Overview

NCI Definition: A carcinoma arising in the lip or oral cavity. Most oral cavity carcinomas are squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue, buccal mucosa, or gums. Less frequent morphologic variants include mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Lip carcinomas are usually basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas. [1]

Lip and oral cavity carcinomas most frequently harbor alterations in TP53, CDKN2A, NOTCH1, PIK3CA, and KMT2D [2].

Most Commonly Altered Genes in Lip and Oral Cavity Carcinoma

TP53 Mutation, TP53 Missense, TP53 c.217-c.1178 Missense, CDKN2A Mutation, and PIK3CA Mutation are the most common alterations in lip and oral cavity carcinoma [2].

Top Alterations in Lip and Oral Cavity Carcinoma

Significant Genes in Lip and Oral Cavity Carcinoma

ABL1 +

BRAF +

DDR2 +

EGFR +

EPHA2 +

ERBB2 +

ERBB4 +

FGFR1 +

FGFR2 +

FLT1 +

FLT4 +

FRK +

KDR +

KIT +

MAPK11 +

PDGFRA +

PDGFRB +

RAF1 +

RET +

TEK +

TRNAK2 +

VEGFA +

VEGFB +

VEGFC +

Disease Details

Synonyms
Oral Cancer, Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer, Oral Carcinoma
Parent(s)
Malignant Oral Neoplasm
Children
Oral Cavity Carcinoma and Lip Carcinoma

References

1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 8. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.