE IV. CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Within 30-60 days after ASCT, patients receive polatuzumab vedotin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3-4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Carboplatin
  • Etoposide
  • Ifosfamide
  • Polatuzumab Vedotin
  • Rituximab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized
             representative

               -  Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained per institutional guidelines

          -  Be willing to provide archival tissue of a biopsy that was performed after the
             frontline systemic therapy

               -  If unavailable, exceptions may be granted with study principal investigator (PI)
                  approval

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2

          -  Histologically confirmed diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the
             World Health Organization (WHO) classification, with hematopathology review at the
             participating institution. Subtypes of DLBCL including transformed indolent lymphomas
             (TIL), primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), and aggressive B-cell
             lymphoma unclassified (BCL-U) are eligible

          -  Biopsy-proven relapsed or refractory disease after 1 line of frontline CD20-directed
             immunotherapy with anthracycline- or anthracenedione-based multi-agent chemotherapy.
             Monotherapy with rituximab or other CD20-directed immunotherapy prior to frontline
             chemotherapy or as maintenance therapy, and radiation therapy in a limited field or as
             a part of the frontline treatment plan are permitted

          -  Prior lymphoma therapy should be completed at least 2 weeks before start of protocol
             therapy

          -  Measurable disease by computed tomography (CT) or positron emission tomography
             (PET)/CT scan with one or more sites of disease >= 1.5 cm in longest dimension

          -  Considered eligible for high-dose chemotherapy followed by ASCT

          -  Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects (except alopecia) to =< grade 1 to prior
             anti-cancer therapy

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3 (without bone marrow involvement)

               -  NOTE: Growth factor is not permitted within 7 days of ANC assessment unless
                  cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement

          -  ANC >= 750/mm^3 (with bone marrow involvement)

               -  NOTE: Growth factor is not permitted within 7 days of ANC assessment unless
                  cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement

          -  Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3 (without bone marrow involvement)

               -  NOTE: Platelet transfusions are not permitted within 7 days of platelet
                  assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement

          -  Platelets >= 75,000/mm^3 (with bone marrow involvement)

               -  NOTE: Platelet transfusions are not permitted within 7 days of platelet
                  assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement

          -  Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (no erythropoietin and/or packed red blood cells (pRBC)
             transfusion allowed within 7 days prior to screening)

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN). If hepatic involvement by
             lymphoma, or Gilbert's disease: =< 3 X ULN

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN. If hepatic involvement by lymphoma: AST
             =< 5 x ULN

          -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN. If hepatic involvement by lymphoma: ALT
             =< 5 x ULN

          -  Creatinine clearance of >= 50 mL/min per 24 hour urine test or the Cockcroft-Gault
             formula

          -  If not receiving anticoagulants: international normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin
             (prothrombin time [PT]) =< 1.5 x ULN. If on anticoagulant therapy: PT must be within
             therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

          -  If not receiving anticoagulants: activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x
             ULN. If on anticoagulant therapy: aPTT must be within therapeutic range of intended
             use of anticoagulants

          -  Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative urine or serum pregnancy test. If
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required

          -  Agreement by females and males of childbearing potential* to use an effective method
             of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study
             through at least 12 months after the last dose of polatuzumab vedotin or rituximab for
             women, at least 5 months following the last dose of polatuzumab vedotin or 3 months
             following the last dose of rituximab for men, and at least 6 months following the last
             dose of ifosfamide, carboplatin, or etoposide for both women and men

               -  Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (men and women)
                  or have not been free from menses for > 1 year (women only)

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients who are not hematopoietic stem cell transplant candidates are excluded

          -  Prior solid organ transplantation

          -  Systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy for lymphoma
             symptom control must be tapered down to =< 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent.
             Exceptions are:

               -  Inhaled or topical steroids

               -  Adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents in the absence of
                  active autoimmune disease

          -  Peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2 or demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

          -  Known active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma, including
             leptomeningeal involvement

          -  Active infection requiring systemic therapy

          -  Other active malignancy requiring therapy. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of
             the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially
             curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer

          -  History of severe allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or
             biologic composition to study agents

          -  Recent major surgery (within 4 weeks) prior to start of protocol therapy, other than
             for diagnosis

          -  Symptomatic cardiac disease (including symptomatic ventricular dysfunction,
             symptomatic coronary artery disease, and symptomatic arrhythmias), cerebrovascular
             event/stroke or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

          -  Known active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Patients
             with past HBV infection (defined as negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] and
             positive hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb]) are eligible if HBV DNA is undetectable.
             Patients who are positive for HCV antibody are eligible if polymerase chain reaction
             (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA). Testing to be done only in patients
             suspected of having infections or exposures

          -  Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Subjects who have an
             undetectable or unquantifiable HIV viral load with CD4 >= 200 and are on highly active
             antiretroviral therapy (HAART) medication are allowed. Testing to be done only in
             patients suspected of having infections or exposures

          -  History of or current progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

          -  Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding

          -  Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the
             patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical
             study procedures

          -  Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to
             comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to
             feasibility/logistics)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Complete response (CR) rate of polatuzumab vedotin (Pola) added to rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (PolaR-ICE) salvage therapy
Time Frame:After 2 cycles of salvage therapy (each cycle is 21 days)
Safety Issue:
Description:Estimated by the proportion of response-evaluable patients achieving CR after 2 cycles of salvage therapy, along with the 95% exact binomial confidence interval.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of toxicity of single-agent polatuzumab vedotin (Pola) consolidation therapy
Time Frame:Up to 30 days post-last dose
Safety Issue:
Description:Observed toxicities of PolaR-ICE Pola single-agent consolidation therapy will be summarized by type (organ affected or laboratory determination such as absolute neutrophil count), severity, and attribution.
Measure:Overall response rate (ORR) to PolaR-ICE
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Estimated by the proportion of response-evaluable participants that achieve a best response of either CR or partial response (PR) at the end of PolaR-ICE therapy, along with the 95% exact binomial confidence interval.
Measure:Progression-free survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Time from start of protocol treatment to time of disease relapse/progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs earlier, assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Estimated using the product limit method of Kaplan and Meier along with the Greenwood estimator of standard error; 95% confidence interval will be constructed based on log-log transformation. Median PFS will be estimated when available.
Measure:Overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:Time from start of protocol treatment to time of death due to any cause, assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Estimated using the product limit method of Kaplan and Meier along with the Greenwood estimator of standard error; 95% confidence interval will be constructed based on log-log transformation. Median OS will be estimated when available.
Measure:CR rate among patients who were PR at autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as the proportion of patients that achieve CR after Pola consolidation among those who were PR at ASCT.
Measure:Stem cell mobilization failure rate
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as the portion of patients who failed to collect adequate CD34 stem cells (within 2 attempts) among those who attempt stem cell collection.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:City of Hope Medical Center

Last Updated

December 14, 2020