Molecular Profiling of Bladder Cancer
Urothelial bladder cancer is the most common type of urinary tract cancer. In the United States, 76,960 cases and 16,390 deaths were estimated for 2016 (ACS 2016).
Most bladder cancer is uroepithelial; less common subtypes are squamous cell and adenocarcinoma (NCI 2012). Early stages of bladder cancer are treated with surgery, radiation, or a combination of treatments including chemotherapy (NCI 2012). Tumor resection often leads to cure in early stage patients. Intravesical chemotherapy is also sometimes used. For patients with more advanced tumors, removal of the bladder is the most common treatment. Surgery may be followed by radiation or chemotherapy.
While targeted therapies are being investigated for use in advanced bladder cancer, progress has been slow. Promising targets for therapy include EGFR, FGFR3, mTOR, PIK3CA, RAS, and VEGF (Iyer et al. 2012; Saghedi and Garcia 2012; Sjodahl et al. 2011; Williams, Hurst, and Knowles 2012).
Suggested Citation: Solit, D. 2016. Molecular Profiling of Bladder Cancer. My Cancer Genome https://www.mycancergenome.org/content/disease/bladder-cancer/ (Updated January 26).
Last Updated: January 26, 2016