Clinical Trials /

Onapristone and Fulvestrant for ER+ HER2- Metastatic Breast Cancer After Endocrine Therapy and CDK4/6 Inhibitors (The SMILE Study)

NCT04738292

Description:

A phase II single-arm trial of onapristone in combination with fulvestrant for women and men with ER-positive, PgR-positive or negative and HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after progression on aromatase and CDK4/6 inhibitors. The study will enroll up to 39 participants.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Not yet recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Onapristone and Fulvestrant for ER+ HER2- Metastatic Breast Cancer After Endocrine Therapy and CDK4/6 Inhibitors (The SMILE Study)
  • Official Title: A Phase II Trial of OnapriStone in CoMbInation With FuLvestrant for Patients With ER-positive, and HER2-negative Metastatic Breast Cancer After Progression on Endocrine Therapy and CDK 4/6 Inhibitors

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: UW20037
  • SECONDARY ID: A534260
  • SECONDARY ID: SMPH/MEDICINE/HEM-ONC
  • SECONDARY ID: 2020-0877
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2021-00371
  • NCT ID: NCT04738292

Conditions

  • ER-positive Breast Cancer
  • HER2-negative Breast Cancer
  • Metastatic Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
OnapristoneOnapristone In Combination with Fulvestrant
FulvestrantFulvestrant InjectionOnapristone In Combination with Fulvestrant

Purpose

A phase II single-arm trial of onapristone in combination with fulvestrant for women and men with ER-positive, PgR-positive or negative and HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after progression on aromatase and CDK4/6 inhibitors. The study will enroll up to 39 participants.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Onapristone In Combination with FulvestrantExperimentalAll participants will receive onapristone 50 mg p.o. BID (twice) daily and fulvestrant (500 mg) intramuscular injection on days 1, 15 (cycle 1), then two weeks later (cycle 2, day1), then once every 28 days thereafter. A cycle is defined as 28 days. There will be no breaks between dosing cycles.
  • Onapristone
  • Fulvestrant

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Advanced ER+, (PgR positive or negative), and HER2 negative breast cancer. Advanced is
             defined as locally advanced or locoregionally recurrent or metastatic and not amenable
             to curative therapy.

          -  Below-mentioned prior lines of therapy are allowed in the adjuvant and or metastatic
             ER+/HER2- setting.

               -  Participants must have had prior endocrine therapy either in the adjuvant or
                  metastatic setting (SERM (tamoxifen, raloxifene, toremifene) or any of the
                  aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole, letrozole, exemestane), or oral selective
                  estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) on a clinical trial either in the adjuvant or
                  metastatic setting

               -  Participants must have received prior therapy with oral cyclin-dependent kinase
                  (CDK)4/6 inhibitors in the metastatic setting

          -  Histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of ER+, PgR+/- and HER2-
             breast cancer by local laboratory at diagnosis of metastatic disease. Hormone receptor
             positivity is defined as ER and PgR positivity in at least 1% cells by
             immunohistochemistry (IHC). HER2-negative breast cancer is defined as a negative in
             situ hybridization test or an IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+. If IHC is 2+, a negative in
             situ hybridization test is required.

          -  Measurable disease, i.e., at least one measurable lesion, as per RECIST 1.1 criteria.
             A palpable, and measurable breast mass is acceptable.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status ≤ 2

          -  Adequate organ function as defined by

               -  aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 times
                  institutional upper limit.

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN), except for subjects with
                  Gilbert's syndrome who may be included if their total bilirubin is ≤ 3.0 × ULN
                  and direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN.

               -  Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 times institutional upper limit with exception
                  that ALP of < 5 x ULN is acceptable in patients with elevated with ALP due to
                  bone metastases (in the absence of liver metastases).

               -  Serum creatinine <1.5 × ULN.

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000/µL.

               -  Participants with lymphopenia are eligible at the discretion of the treating
                  provider

               -  Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 8g/dL.

               -  Platelet count ≥ 100,000/µL

          -  Female participants must meet one of the following:

               -  Postmenopausal for at least one year before enrollment, or

               -  Surgically sterile (i.e., undergone bilateral oophorectomy), or

               -  Premenopausal is defined as someone who has had menses at any time in the
                  preceding 12 months. Premenopausal women who are eligible for this trial will
                  require a Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue and treating physician
                  may choose to monitor the ovarian function with laboratory tests to ensure a
                  complete menopausal status with cessation of menses

          -  Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within seven days
             of registration. Participants must have a negative pregnancy test seven to 10 days
             prior to starting study treatment

          -  A formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor biopsy block or up to 20 superplus
             frost slides with unstained histological sections at 4 micrometer thickness are
             required at the time of study entry. Archived tumor tissue acceptable (metastatic
             disease from non-bone and non-brain sites preferred, but primary breast or lymph node
             tissue is permitted) if obtained in the 18 months prior to study registration,
             otherwise a fresh biopsy will be required if deemed safe by the treating physician
             (minimal risk to patient). Confirmation of adequate and available tissue sample is to
             be determined by the site's pathologist. Tumor samples do not need to be shipped for
             eligibility purposes. Tumor samples do not need to be shipped until subject is
             confirmed eligible and is registered for treatment.

