Overview

NCI Definition: A form of angiofollicular lymphoid hyperplasia characterized by fever, generalized lymphadenopathy, hypergammaglobulinemia, and dysfunction of multiple organs. Other signs and symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, hepatomegaly, peripheral neuropathy and pleural effusions. Morphologically, in the majority of cases the lymph nodes show features of angiofollicular lymphoid hyperplasia of the plasma cell type. In a minority of cases, changes of angiofollicular lymphoid hyperplasia of the hyaline-vascular type are seen. In contrast to patients with localized disease who are usually cured following resection of the lesion, patients with the multicentric form of the disease may follow a progressive clinical course, complicated by infection, Kaposi sarcoma, or lymphoma. [1]

Disease Details

Synonyms
Multicentric Castleman Disease, Multicentric Castleman's Disease
Parent(s)
Angiofollicular Lymphoid Hyperplasia

References

1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 6. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.