This research study is a Phase 1/2 clinical trial testing the safety, tolerance and efficacy
of the drug Acalabrutinib for people with recurrent or refractory central nervous system
This is an open-label, dose-escalation phase 1/2 study to determine the safety,
pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of Acalabrutinib in patients with recurrent
or refractory CNS lymphoma (R/R CNSL).
Acalabrutinib has been studied in lab experiments and in other types of cancer, and
information from these studies suggests that acalabrutinib may be beneficial for people with
recurrent or refractory central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL). Acalabrutinib targets a
vulnerable part of cancer cells which leads to an inhibition of the growth of cancer cells.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved acalabrutinib for recurrent or
refractory central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL) but it has been approved for other uses.
The research study procedures include: screening for eligibility and study treatment
including evaluations and follow up visits.
Participants will receive study treatment for up to 2 years as long as they do not have
serious side effects and their disease does not get worse.
Approximately 15 to 21 participants will be enrolled in phase1 and approximately 28 patients
will be enrolled Phase 2.
AstraZeneca, a pharmaceutical company, is supporting this research study by providing funding
for the research study and the study drug, acalabrutinib.
- Participants must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent
- Participant must have signed and dated an IRB/IEC approved written informed consent
form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained
before the performance of any protocol-related procedures that are not part of normal
- Participant must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment
schedule, laboratory tests, and other requirements of the study.
- Participants must be at least 18 years old on day of signing informed consent.
- Participants must have a ECOG Performance Status 0-1 (see Appendix A).
- Life expectancy of > 3 months (in the opinion of the investigator).
- Participants with recurrent or refractory (R/R)R/R must have histologically confirmed
DLBCL CNS lymphoma (from brain biopsy, CSF or vitreous biopsy, and includes PCNSL and
SCNSL) for Phase I; R/R histologically confirmed DLBCL PCNSL (from brain biopsy only)
for Phase II. Participants should have evidence of R/R disease on MRI or on CSF
cytology. Participants must have received at least 1 line of CNS-directed prior
therapy. There is no maximum limit on the number of prior therapies.
- Confirmation of availability of sufficient tissue from brain biopsy for correlative
studies is required prior to enrollment (for phase II only); these samples must be
sent to the DFCI Coordinating Center within 60 days of registration.
The following amount of archived tissue is required: At least 10 but up to 20 unstained
formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides. Histologically confirmed tissue will be
required from the time of relapse or at the time of initial surgery.
- Participants must have recovered to ≤ grade 1 or pre-treatment baseline from
clinically significant toxic effects of prior therapy.
- Participants must be able to undergo MRI.
- Participants must demonstrate adequate as defined below (all screening labs should be
performed within 14 days of registration but before 1st dose of study drug):
- White Blood Count (WBC) ≥ 2 K/µL
- Platelet count ≥ 100 K/µL
- Absolute Neutrophil Count ≥ 1.5 K/µL
- Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL or ≥ 5.6 mmol/L (Criteria must be met without
erythropoietin dependency and without packed red blood cell (pRBC)
transfusion within last 2 weeks)
- Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x institutional ULN OR Measured or calculated
creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min for participant with creatinine levels >1.5
× institutional ULN (Creatinine clearance should be calculated per
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x
ULN (≤5 × ULN for participants with liver metastases)
- Total bilirubin (TBILI) ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN (except subjects with
Gilbert Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin level of < 3.0 x
institutional ULN) OR Direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total
bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN)
- Woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are sexually active must use highly
effective methods of contraception during treatment and for 2 days after the last dose
of acalabrutinib. For male subjects with a pregnant or non-pregnant WOCBP partner, no
contraception measures are required. Highly effective methods of contraception
- Combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated
with inhibition of ovulation, which may be oral, intravaginal, or transdermal
- Progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation,
which may be oral, injectable, or implantable
- Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS)
- Bilateral tubal occlusion
- Vasectomy of a female subject's male partner (with medical assessment and
confirmation of vasectomy surgical success)
- Sexual abstinence (only if refraining from heterosexual intercourse during the
entire period of risk associated with the study treatments)
- Participants unable to undergo MRI brain.
- Participants with > Grade 2 intracranial hemorrhage.
- Participants with active systemic disease.
- Participants with uncontrolled intercurrent illness.
- Participants with prior exposure to BTK inhibitors
- Prior malignancy (or any other malignancy requiring active treatment), except for
adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer,
or other cancer from which the subject has been disease free for ≥ 3 years.
- Participants who have received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including
investigational agents or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to dosing. OR 5
half-lives, whichever is shorter Note: Participants must have recovered from all AEs
due to previous therapies to ≤Grade 1 or baseline. Participants with ≤Grade 2
neuropathy may be eligible.
- Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as symptomatic arrhythmias,
congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or
any Class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association
Functional Classification or corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msec at screening.
Note: Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation can enroll on study.
- Has difficulty with or is unable to swallow oral medication or has significant
gastrointestinal disease that would limit absorption of oral medication.
- Known history of infection with HIV, prior history of PML or any active significant
infection (eg, bacterial, viral, or fungal).
- Known history of hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis to acalabrutinib including active
product or excipient components.
- Active bleeding or history of bleeding diathesis (eg, hemophilia or von Willebrand
- Uncontrolled AIHA (autoimmune hemolytic anemia) or ITP (idiopathic thrombocytopenic
- Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor/inducer.
- Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K
- Prothrombin time (PT)/INR or aPTT (in the absence of lupus anticoagulant) >2x ULN.
- Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, esomeprazole,
lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, or pantoprazole). Note: Subjects receiving
proton pump inhibitors who switch to H2-receptor antagonists or antacids are eligible
for enrollment to this study.
- History of significant cerebrovascular disease/event, including stroke or intracranial
hemorrhage, within 6 months before the first dose of study drug.
- Major surgical procedure within 28 days of first dose of study drug. Note: If a
subject had major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from any toxicity
and/or complications from the intervention before the first dose of study drug.
- Hepatitis B or C serologic status: subjects who are hepatitis B core antibody
(anti-HBc) positive and who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative will need
to have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and must be willing to undergo DNA
PCR testing during the study to be eligible. Those who are HBsAg positive or hepatitis
B PCR positive will be excluded.
- Subjects who are hepatitis C antibody positive will need to have a negative PCR result
to be eligible. Those who are hepatitis C PCR positive will be excluded.
- Breast feeding or pregnant
- Concurrent participation in another therapeutic trial.
- Liver cirrhosis categorized at Child Pugh Score C.
- Uncontrolled hypertension despite optimal medical management.