Clinical Trials /

Oral SM-88 in Patients With Metastatic HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer



This is a phase II single arm, open-label study of SM-88 used with methoxsalen, phenytoin, and sirolimus (MPS) in metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer. It is designed to determine efficacy, defined as the objective response rate (ORR) of this investigational treatment. It is hypothesized that SM-88 used with MPS will lead to significant anti-tumor responses with acceptable toxicities in patients with metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting


Phase 2

Trial Eligibility



  • Brief Title: Oral SM-88 in Patients With Metastatic HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: OASIS: Phase II Trial of OrAl SM-88 in Patients With Metastatic Hormone Receptor-posItive HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-) breaSt Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: STUDY00003282
  • NCT ID: NCT04720664


  • Breast Cancer
  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Carcinoma


SM-88oral SM-88


This is a phase II single arm, open-label study of SM-88 used with methoxsalen, phenytoin, and sirolimus (MPS) in metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer. It is designed to determine efficacy, defined as the objective response rate (ORR) of this investigational treatment. It is hypothesized that SM-88 used with MPS will lead to significant anti-tumor responses with acceptable toxicities in patients with metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer.

Detailed Description

      This is a multicenter phase II single arm trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of SM-88
      plus three subtherapeutic conditioning agents (methoxsalen, phenytoin, and sirolimus [MPS])
      in patients with metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer. .

      Thirty patients will be enrolled in first stage of the study, and if 3 or more patients have
      an objective response (complete or partial response) then an additional 20 patients will be
      enrolled in the second stage of the study. Patients will receive the recommended phase 2 dose
      (RP2D) of SM-88 (460 mg by mouth [PO] twice a day [BID] D1 - 28) as well as three
      conditioning agents (MPS): methoxsalen (10 mg PO daily [Qd] D1 - 28), phenytoin (50 mg PO Qd
      D1 - 28), and sirolimus (0.5 mg PO Qd D1 - 28).

      Assessment of efficacy will be conducted every 3 cycles (approximately every 12 weeks) with
      CT chest/abdomen/pelvis using RECIST v1.1 criteria. Safety including clinic visits, and exams
      will occur every 4 weeks on Day 1 of each cycle. Laboratory testing will be performed every 2
      weeks for the first 2 cycles and then on Day 1 of each subsequent cycle.

Trial Arms

oral SM-88ExperimentalSM-88 taken with three conditioning agents: methoxsalen, phenytoin, and sirolimus
  • SM-88

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically proven diagnosis of breast cancer with evidence of
             metastatic or locally advanced disease, not amenable to resection or radiation therapy
             with curative intent.

          -  Documentation of ER-positive and/or PR-positive tumor (≥1% positive stained cells)
             based on most recent tumor biopsy (discuss with the Principle Investigator if results
             in different biopsies are discordant in terms of hormone receptor positivity)
             utilizing an assay consistent with local standards.

          -  Documented HER2-negative tumor based on local testing on most recent tumor biopsy:
             HER2-negative tumor is determined as immunohistochemistry score 0/1+ or negative by in
             situ hybridization (FISH/CISH/SISH) defined by current ASCO/CAP (American Society of
             Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists) guidelines. Patients with
             equivocal HER2 in situ hybridization results according to current ASCO/CAP guidelines
             are eligible, as long as they have not received and are not scheduled to receive
             anti-HER2 treatment.

          -  Must have progressed on at least 2 lines of endocrine therapy in either the adjuvant
             or metastatic setting and progressed on a CDK4/6 inhibitor.

          -  Must have received no more than 4 lines of systemic therapy (for example, including
             but not limited to endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy,
             chemotherapy, or experimental therapy) for the treatment of breast cancer in the
             metastatic setting.

          -  Premenopausal or postmenopausal female or male patients 18 years of age or older.

          -  Measurable disease as defined by RECIST v1.1 criteria (tumor ≥ 1 cm in longest
             diameter on axial image on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging
             (MRI) and/or lymph node(s) ≥ 1.5 cm in short axis on CT or MRI) on baseline imaging.
             Bone only metastases must have associated > 10 mm soft tissue mass.

          -  Asymptomatic brain metastases are allowed if the lesions are not considered to need
             local therapy. Previously treated brain metastases are allowed as long as they are > 4
             weeks from local therapy, clinically asymptomatic, and not requiring high-dose
             corticosteroids. Patients may remain on steroids for CNS disease if they are taking a
             stable dose that is less than 10mg of prednisone per day, or the equivalent.

