NCI Definition: A melanoma that affects the central nervous system. It is characterized by pleomorphism, melanin pigmentation, a high mitotic rate, necrosis, and hemorrhage. It is a highly aggressive and radioresistant tumor. The prognosis is usually poor. [1]

Disease Details

Melanoma of the Central Nervous System, Melanoma of Central Nervous System, Melanoma of the CNS, CNS Melanoma, Melanoma of CNS
Central Nervous System Melanocytic Neoplasm
Spinal Cord Melanoma and Meningeal Melanoma
OncoTree Name
Primary CNS Melanoma
OncoTree Code


1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 6. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.