Associated Genetic Biomarkers

Overview

NCI Definition: A malignant epithelial neoplasm that arises from the colon or rectum and invades through the muscularis mucosa into the submucosa. The vast majority are adenocarcinomas. [1]

Colorectal carcinomas most frequently harbor alterations in TP53, APC, KRAS, PIK3CA, and SMAD4 [2].

Most Commonly Altered Genes in Colorectal Carcinoma

APC Mutation, TP53 Mutation, TP53 Missense, TP53 c.217-c.1178 Missense, and KRAS Mutation are the most common alterations in colorectal carcinoma [2].

Top Alterations in Colorectal Carcinoma

Biomarker-Directed Therapies

Significant Genes in Colorectal Carcinoma

ABL2 +

ACVR1B +

AKT1 +

AKT2 +

AKT3 +

ALK +

APC +

ARAF +

ARID1A +

ASXL1 +

ATM +

ATR +

ATRX +

BARD1 +

BLM +

BRAF +

BRCA1 +

BRCA2 +

BRIP1 +

BTRC +

C11ORF30 +

CCND1 +

CCND2 +

CCND3 +

CCNE1 +

CCNE2 +

CDK12 +

CDK2 +

CDK4 +

CDK6 +

CDKN1A +

CDKN1B +

CDKN2A +

CHD4 +

CHEK1 +

CHEK2 +

CRKL +

CSF1R +

CTNNB1 +

CYLD +

DICER1 +

DNMT3A +

DVL1 +

EGFR +

EPCAM +

ERBB2 +

ERBB3 +

ERCC2 +

ERCC3 +

ERCC4 +

ERCC5 +

ERCC6 +

EXO1 +

EZH2 +

FANCA +

FANCB +

FANCC +

FANCD2 +

FANCE +

FANCF +

FANCG +

FANCI +

FANCL +

FANCM +

FGFR1 +

FGFR2 +

FGFR3 +

FLT1 +

FLT3 +

FLT4 +

FZD1 +

FZD10 +

FZD2 +

FZD3 +

FZD4 +

FZD5 +

FZD6 +

FZD7 +

FZD8 +

FZD9 +

GATA3 +

GNA11 +

GNAQ +

HDAC1 +

HDAC2 +

HGF +

HRAS +

IDH1 +

IRS2 +

KDM6A +

KDR +

KEAP1 +

KIT +

KMT2D +

KRAS +

LRP5 +

LRP6 +

MAGI2 +

MAP2K1 +

MAP2K2 +

MAP2K3 +

MAP2K4 +

MAP2K5 +

MAP2K6 +

MAP2K7 +

MAP3K1 +

MAPK1 +

MAPK3 +

MCPH1 +

MDM2 +

MDM4 +

MED12 +

MET +

MLF1 +

MLH1 +

MLH3 +

MRE11A +

MSH2 +

MSH3 +

MSH6 +

MST1R +

MTOR +

MUTYH +

MYC +

NBN +

NF1 +

NF2 +

NOTCH1 +

NOTCH2 +

NPM1 +

NRAS +

NRG1 +

NSD1 +

NTRK1 +

NTRK2 +

NTRK3 +

PALB2 +

PARP1 +

PARP2 +

PCNA +

PDGFRA +

PDGFRB +

PIK3C2B +

PIK3CA +

PIK3CB +

PIK3CG +

PIK3R1 +

PIK3R2 +

PMS1 +

PMS2 +

POLD1 +

POLE +

PPP2R1A +

PPP2R2A +

PRKCA +

PRKCB +

PRKCD +

PRKCE +

PRKCG +

PRKCI +

PRKCQ +

PRKCZ +

PTCH1 +

PTEN +

PTPN11 +

RAD50 +

RAD51 +

RAD51B +

RAD51C +

RAD51D +

RAD54L +

RAF1 +

RB1 +

RET +

RFC1 +

RFC2 +

RFC3 +

RFC4 +

RFC5 +

RICTOR +

RNF43 +

ROS1 +

RPA1 +

RPA2 +

RPA3 +

RPA4 +

RPTOR +

RSPO1 +

RUNX1 +

SETD2 +

SLX4 +

SMARCA4 +

SMARCB1 +

SOX9 +

SRC +

SSBP1 +

STAG2 +

STK11 +

TAF1 +

TBX3 +

TET2 +

TP53 +

TSC1 +

TSC2 +

VHL +

WNT1 +

XPO1 +

XRCC1 +

Disease Details

Synonyms
Carcinoma of Large Bowel, Cancer of Large Bowel, Large Bowel Cancer, CRC, Carcinoma of the Large Bowel, Cancer of Large Intestine, Carcinoma of Large Intestine, Carcinoma of the Large Intestine, Colorectal Cancer, Large Intestine Carcinoma, Cancer of the Large Intestine, Large Intestine Cancer, Large Bowel Carcinoma, Cancer of the Large Bowel, Colorectal cancer, NOS
Parent(s)
Malignant Colorectal Neoplasm
Children
Colorectal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Colorectal Medullary Carcinoma, Colorectal Mixed Adenoneuroendocrine Carcinoma, Colorectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Colorectal Adenosquamous Carcinoma, Rectosigmoid Carcinoma, Rectal Carcinoma, Colon Carcinoma, and Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

References

1. National Cancer Institute. NCI Thesaurus Version 18.11d. https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ [2018-08-28]. [2018-09-21].

2. The AACR Project GENIE Consortium. AACR Project GENIE: powering precision medicine through an international consortium. Cancer Discovery. 2017;7(8):818-831. Dataset Version 8. This dataset does not represent the totality of the genetic landscape; see paper for more information.

3. All assertions and clinical trial landscape data are curated from primary sources. You can read more about the curation process here.