          -  Must be capable of understanding and complying with parameters as outlined in the
             protocol and able to sign and date the informed consent, approved by the IRB, prior to
             the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures.

          -  Life expectancy of more than 3 months.

          -  ECOG performance status 0-1

          -  Pregnancy must be ruled out in women of childbearing potential. Serum or urine
             pregnancy test must be negative within 14 days of treatment start in women of
             childbearing potential and must be willing to have pregnancy test approximately every
             4 weeks. Pregnancy testing does not need to be pursued in patients who are judged to
             be postmenopausal before enrollment, or who have undergone bilateral oophorectomy,
             total hysterectomy, or bilateral tubal ligation. Patients may be considered
             postmenopausal in the case that one of the following criteria applies,

               -  Prior bilateral oophorectomy, OR

               -  Age ≥ 60 years, OR

               -  Age < 60 years with intact uterus and amenorrhoeic for ≥ 12 consecutive months
                  prior to chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy exposure

          -  Willingness to utilize adequate contraception if of childbearing potential. Women of
             childbearing potential must use adequate contraception for the duration of protocol
             treatment and for at least 6 months after the last treatment with SM-88 used with MPS.
             Adequate contraception is defined as one highly effective form (i.e., abstinence,
             (fe)male sterilization) OR two effective forms (IUD [non-hormonal preferred], condom
             with spermicidal foam / gel / film / cream / suppository, occlusive cap with
             spermicidal foam / gel / film / cream / suppository).

          -  Must be able and willing to swallow pills whole and retain oral medication.

          -  Adequate hematologic parameters (Patients must be able to meet the following criteria
             without transfusion or receipt of colony stimulating factors within 2 weeks before
             obtaining sample):

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm3; Patients must be able to meet the
                  criteria without receipt of colony stimulating factors within 2 weeks before
                  obtaining sample

               -  Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3; Patients must be able to meet the criteria without
                  receipt of transfusion within 2 weeks before obtaining sample

               -  Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL; Patients must be able to meet the criteria without receipt
                  of transfusion within 2 weeks before obtaining sample

          -  Serum creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min based on Cockcroft-Gault equation

          -  Adequate hepatic parameters:

               -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN
                  (upper limit of normal)

               -  Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN, except for patients with a documented history
                  of Gilbert's Syndrome who can be enrolled at PI discretion

               -  For patients with liver metastases, AST and ALT < 5x the institution's ULN and/or
                  total bilirubin ≤ 3.0x the institution's ULN are acceptable as long as there is
                  no persistent nausea, vomiting, right upper quadrant pain or tenderness, fever,
                  or rash.

          -  Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN (≤5.0 x ULN if bone metastases present)

          -  Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior therapy, including radiotherapy to
             grade ≤1 (except toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patient) and recovery
             from surgical procedures.

          -  Must have discontinued all previous therapies for cancer (including endocrine therapy,
             CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy, cytotoxic chemotherapy, targeted therapy [including, but not
             limited to, everolimus], radiotherapy, immunotherapy, and investigational therapy) for
             at least 14 days prior to receiving study drugs and recovered from the acute effects
             of therapy (treatment-related toxicity resolved to baseline) except for residual
             alopecia or peripheral neuropathy.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Concurrent therapy with other approved or investigational cancer treatment agents,
             except bisphosphonates and RANKL inhibitors.

          -  Bone-only metastases without soft tissue masses measuring > 10 mm.

          -  Inability to comply with study requirements.

          -  Diagnosis of other invasive cancer except for adequately treated cervix cancer, or
             more than 5 years since other diagnosis of invasive cancer (including invasive
             squamous cell cancers due to contraindication for methoxsalen use) without current
             evidence of disease.

          -  Pregnant women or women of childbearing potential without a negative pregnancy test
             (serum or urine) within 14 days prior to starting study treatment.

          -  Breastfeeding must be discontinued prior to study entry.

          -  Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly
             alter the absorption of the study drugs (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled
             nausea/vomiting, chronic diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, intestinal obstruction, or
             small bowel resection)

          -  Patients with clinically significant liver disease, including active viral or other
             known active hepatitis, current alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis.

          -  Active hepatitis B (defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg])
             or active hepatitis C (defined as positive test for hepatitis C viral load by
             polymerase chain reaction [PCR]).

