Overview

NCI Definition: A squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oral cavity. It affects predominantly adults in their fifth and sixth decades of life and is associated with alcohol and tobacco use. Human papillomavirus is present in approximately half of the cases. It is characterized by a tendency to metastasize early to the lymph nodes. When the tumor is small, patients are often asymptomatic. Physical examination may reveal erythematous or white lesions or plaques. The majority of patients present with signs and symptoms of locally advanced disease including mucosal ulceration, pain, difficulty with speaking, chewing, and swallowing, bleeding, weight loss, and neck swelling. Patients may also present with swollen neck lymph nodes without any symptoms from the oropharyngeal tumor. The most significant prognostic factors are the size of the tumor and the lymph nodes status. [1]

Oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas most frequently harbor alterations in TP53, CDKN2A, NOTCH1, PIK3CA, and KMT2D [2].

Most Commonly Altered Genes in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma

TP53 Mutation, TP53 c.217-c.1178 Missense, TP53 c.142-c.212 Missense, TP53 c.1-c.137 Missense, and TP53 Missense are the most common alterations in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma [2].

Top Alterations in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Significant Genes in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma

ERBB2 +

Disease Details

Synonyms
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Oral Cavity, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Mouth, Mouth SCC, SCC of the Oral Cavity, Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Cancer, Mouth Squamous Cell Carcinoma, SCC of Oral Cavity, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity, Oral Cavity SCC, SCC of Mouth, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Mouth, SCC of the Mouth
Parent(s)
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Children
Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma
OncoTree Name
Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
OncoTree Code
OCSC

References

1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 4. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.