          -  Ability to take oral medications (without crushing).

          -  To participate in the optional 18F-FFNP PET/CT imaging, the subject must have ER
             positive, HER2 negative, AND PgR positive disease and at least one extra hepatic
             lesion measuring at least 10 mm in size.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior treatment with an anti-progesterone agent.

          -  Prior treatment with fulvestrant

          -  Prior treatment with CDK4/6 inhibitors in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting

          -  History of malignancy other than breast cancer within three years prior to
             registration except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, cervical
             carcinoma in situ.

          -  History or presence of clinically active, and symptomatic central nervous system (CNS)
             metastasis: If the patient fulfills the following criteria, they will be eligible for
             the trial:

               -  Completed prior therapy (including radiation and/or surgery) for CNS metastases ≥
                  28 days prior to the start of study treatment and CNS tumor is clinically stable
                  at the time of screening and patient is not receiving steroids and/or enzyme
                  inducing anti-epileptic medications for brain metastases.

          -  Participants with any of the following conditions:

               -  Clinically significant illness or systemic disease as determined by the treating
                  physicians.

               -  Active hepatitis or uncontrolled infection or any other clinically significant
                  cirrhosis or other disease that, in the opinion of the investigator would pose a
                  risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or
                  completion. Testing for infectious hepatitis is not required for the study.
                  Treating provider may choose additional testing if indicated clinically.

          -  Patients who have had systemic chemotherapy, or targeted therapy, within two weeks
             prior to starting study treatment or those who have not recovered from acute effects
             of any prior therapy to baseline or Grade ≤1. Grade 2 or higher exceptions include
             alopecia, up to grade 2 neuropathy or other grade 2 adverse events (AEs) or lab values
             not constituting a safety risk in the pinion of the treating physician. NCI CTCAE v5.0
             will be used.

          -  Co-administration with any prescriptions during the four weeks prior to first
             onapristone dosing and concerns for possible drug interactions should be discussed
             with the pharmacist

          -  Patients who are pregnant or breast feeding

          -  History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina,
             coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting) or symptomatic
             pericarditis within 6 months prior to registration..

          -  Symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association III-IV)

          -  Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias (e.g. ventricular tachycardia), complete
             left bundle branch block, high-grade atrioventricular block (AV) block (e.g.
             bifascicular block, Mobitz type II and third-degree AV block).

          -  Any episode of atrial fibrillation in the prior 12 months.

          -  QT interval >480 msec.

          -  Long QT syndrome or family history of idiopathic sudden death or congenital long QT
             syndrome.

          -  Concomitant use of medication(s) with a known risk to prolong the QT interval and/or
             known to cause Torsades de Pointe that cannot be discontinued (within 5 half-lives or
             7 days prior to starting study drug) or replaced by safe alternative medication.

          -  Systolic blood pressure (SBP) >160 mmHg or <90 mmHg at screening.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), as per RECIST 1.1. Point and 95% interval estimate of ORR will be evaluated accounting for possibility of early futility stopping.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS) Rate
Time Frame:up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time from date of enrollment to the date of first documented disease progression or death due to any cause. PFS will be described with Kaplan-Meier (KM) Curve and its pointwise asymptotic 95% confidence bounds. Median PFS if reached will be extracted from this KM estimator.
Measure:Disease Control Rate (DCR)
Time Frame:up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Best overall response of CR, PR or stable disease (SD) lasting for ≥ 24 weeks, as per RECIST 1.1. DCR will be estimated with relative frequency and exact two-sided 95% binomial confidence interval.
Measure:Time to Response
Time Frame:up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time from registration to first documented response (CR or PR) will be evaluated with a cumulative incidence where death will be as a competing risk to response.
Measure:Duration of Response
Time Frame:up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Time between the first date of documented response to progression or death due to breast cancer. Duration of response will be assessed for a subgroup of subjects with observed response. The date of response will be denoted as time zero and time to progression or death will be evaluated with KM curve and 95% confidence interval (CI). Median time to response will be extracted from this KM curve.
Measure:Incidence of Adverse Events
Time Frame:up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Type, frequency and severity of adverse events and laboratory abnormalities (according to CTCAE version 5.0) will be summarized with descriptive frequency tables.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Not yet recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Wisconsin, Madison

Last Updated

May 13, 2021