The purpose of this study is to test the effects, of the research study drug Telomelysin
(OBP-301) in combination with pembrolizumab in subjects with inoperable, recurrent, or
progressive squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Telomelysin is an investigational
treatment, while pembrolizumab and SBRT are approved standard treatments. The combination of
these three treatments is also considered investigational.
This is a phase II open label single arm study of OBP-301 in combination with pembrolizumab
and SBRT in advanced HNSCC which is either recurrent and inoperable, or progressing after
prior radiation with curative-intent for advanced disease (adjuvant or definitive with or
without chemotherapy or cetuximab).
The efficacy of pembrolizumab monotherapy is modest in second or third line of treatment of
advanced head and neck cancer (~response rate 16-22%). SBRT reirradiation in patients that
received prior surgery and chemoradiation for advanced disease is associated with a response
rate (RR) of approximately 60% and approximately 50% 1-year survival. Recently, the results
of the Keynote-048 study were published. The projected 1-year survival in the immunotherapy
arms with pembrolizumab alone or pembrolizumab and chemotherapy was approximately 57%. So, at
present, the benchmark RR for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with
inoperable, recurrent or progressive disease treated with SBRT is approximately 60% and the 1
year survival for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with
inoperable, recurrent or progressive disease using the most effective contemporary treatments
including immunotherapy is approximately 50-57%. Trying to improve the results of the current
standard of care, this study will examine the effects of oncolytic virus, OBP-301,
administered in addition to pembrolizumab and SBRT in this patient population. The goal of
using this triple therapeutic combination is to enhance the chances of cure of the patients.
A total of 36 patients will be enrolled into a two-stage parallel cohort design: In the first
stage, 12 patients will be enrolled.
All patients will receive intratumoral injection(s) with OBP-301. If tolerated and no
progression is observed, up to twelve injections may be given in each patient.
If the targeted injected lesion(s) disappear, another lesion can be injected at the
A minimum additional 3 doses of concurrent OBP-301 and pembrolizumab will be given if no
toxicity, technical impediment to injection or progression is seen.
A maximum total of up to 9 doses of concurrent OBP-301 and pembrolizumab will be given.
Pembrolizumab alone will be continued after day 183 for a total treatment time up to 1 year.
- Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial.
- Be >18 years of age on the day of signing the informed consent.
- Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
- Have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced head and neck squamous cell
cancer with cutaneous, subcutaneous or nodal tumors deemed as injectable lesions [see
definition below] and have measurable disease for the primary study endpoint of
overall response rate by RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST.In addition they must have (A) A
single measurable tumor at least 1 cm in size and amenable to intratumoral injection
or (B) Multiple measurable tumors that in aggregate have a longest diameter of ≥ 10 mm
Note: Injectable lesion definitions: lesions amenable to percutaneous approach, if
- Recurrent and inoperable tumor, progressing after prior radiation with curative-intent
for advanced disease (adjuvant or definitive with or without chemotherapy or
cetuximab). No prior treatment for local regional recurrence (LRR).
- Tumors may be either HPV+ or HPV-.
- Tumor must be PD-L1 positive, defined as CPS ≥ 1.
- Be willing to provide tissue; newly obtained biopsy specimens or formalin-fixed,
paraffin-embedded (FFPE) block specimens.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential have a negative urine or serum pregnancy
test within 7 days prior to enrollment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be
confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. It is allowed that the
test at the same day at 7 days prior to enrollment. And male / female subjects of
childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting
with signing the informed consent through 120 days after the last dose of study
- Demonstrated adequate organ function as defined in following criteria. All screening
labs should be performed within 14 days of enrollment. Note: Subject must not have
taken transfusion, hematopoietic agent; granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
etc., and/or oxygen supplementation within 7 days before the screening labs.
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>=1,000 /mm3
- Platelets>=100,000 /mm3
- Hemoglobin>=9.0 g/dL
- Serum total bilirubin<=2.0 mg/dL
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT)
<= 2.5x Upper limit of normal (ULN). For subjects with liver metastases<= 5x ULN.
- Serum creatinine<= 1.5 mg/dL; or if serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL, measured or
calculated creatinine/clearance>=60 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula).
- Life expectancy of ≥ 6 months from the first OBP-301 treatment.
- Understand the study requirements and the treatment procedures, and is willing to
comply with all specified follow- up evaluations, and provides written informed
consent before any study-specific tests or procedures are performed.
- Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study
of an investigational agent and received study therapy within 2 weeks (chemotherapy,
small molecule), or 3 weeks (antibody) of study Day 1.
- Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy (greater
than the equivalent of prednisone 20 mg/day) or any other form of immunosuppressive
therapy within 7 days prior to study Day 1. Daily dose of maintenance prednisone 10mg
or equivalent is allowable.
- Has known active central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
- Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment,
with the exception of stable/low grade tumors that are not expected to influence
life-expectancy (e.g. skin SCC, basal cell, differentiated thyroid cancer, prostate
cancer on hormonal therapy).
- Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.
- Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
- Has known active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.
- Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
- Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
projected duration of the trial, starting with the screening visit through 120 days
after the last dose of trial treatment.
- Previous severe hypersensitivity to another monoclonal antibody.
- Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
- Prior intolerance related to severe (>=grade 3) irAE to a prior anti-immune checkpoint
inhibitor agent leading to discontinuation of anti-immune checkpoint inhibitor
- Any disorder or condition, or any medication that would put the patient at risk from
bleeding after direct tumor injection.
- Not a candidate for SBRT given for potentially curative intent. All tumors must
receive SBRT. For example, patients with locoregional neck recurrence without
significant overlap with the previous radiation field, and who do not warrant SBRT for
re-irradiation as per the treating radiation oncologist (e.g. out-of-field
recurrence), will not be included in the study.
- Received prior immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors or other immunotherapy agents.