Overview

NCI Definition: An adenoid cystic carcinoma arising from the salivary gland. It is characterized by the presence of epithelial and myoepithelial cells forming tubular, cribriform, and solid patterns. It usually presents as a slow growing mass. Patients may experience pain because of the tumor propensity for perineural invasion. The tumor may follow an aggressive clinical course with recurrences and mestastases to distant sites including lungs, bones, brain, and liver. [1]

Salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinomas most frequently harbor alterations in NOTCH1, KDM6A, BCOR, TP53, and ARID1A [2].

Most Commonly Altered Genes in Salivary Gland Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

NOTCH1 Mutation, NOTCH1 Frameshift, BCOR Mutation, TP53 Mutation, and KDM6A Mutation are the most common alterations in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma [2].

Top Alterations in Salivary Gland Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

Disease Details

Synonyms
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Salivary Gland, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of Salivary Gland
Parent(s)
Salivary Gland Carcinoma
Children
Parotid Gland Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
OncoTree Name
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
OncoTree Code
ACYC

References

1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 6. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.