               -  Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection
                  (defined as having a negative HBsAg test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B
                  core antigen [anti-HBc] antibody test) are eligible.

               -  Patients with positive hepatitis C antibody AND negative quantitative hepatitis C
                  by PCR AND no clinical/laboratory evidence of cirrhosis are eligible. Patients
                  who have completed curative therapy for HCV are eligible if they meet all other
                  parameters for enrollment.

          -  Uncontrolled HIV infection defined as any of the following 3 criteria: CD4 counts ≤
             350 cells/μL; serum HIV viral load ≥ 400 copies/mL; on a antiretroviral regimen for <
             4 weeks prior to treatment with study drugs if anti-retroviral therapy is deemed
             necessary or appropriate by the investigator.

          -  Previous enrollment in this study or any other study investigating SM-88.

          -  History of any known drug allergies to any study medication.

          -  Clinically significant and uncontrolled major medical condition(s) including, but not
             limited to uncontrolled nausea/vomiting/diarrhea; active, uncontrolled infection;
             symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class ≥ II);
             unstable angina pectoris; cardiac arrhythmia requiring hospitalization in the past 3
             months; stroke or MI in the past 6 months.

          -  Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study

          -  Active uncontrolled or symptomatic brain metastases. Previously treated and clinically
             stable brain metastases, as per Investigator's judgement, are permitted.

          -  Patients with a seizure disorder that is not well controlled or who have required a
             change in seizure medications within 60 days of enrollment to the trial.

          -  Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to phenytoin, its inactive ingredients, or
             other hydantoins; or a history of prior acute hepatotoxicity attributable to

          -  Patients treated, or anticipated to be treated, with delavirdine (due to potential for
             loss of virologic response and possible resistance to delavirdine or to the class of
             non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors caused by phenytoin).

          -  Patients exhibiting idiosyncratic reactions to psoralen compounds.

          -  Patients with a history of the light sensitive diseases for which methoxsalen would be
             contraindicated. Diseases associated with photosensitivity include lupus
             erythematosus, porphyria cutanea tarda, erythropoietic protoporphyria, variegate
             porphyria, xeroderma pigmentosum, and albinism.

          -  Patients with cutaneous melanoma or invasive squamous cell carcinomas or a history
             thereof, except for those with stage 1A melanoma or in complete remission for ≥5 years
             (due to contraindication for use of methoxsalen).

          -  Patients with a hypersensitivity to sirolimus. Sirolimus does cause immune suppression
             at the prescribed doses and physicians should note the drugs black box warning to
             exclude any patient they believe the other exclusion criteria does not reflect.

          -  Patients with prior allogenic bone marrow transplant or solid organ transplant organ
             transplant or being treated, or anticipated to be treated, with cyclosporine (because
             long-term administration of the combination of cyclosporine and sirolimus is
             associated with deterioration of renal function).

          -  Patients treated, or anticipated to be treated, with a calcineurin inhibitor (because
             concomitant use of sirolimus and a calcineurin inhibitor increases the risk of
             calcineurin inhibitor-induced hemolytic uremic syndrome/thrombotic thrombocytopenic
             purpura/thrombotic microangiopathy [HUS/TTP/TMA]).

          -  Clinically significant cataracts or aphakia (absence of lens over the eye, typically
             from cataract surgery, trauma, or congenital anomaly).

          -  Current use of known strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 or CYP2C19 within
             14 days of initiation of study drug. When possible these medications and grapefruit
             juice should be avoided for the duration of the study treatment and alternate
             therapies are preferred.
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Anti-tumor efficacy will be defined as partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) based on RECIST v1.1.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Duration of Response (DOR)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Defined as the time in days from study entry to the first documented disease progression per RECIST v1.1 as assessed by local site or death. Patients who are alive and free from progression on the date of closing follow-up will be censored on that date.
Measure:Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) at ≥ 24 weeks
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The percentage of patients who have complete response (CR), partial response (PR), o r stable disease (SD) at ≥ 24 weeks will be reported.
Measure:Incidence of Treatment-Related Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability]
Time Frame:Day 1 of each cycle (28 day cycle); up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v5.0


Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Georgetown University

Trial Keywords

  • metastatic
  • hormone receptor-positive
  • HER2-negative
  • breast cancer
  • oral

Last Updated

May 27, 2021